• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • KUROWSKI Anthony, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUROWSKI Anthony
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

KUROWSKI

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • KUROWSKI Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUROWSKI Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place of death

15.02.1938

Arkhangelsktoday: Primorsky reg., Arkhangelsk oblast, Russia

details of death

Arrested by the Russians on 05.02.1930 in Sharivka parish together with a group of Catholic priests.

Jailed in Proskirov, Kharkiv and Kiev prisons.

Tried in a 10‑12.05.1930 trial and sentenced to 5 (or 10) years of slave labour.

On 26.05.1930 sent to Yaroslav on Volga river prison where was held with a group of c. Catholic priests from Ukraine — for some time held in a cell with Fr Francis Czyrek.

In 09.1932 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp (in Kiem subcamp, among others).

In 1934 brought out of the camp and taken to back to Ukraine where on 21.01.1935 tried again and sentenced to 3 years exile in Northern Russia.

On 05.02.1935 exiled to Arkhangelsk.

There on 21/3.11.1937 once again arrested.

Accused of „counterrevolutionary activities”.

On 03.02.1938 sentenced by Special Council of NKVD (known as „Troika NKVD”) — Russian genocidal kangaroo court — to death and murdered by the Russians in prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1886

Volodarkatoday: Kiev obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1910

positions held

1926 – 1930

administrator {parish: Smotrychtoday: Dunaivtsi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, main parish St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1924 – 1926

administrator {parish: Sharivkatoday: Yarmolyntsi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Our Lady of the Rosary; dean.: Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
}

1924 – 1926

administrator {parish: Mykhalkivtsitoday: Yarmolyntsi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
}

1914 – 1924

administrator {parish: Novokostyantynivtoday: Letychiv rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, St Anne; dean.: Lityntoday: Lityn rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
}

c. 1913

administrator {parish: Zin'kivtsitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

till 1910

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BORECKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KOBEĆClick to display biography Anthony, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KRUMMELClick to display biography Joseph, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MARKUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Albin, MATUSZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Adolph, PROKOPOWICZClick to display biography Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, STRUSIEWICZClick to display biography Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, TUROWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKIClick to display biography Joseph, CZYRSKIClick to display biography Francis

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Arkhangelsk: Russian forced labour camp for prisoners and POWs. At the same time center of many Russian concentration camp, part of Gulag archipelago of camps, e.g. JagrinLag, KargopolLag, KotlasLag, OnetLag, SewKuzBassLag. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.17)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09)

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

sources

personal:
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02, catholic.ruClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02
bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02

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