• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ

forename(s)

Richard (pl. Ryszard)

  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard - Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow, source: www.gazetapetersburska.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    Cenotaph, cemetery, Lewaszow
    source: www.gazetapetersburska.org
    own collection
  • SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

academic distinctions

Sacred Theology Candidate

honorary titles

prelatemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

date and place
of death

08.12.1937

ITL SvirLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
today: Lodeynoye Polye district, Leningrad oblast, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]

alt. dates and places
of death

Levashovoincluding: Levashovo Wilderness
today: neighborhood in Vyborgsky District in Sankt Peterburg, Saint Petersburg city, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]

Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

During his service in Kiev, suspected of belonging to the Jesuit Order, and from 02.1911 followed by the tsarist authorities.

During the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1921, during the Russian invasion of Poland in 1920, he left the diocese.

After the Polish victory in the Battle of Warsaw in 08.1920 (known as „Miracle on the Vistula”), he returned, although the diocese remained outside Poland.

Arrested by the Russians in the spring of 1922 together with a group of Catholics accused of „hoarding church valuables and resistance to the confiscation”.

Tortured in prison — had feet burnt.

On 02.09.1922 together with 4 other Polish priests (Fr Felix Lubczyński, Fr Anthony Niedzielski and Fr Valerian Szymański, among them) and a few civilians sentenced in Kamieniec Podolski to death.

The sentence thanks to the intervention of Polish consulate in Kharkiv was however commuted to 5 years in prison.

In 09.1923 ransomed out and released (apparently.

informed his superiors that he had been forced to agree to „voluntary” collaboration with Bolsheviks).

Arrested again in Zinkiv in 1924 but again released.

Finally arrested on 20.10.1929 in Tynno.

In 1930 transferred to Kharkiv prison and then to Kiev.

On 27.07.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 8 years of slave labour.

Jailed in PPLp KotlasLag transit camp on North Dvina river prison and next in 01.1931 in Yaroslav on Volga prison (solitary confinement block).

In 08.1933 deported to ITL SLON slave labour concentration camp on Solovetsky Islands.

In 1937 moved to a prison cell.

There on 25.11.1937 in a bandit trial of Catholic priests sentenced to death by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as «NKVD Troika»).

Transported out of Solovetsky Islands and prob. brought to ITL SvirLag concentration camp where was executed in a mass murder — possibly n. Alexander Swirsky monastery where Russians exterminated hundreds of Orthodox priests.

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered in Sankt Petersburg prison or at Levashovskoye Wilderness, where his body was dumped into a mass grave.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

17.07.1881

Pavlohradtoday: Pavlohrad hrom., Dnipro rai., Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1906

positions held

c. 1929

priest — Tynnatoday: Dunaivtsi hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

priest — Horodokalso: Horodok‑Podilskyi
today: Horodok urban hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Stanislav the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Kamyanets‑Podilskyitoday: Kamyanets‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1924

priest — Zinkivtoday: Zinkiv hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Letychivtoday: Letychiv hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

from 05.11.1920

chancellor — Diocesan Curia ⋄ Diocesan Curia

from 1920

pro–synodal judge — Bishop's Diocesan Court ⋄ Bishop's Diocesan Court

c. 1917 – c. 1918

administrator — Kamyanets‑Podilskyitoday: Kamyanets‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish (post–Dominican)Kamyanets‑Podilskyitoday: Kamyanets‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

administrator — Yarmolyntsitoday: Yarmolyntsi hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi urban hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1913 – c. 1916

administrator — Obodivkatoday: Obodivka hrom., Haisyn rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Baltatoday: Balta urban hrom., Podilsk rai., Odessa, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1911 – c. 1912

vicar — Koretstoday: Korets urban hrom., Rivne rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Koretstoday: Korets urban hrom., Rivne rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
RC deanery

c. 1910

prefect — Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
RC deanery — 4th Military gymnasium and military school

c. 1907

student — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918) — postgraduate specialised studies, crowned with the degree of Candidate of Theology

till 1906

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

LUBCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Felix, NIEDZIELSKIClick to display biography Anthony, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Valerian, HAŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, MADERAClick to display biography Peter, MIODUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, OPOLSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, TUROWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian, WORSŁAWClick to display biography John

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL SvirLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Свирьский (Eng. Svirskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Lodeynoye Polye in Sankt Petersburg Oblast. Founded on 17.09.1931, on the basis of subcamps No. 9 and 10 of the ITL SLON concentration camp on the Solovetsky Islands, encompassing former Alexander Svirsky monastery among others. Prisoners slaved at the forest clearing and obtaining firewood destined for Sankt Petersburg, c. 240 km away, in sawmills, wood processing plants, in civil and railway construction, in mica and stone mines, in clay mining, in agricultural work and in the production of consumer goods, etc. At its peak c. 48,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 47,400 (12.1932); 43,770 (01.01.1934); 40,761 (01.01.1935); 44,273 (01.06.1935); 34,856 (01.01.1936); 22,774 (01.01.1937). Among them were many political and religious prisoners. Many were shot within the camp during the so‑called The Great Purge of 1937‑1938. Formally ceased operations in c. 07.1937. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Levashov Wilderness: Russian execution site ‑ c. 20 km from Sankt Petersburg. C. 47,000 victims were murdered there in 1937‑1954, including more than 5,000 Poles. In 1937‑1938 Russians murdered more than 100,000 Poles altogether („Polish holocaust”). (more on: www.zplspb.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a «NKVD Troika» — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar «NKVD Troika» Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in ITL SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a «Polish operation» executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко‑просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: „Great Terror” (also «Great Purge», also called „Yezhovshchyna” after the name of the then head of the NKVD) — a Russian state action of political terror, planned and directed against millions of innocent victims — national minorities, wealthier peasants (kulaks), people considered opponents political, army officers, the greatest intensity of which took place from 09.1936 to 08.1938. It reached its peak starting in the summer of 1937, when Art. 58‑14 of the Penal Code about „counter‑revolutionary sabotage” was passed , which became the basis for the „legalization” of murders, and on 02.07.1937 when the highest authorities of Russia, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, issued a decree on the initiation of action against the kulaks. Next a number of executive orders of the NKVD followed, including No. 00439 of 25.07.1937, starting the liquidation of 25,000‑42,000 Germans living in Russia (mainly the so‑called Volga Germans); No. 00447 of 30.07.1937, beginning the liquidation of „anti‑Russian elements”, and No. 00485[2] of 11.08.1937, ordering the murder of 139,835 people of Polish nationality (the latter was the largest operation of this type — encompassed 12.5% of all those murdered during the «Great Purge», while Poles constituted 0.4% of the population). In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and ITL BelbaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

