St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Charles (pl. Karol)
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland
diocese / province
date and place of death
Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
alt. dates and places of death
(Russia territory)today: Russia
details of death
Participant of Polish–Czech skirmishes in 1919.
From 1919 chaplain of the Polish Army in major rank.
During period of decision about the fate of Silesia after World War I Polish activist in 1920‑1 of the Polish Plebiscite Committee in Kluczbork.
During III Silesian Uprising chaplain to the Polish insurgents at Supreme Command of the Insurgent Forces. Moved to Polish Army reserves in 1921.
From 1931 again chaplain of the Polish Army in major rank.
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation helped in Lviv refugees from Cieszyn Silesia.
Arrested by the Russians prob. in 1939. Murdered by the Russians as part of genocidal prison murders during panic evacuation from German attack of 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians.
alt. details of death
According to some sources murdered — executed — by the Russians during Christmas in 12.1939.
According to yet another in 1939 or 1941 deported to Russia and there perished.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Mnisztwotoday: part of Cieszyn, Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of birth
SvibiceZaolzie – Cieszyn Silesia
today: part of Český Těšín town, Karviná dist., Moravian–Silesian reg., Czechia
presbyter (holy orders)/
others related in death
BAŁUTClick to display biography Anthony (Fr Roman), BUCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, CZEMERYŃSKIClick to display biography Yaroslav, KAŹNICAClick to display biography Monica, KNYSZClick to display biography Stephen, KONOPKAClick to display biography Casimir Stanislaus, KOWALIKClick to display biography Zeno, MARCHIEWICZClick to display biography Francis (Fr Michael), PISKOZUBClick to display biography Julia, BIELIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, BURSCHEClick to display biography Edmund, BURSCHEClick to display biography Julius, FALZMANNClick to display biography Alexander Charles, FREYDEClick to display biography Alfred, GNIDAClick to display biography Francis, GUMPERTClick to display biography Steven, GUTKNECHTClick to display biography Bruno, GUTSCHClick to display biography Sigismund, HAUSEClick to display biography Paul Henry, KAHANEClick to display biography George, KOŻUSZNIKClick to display biography Stanislaus, KULISZClick to display biography Charles, KUŹWAClick to display biography Sigismund, LEHMANNClick to display biography George, MAYClick to display biography Leo Witold, MAMICAClick to display biography Joseph, MANITIUSClick to display biography Gustave, NIEROSTEKClick to display biography Joseph, NITSCHMANNClick to display biography Adam Robert, OŻANAClick to display biography Gustave, PASZKOClick to display biography Richard, PAWLASClick to display biography Vladislav, WAGNERClick to display biography Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTYClick to display biography Adolph
camps (+ prisoner no)
06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19)
Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)
Lviv (Brygidki): Penal prison. In 1939‑41 Russians kept thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles. In 06.1941 after German invasion Russians murdered few thousands of them in a mass massacre. In 1941‑4 the prison was run by the Germans. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2020.05.25)
old.luteranie.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, www.ptew.org.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.11.07, www.parafia.cieszyn.org.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.11.07, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04,
www.ptew.org.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2017.11.07, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04
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