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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislav, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislav
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

KASPRZYKOWSKI

forename(s)

Stanislav (pl. Stanisław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place
of death

08.10.1937

Roslavltoday: Roslavl reg., Smolensk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]

alt. dates and places
of death

08.1937 (after)

details of death

Arrested by the Russians on 28.01.1930.

Jailed in Kiev prison.

During the 10‑12.05.1930 trial sentenced by the Russians to 10 years of slave labour.

On 26.05.1930 jailed in Yaroslav on Volga prison where was held in a group of c. 30 Polish priests from Ukraine.

On 27.09.1933 deported Solovetsky Islands concentration camp where he slaved in forest clearances.

Released in 09.1936 forbidden to return to his diocese.

Settled in Mtsensk and later in Karachayevo.

Next moved (or was transferred) to Roslavl in the–then Western Oblast.

There on 07.08.1937 arrested yet again by the Russians and on 05.10.1937 sentenced to death by the Russian genocidal «NKVD Troika» kangaroo court.

Murdered few days later, prob. in local prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

18.11.1883

Shumbartoday: Shumsk urban hrom., Kremenets rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.05]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1909

positions held

1917 – 1930

parish priest — Chernivtsialso: Cherniyvtsi
today: Chernivtsi hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Yampiltoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

administrator — Snitkivtoday: Murovani Kurylivtsi hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Mohyliv–Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv–Podilskyi urban hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1913 – c. 1914

administrator — Yampiltoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Yampiltoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv–Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1910 – 1913

vicar — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC cathedral parish

till 1909

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BIENIECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BORECKIClick to display biography Stanislav, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KOBEĆClick to display biography Anthony, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KRUMMELClick to display biography Joseph, KUROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MARKUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Albin, MATUSZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Adolph, PROKOPOWICZClick to display biography Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, STRUSIEWICZClick to display biography Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, TUROWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

SLON-Lag (Solovetsky Islands): Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑1939 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. One source states 83,000 prisoners, of whom c. 43,000 were murdered, including c. 9.500 prisoners in 1937‑1938 who were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh, Krasnyi Bor and Lodeynoye Polye. Among them were many Catholic priests. After the National Socialist Party came to power in Germany in 1933, a German delegation visited the SLON camp, to „inspect” Russian solutions and adopt them later in German concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно–трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea–Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held there at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev, in the first half of 20th century run by the genocidal NKVD, informally referred to as prison No 1, formally as Investigative Prison No 13 (SIZO#13). It was founded in the early 19th century. In the 20th century, during the Soviet times, the prison church was transformed into another block of cells. During the reign of J. Stalin in Russia, more than 25,000 prisoners passed through it. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, www.kresy.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, www.ofiaryterroru.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, www.pan-ol.lublin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliographical:
Julitte Naumann, private correspondence„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

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