ITL SLON: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния Ла́герь (Eng. Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp) SLON — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within what was to become Gulag complex) — headquartered in Solovetsky Islands in Arkhangelsk Oblast. Founded on 13.10.1923 in a famous Orthodox monastery. In the 1920s, one of the first and largest concentration camps in Russia. The place of slave labor of prisoners — at forest felling, sawmills, peat extraction, fishing, loading work on the Murmansk Railway Main Line, in road construction, production of food and consumer goods, at the beginning of the construction of the White Sea ‑ Baltic canal, etc. The concept of the later system of Russian Gulag concentration camps prob. had its origins in the Solovetsky Islands camp — from there the idea spread to the camps in the area covered by the construction of the White Sea ‑ Baltic canal, i.e. ITL BelBaltLag, and from there further, to the entire territory of the Russian state. From the network of camps on the Solovetsky Islands — also called the Solovetsky Islands archipelago — prob. also comes the concept of the „Gulag Archipelago” created by Alexander Solzhenitsyn. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands of prisoners passed through the Solovetsky Islands concentration camps. At its peak, c. 72,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 14,810 (12.1927); 12,909 (03.1928); 65,000 (1929); 53,123 (01.01.1930); 63,000 (01.06.1930); 71,800 (01.01.1931); 15,130 (1932); 19,287 (1933) — c. 43,000 of whom were murdered, including the years 1937‑1938 when c. 9,500 prisoners were transported from the camp and murdered in several places of mass executions, including Sandarmokh, Krasny Bor and Lodeynoye Polye. Among them were many Catholic and Orthodox priests. After the National Socialist Party came to power in Germany in 1933, a German delegation visited the ITL SLON camp, to „inspect” Russian solutions and adopt them later in German concentration camps. It operated until 04.12.1933, with a break from 16.11.1931 to 01.01.1932, when it was part of and later became a subcamp of the ITL BelBaltLag camp. It operated as such until 1939 (from 1936 as a prison). (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit‑isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

PPLp KotlasLag: Russian Rus. Пересыльно‑Перевалочный Лагпункт (Eng. Transfer and Transshipment Camp) PPLp Rus. Котласский (pl. Kotlaskiy) — transit camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Kotlas in Arkhangelsk Oblast. Established on 06.06.1931 as a subcamp of the ITL UstVymLag1 concentration camp, 05.03.1932‑31.07.1932 an independent subcamp of the Gulag, then until 14.05.1940 a subcamp of the ITL UkhtPechLag camp, again until 14.05.1940 an independent subcamp of the Gulag, until 27.10.1943 a subcamp managed by the Ministry of Railway Transport, until 29.07.1945 part of the PPLp KotlasLag agricultural concentration camp. From 29.06.1945 PPLp KotlasLag functioned as a subcamp of the ITL SevPechLag concentration camp, dealing exclusively with food production. Prisoners slaved at storage and transport of goods to and from concentration camps in the Komi Republic, construction materials for the North Pechora Railway Main Line, and after the camp on 27.10.1943 was transformed into an agricultural camp at food production, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 9,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 8,073 (01.07.1940); 8,716 (01.01.1943); 8,629 (01.01.1944); 6,207 (01.01.1945), among whom were many Poles. As a transshipment sub‑camp it ceased to exist in 1945, but as an agricultural camp in 1956. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
, www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev, in the first half of 20th century run by the genocidal NKVD, informally referred to as prison No 1, formally as Investigative Prison No 13 (SIZO#13). It was founded in the early 19th century. In the 20th century, during the Soviet times, the prison church was transformed into another block of cells. During the reign of J. Stalin in Russia, more than 25,000 prisoners passed through it. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Trial of 02.09.1922: Trial of 5 Catholic priests in Kamieniec Podolski, accused of objecting to church property being confiscated and of treason. All were sentence to death by the Russians. The sentences were subsequently commuted to prison terms and after Polish representatives intervention and payment of extortion tribute by their parishioners all were let off. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.09.17]
, www.pan-ol.lublin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑1939. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
Parish priest of Lutsk–Żhytomyr 1801‑1920 and Kamyanets–Podilskyi 1869‑1919 dioceses”, Fr Waldemar Witold Żurek SDB, Lublin 2023
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, www.gazetapetersburska.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org
, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

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giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard

To return to the biography press below:

Click to return to biographyClick to return to biography