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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • BORZAKOWSKI Alexander (Abp Agapit), source: drevo-info.ru, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBORZAKOWSKI Alexander (Abp Agapit)
    source: drevo-info.ru
    own collection

surname

BORZAKOWSKI

forename(s)

Alexander (pl. Aleksander)

religious forename(s)

Agapit

function

archbishop

creed

Eastern Orthodox Church ORmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Tver OR eparchymore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

Chernihov OR eparchymore on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

Bryansk OR eparchymore on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

Moscow OR eparchymore on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

Oryol‐Sevsk OR eparchymore on
drevo-info.ru
[access: 2020.09.24]

date and place
of death

18.11.1937

Pavlodartoday: Pavlodar dist., Pavlodar reg., Kazakhstan
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

details of death

During World War I in 1914‐1917 chaplain of the Russian Imperial Army on the northern front n. Riga.

Later living in Karachev attempted to take over Bryansk eparchy, in acordane with nomination.

On 08.04.1925 was called in to Bryansk with respect to documentation submitted, necessary to gain the rights to live in Bryansk.

Did not get permission — got deported to Tver instead.

To Karachev returned in 1927.

Again attempted to move to Bryansk and made a relevant request to OGPU.

The application was again rejected.

Had then no voting rights.

At the beginning of 07.1930 summoned to Bryansk.

There on 05.07.1930 interned.

Month later on 05.08.1930 arrested.

Accused of „setting up the monastic anti–Russian group in Bryansk and Karachev aiming at undemining Russian authorities”.

On 15.12.1930 sentence by Russian crooked kangaroo court called «Troika GPU» to 10 years incarceration.

On 06.01.1931 taken to a camp in Komi–Zhyriansk region.

Released on 22.11.1933.

Arrested again by the Russians on 27.08.1936 in Torzhok.

Accused of „counter–revolutionary religious activities”.

On 20.10.1936 sentenced to 5 years deportation.

Deported to Shcherbakty village in Kazakhstan.

There finally arrested on 18.11.1937 and accused of„counter–revolutionary activities”.

Admitted to this — claiming that Soviet system „cannot last for it fights with religion and religion is inherently the foundation of man”.

Held in Pavlodar prison.

On 25.11.1937 sentenced by Russian genocidal kangaroo court known as «NKVD Troika» to death.

Promptly murdered.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

1860

Ostapovkatoday: Ostapovka hrom., Myrhorod rai., Poltava, Ukraine
more on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.09.24]

religious vows

1909 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1909

positions held

1934

archbishop — Russian Orthodox Church — dignity conferment

22.11.1933 – 27.08.1936

auxiliary bishop — Torzhoktoday: Torzhok city reg., Tver oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church — the eparchy was named Tver–Staritsa (till 1935) and Tver – Velikiye Luki (from 1935); took up the position after returning from prison; held it till next arrest and exile by the communist authorities

1928 – 22.11.1933

auxiliary bishop — Starodubtoday: Starodub city reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church — appointed summer 1928; according to some sources nominated (again?) 04.06.1930;; arrested and imprisoned after a few months; released in 1933

from 25.05.1924 – 1928

bishop — Bryansktoday: Bryansk city reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ Russian Orthodox Church — appointed; the communist authorities refused him the right to stay in Bryansk; resident in Karachev; with a break for deportation to Tver; after returning from exile to Karachev elected again ruling bishop of the eparchy on 19.05.1927, but the communist authorities again refused him the right to reside in Bryansk

from 15.11.1923 – 25.05.1924

bishop — Bryansktoday: Bryansk city reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ Russian Orthodox Church — Lat. locum tenens (Eng. „holding reins”), acting („ad interim”)

from c. 12.12.1922 – 1928

auxiliary bishop — Dmitrovtoday: Moscow oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.06.12]
⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church — Lat. locum tenens (Eng. „holding reins”), acting („ad interim”)

1922 – 25.05.1924

auxiliary bishop — Karachevtoday: Karachev urban, Karachev reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church

12.12.1921 – 1922

auxiliary bishop — Karachevtoday: Karachev urban, Karachev reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church ⋄ vicariate, Russian Orthodox Church

12.12.1921

Bishop — Russian Orthodox Church — bishop's cheirotonia, i.e. ordination

1918 – 1921

hegumen–superior — Odrinatoday: Karachev, Karachev reg., Bryansk oblast, Russia
more on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
⋄ St Nicholas OR monastery

c. 1918

Archimandrite, i.e. superior abbot — Russian Orthodox Church — dignity conferment

1914 – 1917

chaplain of Russian Imperial Army

1909 – 1914

hieromonk — Jabłecznatoday: Sławatycze gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Onuphrius OR monastery (stavropegial)

1909

hieromonk — Russian Orthodox Church — priesthood cheirotonia, i.e. ordination, preceded by deacon cheirotonia and monk’s vows

c. 1884 – c. 1909

medical doctor — Muromtoday: Murom city reg., Vladimir oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.07.16]
— in the city and surrounding region

till c. 1884

student — Moscowtoday: Moscow city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ Department of Medicine, Imperial Moscow University

others related
in death

KULHAWIECClick to display biography Simeon, STEPANIUKClick to display biography George, GUDKOClick to display biography Basil (Bp Ambrose), NIKATOWClick to display biography Alex, OSTROUMOWClick to display biography Michael (Bp Seraphim), SAWICKIClick to display biography Yaroslav, SIENKIEWICZClick to display biography Alex, GAGALUKClick to display biography Anthony (Abp Onuphrius), STROCIUKClick to display biography Leontius, BLUMOWICZClick to display biography John, SZACHMUĆClick to display biography Roman (Fr Seraphim), PANASIEWICZClick to display biography Emilian, MIEDWIEDIUKClick to display biography Vladimir, SMOLENIECClick to display biography Alexander (Abp Arsenius), MARCENKOClick to display biography Alexander (Abp Anthony), DIERNOWClick to display biography Anatol (Abp Abramius)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Great Purge 1937: „Great Terror” (also «Great Purge», also called „Yezhovshchyna” after the name of the then head of the NKVD) — a Russian state action of political terror, planned and directed against millions of innocent victims — national minorities, wealthier peasants (kulaks), people considered opponents political, army officers, the greatest intensity of which took place from 09.1936 to 08.1938. It reached its peak starting in the summer of 1937, when Art. 58‐14 of the Penal Code about „counter‐revolutionary sabotage” was passed , which became the basis for the „legalization” of murders, and on 02.07.1937 when the highest authorities of Russia, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, issued a decree on the initiation of action against the kulaks. Next a number of executive orders of the NKVD followed, including No. 00439 of 25.07.1937, starting the liquidation of 25,000‐42,000 Germans living in Russia (mainly the so‐called Volga Germans); No. 00447 of 30.07.1937, beginning the liquidation of „anti‐Russian elements”, and No. 00485[2] of 11.08.1937, ordering the murder of 139,835 people of Polish nationality (the latter was the largest operation of this type — encompassed 12.5% of all those murdered during the «Great Purge», while Poles constituted 0.4% of the population). In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and ITL BelbaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‐called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‐трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‐Baltic Canal (1931‐1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‐called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‐каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]
, drevo-info.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]
, www.pstbi.ccas.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]

original images:
drevo-info.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.09.24]

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