• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ

forename(s)

Richard (pl. Ryszard)

  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard - Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow, source: www.gazetapetersburska.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow
    source: www.gazetapetersburska.org
    own collection
  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.23]
Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2021.09.20]

academic distinctions

theology candidate

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

08.12.1937

SvirLag labour camp
Lodeynoye Polye district, Leningrad oblast, Russia

alt. dates and places of death

Levashov Wilderness
Novgorod oblast, Russia
Sankt Petersburg
Saint Petersburg city, Russia

details of death

During his service in Kiev, suspected of belonging to the Jesuit Order, and from 02.1911 followed by the tsarist authorities. During the Polish–Russian war of 1919–21, during the Russian invasion of Poland in 1920, he left the diocese. After the Polish victory in the Battle of Warsaw in 08.1920 ("miracle on the Vistula"), he returned, although the diocese remained outside Poland. Arrested by the Russians in the spring of 1922 together with a group of Catholics accused of "hoarding church valuables and resistance to the confiscation". Tortured in prison – had feet burnt. On 02.09.1922 together with 4 other Polish priests (Fr Felix Lubczyński, Fr Anthony Niedzielski and Fr. Valerian Szymański, among them) and a few civilians sentenced in Kamieniec Podolski to death. The sentence thanks to the intervention of Polish consulate in Kharkiv was however commuted to 5 years in prison. In 09.1923 ransomed out and released (apparently. informed his superiors that he had been forced to agree to "voluntary" collaboration with Bolsheviks). Arrested again in Zinkiv in 1924 but again released. Finally arrested on 20.10.1929 in Tynno. In 1930 transferred to Kharkiv prison and then to Kiev. On 27.07.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 8 years of slave labour. Jailed in Kotłas on Dźwina river prison and next in 01.1931 in Yaroslav on Volga prison (solitary confinement block). In 08.1933 deported to SLON slave labour concentration camp on Solovetsky Islands. In 1937 moved to a prison cell. There on 25.11.1937 in a bandit trial of Catholic priests sentenced to death by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as "Troika NKVD"). Transported out of Solovetsky Islands and prob. brought to SvirLag concentration camp where was executed in a mass murder – possibly n. Alexander Swirsky monastery where Russians exterminated hundreds of Orthodox priests.

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered in Sankt Petersburg prison or at Levashovskoye Wilderness, where his body was dumped into a mass grave.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

17.07.1881

Pavlohrad
Dnipropetrovsk obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1906

positions held

c. 1929 — priest {parish: Tynna, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Uszyca}
priest {parish: Horodok, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi}
c. 1924 — priest {parish: Zinkiv, Holy Trinity; dean.: Letychiv}
from 05.11.1920 — chancellor {Diocesan Curia; dioc.: Kamianets–Podilskyi}
from 1920 — pro–synodal judge {Clerical Diocesan Court; dioc.: Kamianets–Podilskyi}
c. 1918 — administrator {parish: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi; post–Dominican}
administrator {parish: Yarmolyntsi, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Proskuriv}
1912–c. 1914 — administrator {parish: Obodivka, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Balta}
c. 1910 — prefect {parish: Kiev, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Kiev}, 4th Military Junior High School and military school
vicar {parish: Korets, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Korets}
c. 1907 — student {Sankt Petersburg, philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}
till 1906 — student {Zhytomyr, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

LUBCZYŃSKI Felix, NIEDZIELSKI Anthony, SZYMAŃSKI Valerian, HAŃSKI Stanislaus, MADERA Peter, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, OPOLSKI Ignatius, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, WORSŁAW John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

SvirLag: Russian slave labour concentration camp n. Lodeynoye Polye c. 244 km to the north of Sankt Petersburg — part of genocidal Gulag system. Established on 17.11.1931 In former Alexander Svirsky monastery, mainly for political and religious prisoners. In 11.1935 36,500 where held there. The inmates slaved at forest clearance, and some in mines extracting mica, stone and clay. Thousands perished: murdered and exterminated. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

Levashov Wilderness: Russian execution site – c. 20 km from Sankt Petersburg. C. 47,000 victims were murdered there in 1937‑54, including more than 5,000 Poles. In 1937‑8 Russians murdered more than 100,000 Poles altogether („Polish holocaust”). (more on: www.zplspb.ru [access: 2014.11.14])

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Kotłas: Russian investigative and penal prison, at the center of a number of concentration camps (among them KolasLag), a the start of Kotlas–Vorkuta railway line.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Trial of 02.09.1922: Trial of 5 Catholic priests in Kamieniec Podolski, accused of objecting to church property being confiscated and of treason. All were sentence to death by the Russians. The sentences were subsequently commuted to prison terms and after Polish representatives intervention and payment of extortion tribute by their parishioners all were let off. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2021.09.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2021.09.17], www.pan-ol.lublin.pl [access: 2021.09.20]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], www.gazetapetersburska.org [access: 2014.05.09], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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