• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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  • MANITIUS Gustave, source: poznan.ap.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    source: poznan.ap.gov.pl
    own collection
  • MANITIUS Gustave, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • MANITIUS Gustave, source: dzieje.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    source: dzieje.pl
    own collection

surname

MANITIUS

forename(s)

Gustave (pl. Gustaw)

  • MANITIUS Gustave - Memorial stone, 2002, Grunwaldzka Str. Park, Poznań, source: hiveminer.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    Memorial stone, 2002, Grunwaldzka Str. Park, Poznań
    source: hiveminer.com
    own collection
  • MANITIUS Gustave - Information sign, 2002, Grunwaldzka Str. Park, Poznań, source: lepczynski.eu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    Information sign, 2002, Grunwaldzka Str. Park, Poznań
    source: lepczynski.eu
    own collection
  • MANITIUS Gustave - Commemorative plaque, Fort VII (KL Posen), Poznań, source: gloria.skoczow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    Commemorative plaque, Fort VII (KL Posen), Poznań
    source: gloria.skoczow.pl
    own collection
  • MANITIUS Gustave - Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMANITIUS Gustave
    Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

superintendent

creed

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland EA

diocese / province

Pomeranian-Poznań seniority (commissariat)more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.08.18]

Greeter Poland seniority (commissariat)more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place
of death

30.01.1940

KL Posenconcentration camp
today: Poznań, Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

28/29.01.1940

details of death

During World War I organiser of suport and help to Polish inhabitants and of process of polonisation of system of schooling in Zduńska Wola.

Just before the outbreak of World War II, his name, as an activist of Polish patriotic organizations, was placed on German proscription lists, prepared mainly by the so‑called 5th column — Polish citizens, usually of German descent (there are indications, though disputed, that in 08.1939 in Poznań, in the headquarters of the Evangelical Union House, secret weapons stashes were discovered, and in other buildings, radio transmitters prepared for German spies and saboteurs).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 09.10.1939 Jailed in Młyńska Str. German political police Gestapo prison in Poznań and next from 12.1939 in KL Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp.

There, tortured and injured, was clubbed to death with sticks ‑ Germans ordered him and few other Polish (including Catholic priest, Fr Marian Poprawski) prisoners to run along a narrow side corridor and started to shoot at them.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

07.02.1880

Konstantynów Łódzkitoday: Konstantynów Łódzki urban gm., Pabianice pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

10.02.1907 (Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
)

positions held

1937 – 1939

superintendent–senior — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
— also: member of the Synod of the Evangelical–Augsburg Church; acting („ad interim”) administrator of Ostrzeszów/Pawłów German churches (1939)

1924 – 1939

parish priest — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ EA parish — till 1937 pastor of the „Poznań church”; also: co‑organizer of the filial church in Leszno (1925); member of the editorial committee of the „Evangelical Voice” weekly (1924‑1929), published in Warsaw; member of Polish patriotic organizations, the Union for the Defense of the Western Borderlands and the Polish Western Union

superintendent–senior — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
— co‑founder of Gdynia church (1931); also: acting („ad interim”) administrator of German churches in Bydgoszcz and Toruń

1911 – 1924

parish priest — Zduńska Wolatoday: Zduńska Wola urban gm., Zduńska Wola pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ EA parish — also: pastor of the filial church in Łask; acting („ad interim”) administrator of Wieluń parish (1920‑1922); chairman of the Town Council in Zduńska Wola (1917‑1919); one of the founding fathers of the Henry Sienkiewicz's Society (secretary of the first board of the Society), which in c. 1916 led to the transformation of the four–grade RealSchule, established in c. 1915, into the eight–grade Henry Sienkiewicz's Coeducational Philological Gymnasium, and then in 1921 to its transformation into the Casimir the Great's State Co–educational Gymnasium; prob. school prefect and history teacher

1910 – 1911

administrator — Zduńska Wolatoday: Zduńska Wola urban gm., Zduńska Wola pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ EA parish

1909 – 1910

vicar — Zduńska Wolatoday: Zduńska Wola urban gm., Zduńska Wola pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ EA parish

1909

vicar — Osówkatoday: Sierpc gm., Sierpc pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.24]
⋄ EA parish

vicar — Lipnotoday: Lipno gm., Lipno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
⋄ EA parish

1907 – 1909

vicar — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Holy Trinity EA parish

1901 – 1906

student — Dorpattoday: Tartu, Tartu city mun., Tartu cou., Estonia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.24]
⋄ Evangelical Theology Department, University of Dorpat — also: co‑founder of the Polish Theologians Group

married — two sons

others related
in death

BANSZELClick to display biography Charles, BIELIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, BURSCHEClick to display biography Edmund, BURSCHEClick to display biography Julius, FALZMANNClick to display biography Alexander Charles, FREYDEClick to display biography Alfred, GNIDAClick to display biography Francis, GUMPERTClick to display biography Steven Edward, GUTKNECHTClick to display biography Bruno, GUTSCHClick to display biography Sigismund, HAUSEClick to display biography Paul Henry, KAHANEClick to display biography George, KOŻUSZNIKClick to display biography Stanislav, KULISZClick to display biography Charles, KUŹWAClick to display biography Sigismund, LEHMANNClick to display biography George, MAYClick to display biography Leo Witold, MAMICAClick to display biography Joseph, NIEROSTEKClick to display biography Joseph, NITSCHMANNClick to display biography Adam Robert, OŻANAClick to display biography Gustave, PASZKOClick to display biography Richard, PAWLASClick to display biography Vladislav, WAGNERClick to display biography Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTYClick to display biography Adolph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Posen: German Posen — Fort VII — camp founded in c. 10.10.1939 in Poznań till mid of 11.1939 operated formally as Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL Posen, and this term is used throughout the White Book, also later periods. It was first such a concentration camp set up by the Germans on Polish territory — in case of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) directly incorporated into German Reich. In 10.1939 in KL Posen for the first time Germans used gas to murder civilian population, in particular patients of local psychiatric hospitals. From 11.1939 the camp operated as German political police Gestapo prison and transit camp (Germ. Übergangslager), prior to sending off to concentration camps, such as KL Dachau or KL Auschwitz. In 28.05.1941 the camp was rebranded as police jail and slave labour corrective camp (Germ. Arbeitserziehungslager). At its peak up to 7‑9 executions were carried in the camp per day, there were mass hangings of the prisoners and some of them were led out to be murdered elsewhere, outside of the camp. Altogether in KL Posen Germans exterminated approx. 20,000 inhabitants of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region, including many representatives of Polish intelligentsia, patients and staff of psychiatric hospitals and dozen or so Polish priests. Hundreds of priests were held there temporarily prior to transport to other concentration camps, mainly KL Dachau. From 03.1943 the camp had been transformed into an industrial complex (from 25.04.1944 — Telefunken factory manufacturing radios for submarines and aircrafts). (more on: www.wmn.poznan.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

Poznań (Młyńska str.): Germ. Untersuchungshaftanstalt Posen — German detention centre run by German political police Gestapo at 1 Młyńska Str. in Poznań. Death sentences were carried out there, by guillotine and hanging — in total, during World War II, the Germans murdered c. 1,600 people there. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
old.luteranie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
, opus4.kobv.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.03.24]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, www.przybylscy.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]

original images:
poznan.ap.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, dzieje.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, hiveminer.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, lepczynski.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, gloria.skoczow.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]

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