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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • KRUMMEL Joseph, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRUMMEL Joseph
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

KRUMMEL

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • KRUMMEL Joseph - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRUMMEL Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place of death

25.09.1937

Yoshkar-Olatoday: Mari El rep., Russia

details of death

For the first time arrested by the Russians in Starokostiantyniv on 19.12.1929.

Jailed in Shepetivka, Kiev and Kharkiv prisons.

In a trial of Catholic priests in Ukraine on 27‑30.06.1930 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps.

Sent to Yaroslav on Volga river prison.

In 05.1933 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

In 12.1933 taken to Asia Central.

Lived in Alma Ata (Kazakhstan) and from 04.1934 in Chelgir (Aktiubinsk reg.), among others.

On 28.01.1935 released.

Returned to Janiv (n. Vinnitsa) and next to Smila (n. Kiev).

There in 08.1935 arrested again.

In 1936 sentenced to 3 years of exile.

On 15.04.1936 transported to Zhukivka (Komi rep.) village, next in c. 12.1936 moved to Berezovka n. Yoshkar‑Ola (Mari rep.).

There on 13.07.1937 yet again arrested.

Held in Yoshkar‑Ola prison.

On 13.09.1937 sentenced to death by the NKVD Special Council — Russian genocidal kangaroo court — and murdered in prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1872

Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06

alt. dates and places of birth

1873

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1899

positions held

1925 – 1929

dean {dean.: Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1925 – 1929

parish priest {parish: Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1925 – 1929

parish priest {parish: Butivtsitoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

from 1922

dean {dean.: Zaslavtoday: Zaslav rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

from 1922

administrator {parish: Bilohorodkatoday: Zaslav rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Transfiguration of the Lord; dean.: Zaslavtoday: Zaslav rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1917 – 1922

administrator {parish: Labun'today: Novolabun', Polonne rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Zaslavtoday: Zaslav rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1913 – 1916

administrator {parish: Kutkiwcitoday: Chemerivtsi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1906 – 1914

administrator {parish: Ivanivtoday: Kalynivka rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Vinnytsiatoday: Vinnytsia rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

1904 – 1906

administrator {parish: Korytnytsyatoday: Volodymyr–Volynskyi rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine, St Anthony of Padua; dean.: Volodymyr–Volynskyitoday: Volodymyr–Volynskyi rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

c. 1902 – 1904

administrator {parish: Mlynivtoday: Mlyniv rai., Rivne obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Dubnotoday: Dubno rai., Rivne obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
}

till 1899

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BORECKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KOBEĆClick to display biography Anthony, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KUROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MARKUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Albin, MATUSZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Adolph, PROKOPOWICZClick to display biography Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, STRUSIEWICZClick to display biography Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, TUROWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09)

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)

sources

personal:
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, christking.infoClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.09.02
bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02

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