• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARKUSZEWSKI Albin
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

MARKUSZEWSKI

forename(s)

Albin

  • MARKUSZEWSKI Albin - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARKUSZEWSKI Albin
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

honorary titles

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

date and place of death

05.02.1938

Yeniseysktoday: Yeniseysk reg., Krasnodar Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]

details of death

During civil war in Russia after Bolshevik revolution in 1917 save Jews from pogroms numerous times.

Despite advice given by Polish troops retreating from Kiev during Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20 did not leave his parishioners and stayed behind.

On 27.01.1930 arrested in Uszomierz during arrests of Polish priests in Ukraine.

Jailed in Kiev prison.

Accused of „distribution of [religious literature] among Polish population.

Additionally as Ushomyr parish priest conducted systematic counter–revolutionary activities among this population, spreading chauvinistic and nationalistic propaganda founded on idea of love for Poland”.

On 22.03.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU College kangaroo court to 3 years of slave labour.

On 24.04.1930(1) sent to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

In 06.1930 deported to Anzer island concentration camp.

In 1932 accused of ministering to the prisoners, i.e. „creation of formal anti‑Soviet society”, and on 05.07.1932 had the sentence extended to 10 years of slave labour.

Since however from 15.02.1932 was held in a psychiatric hospital in 1933 was released.

Returned to Ukraine and served in many parishes.

In 01.1936 arrested again in Smoleńsk.

On 11.02.1936 sentenced by the genocidal NKVD College („Troika NKVD”) Russian kangaroo court to exile in Siberia.

Transported to a Kazachinskoye village in Krasnoyarsk krai.

On 22.09.1937 arrested again.

Jailed in Yeniseysk prison.

Accused of „conducting nationalistic propaganda among the deportees”.

On 10.01.1938 tried by the genocidal NKVD College („Troika NKVD”) Russian kangaroo court and sentenced to death. Murdered by Russians in Yeniseysk prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

01.03.1877

Zhuravlintsitoday: Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

05.1903

positions held

1935 – 1936

priest {parish: Smolensktoday: Smolensk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

priest {parish: Khersontoday: Kherson obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
}

c. 1934

administrator {parish: Malyntoday: Malyn rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.07]
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}

c. 1934

priest {parish: Fastivtoday: Fastiv rai., Kiev obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Kievtoday: Kiev city obl., Ukraine}

c. 1933

priest {parish: Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, cathedral St Sophie}

till 1930

administrator {parish: Ushomyrtoday: Korosten rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Ovruchtoday: Ovruch rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
}

1930

priest {parish: Khabnetoday: Poliske, Vyshhorod rai., Kiev obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}

1930

priest {parish: Malyntoday: Malyn rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.07]
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}

1918 – 1925

membership {College of Consultors, Diocesan Curia; dioc.: Zhytomyr}

1918 – 1925

dean {dean.: Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
}

1918 – 1925

administrator {parish: Illintsitoday: Illintsi rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
}, at the same time ministering in the parishes of Krymok, Oratów and Lipowiec

1914 – 1917

dean {dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}

1914 – 1917

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Vyshevychitoday: Vyshevychi hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; church: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
; chapel: Krymoktoday: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine, St Anthony of Padua; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}, also: prefect of the gymnasium for men in Radomyshl'

1905 – 1917

administrator {parish: Vyshevychitoday: Vyshevychi hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
}

1903 – 1905

vicar {parish: Dubnotoday: Dubno rai., Rivne obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, St John of Nepomuk the Martyr; dean.: Dubnotoday: Dubno rai., Rivne obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

till 1903

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKIClick to display biography Joseph, BORECKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, KOBEĆClick to display biography Anthony, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KRUMMELClick to display biography Joseph, KUROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MATUSZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Adolph, PROKOPOWICZClick to display biography Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Victor, STRUSIEWICZClick to display biography Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, TUROWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights ” (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.

AnzerLag: Russian concentration camp on the Anzer Island on White Sea. On the Island, 47 km2, belonging to Solovetsky Islands archipelago, Russians organised one of the first concentration camps in Russia (part of Solovetsky Islands concentratoin camp). In 1930ties c. 32 Catholic priests were held there most of who perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, fr.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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