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    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

TUROWSKI

forename(s)

Maximilian (pl. Maksymilian)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Alexander (pl. Aleksander)

  • TUROWSKI Maximilian - Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow, source: www.gazetapetersburska.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTUROWSKI Maximilian
    Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow
    source: www.gazetapetersburska.org
    own collection
  • TUROWSKI Maximilian - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTUROWSKI Maximilian
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place of death

08.12.1937

SvirLag labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Lodeynoye Polye district, Leningrad oblast, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02

alt. dates and places of death

Levashov Wildernesstoday: Novgorod oblast, Russia
Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia

details of death

In 1910 resided in a monastery in Iziaslav, where the Russian tsarist authorities held interned „unreasonable” Catholic priests — „free thinkers”.

Finally arrested by the Russians on 26.01.1930.

On 10.05.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 10 years of slave labour.

On 26.05.1930 transported to Yaroslav prison where held with 30 other Polish priests fromUkraine.

In 08.1933 sent to SLON Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

In the summer of 1937 moved to a prison cell.

On 25.11.1937 in a bandit trial of Catholic priests sentenced to death by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”).

Transported out of Solovetsky Islands and prob. brought to SvirLag concentration camp where was executed in a mass murder — possibly n. Alexander Swirsky monastery where Russians exterminated hundreds of Orthodox priests.

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered in Sankt Petersburg prison or at Levashovskoye Wilderness, where his body was dumped into a mass grave.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1886

Barashitoday: Novohrad–Volynskyi rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine

alt. dates and places of birth

Barashivkatoday: Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1909

positions held

till c. 1930

administrator {parish: Sharhorodtoday: Sharhorod rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, St Florian the Martyr; dean.: Mohyliv–Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

from 1920

administrator {parish: Yaryshivtoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Mohyliv–Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1913 – 1918

administrator {parish: Ozaryntsitoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Mohyliv–Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

c. 1910

resident {Zaslavtoday: Zaslav rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, Franciscan (known as St Bernard Friars) monastery}

till 1909

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BORECKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KOBEĆClick to display biography Anthony, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KRUMMELClick to display biography Joseph, KUROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MARKUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Albin, MATUSZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Adolph, PROKOPOWICZClick to display biography Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, STRUSIEWICZClick to display biography Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, ŻMIGRODZKIClick to display biography Joseph, HAŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, OPOLSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, SZYSZKO–BOHUSZClick to display biography Richard, WORSŁAWClick to display biography John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

SvirLag: Russian slave labour concentration camp n. Lodeynoye Polye c. 244 km to the north of Sankt Petersburg — part of genocidal Gulag system. Established on 17.11.1931 In former Alexander Svirsky monastery, mainly for political and religious prisoners. In 11.1935 36,500 where held there. The inmates slaved at forest clearance, and some in mines extracting mica, stone and clay. Thousands perished: murdered and exterminated. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.09.02)

Levashov Wilderness: Russian execution site – c. 20 km from Sankt Petersburg. C. 47,000 victims were murdered there in 1937‑54, including more than 5,000 Poles. In 1937‑8 Russians murdered more than 100,000 Poles altogether („Polish holocaust”). (more on: www.zplspb.ruClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.11.14)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09)

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)

sources

personal:
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.10.13, www.pan-ol.lublin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, christking.infoClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.09.02
bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.gazetapetersburska.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02

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