• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

  • NIEROSTEK Joseph, source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl
    own collection




Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Church of Jesus, Cieszyn, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Church of Jesus, Cieszyn
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Jesus' Evangelical Church of Augsburg Confession, Cieszyn, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Jesus' Evangelical Church of Augsburg Confession, Cieszyn
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection




Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland

diocese / province

Cieszyn superintendentur
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.04.23]

date and place of death


KL Lublin
Majdanek-Lublin, Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of death


details of death

In 1919 as a scout fought with 10th „Cieszyn County” Infantry Regiment against Czechs in war for Cieszyn Silesia (defending Skoczów–Szumbark line). Next took part in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1919, prob. in Gołogory battle protecting Lviv. Prob. took also part in Polish–Russian war of 1919‑21. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested in 09.1939 by the Germans. Released after a month in prison and military barracks in Cieszyn (according to other source in Trzyniec). Forbidden to practice as a priest by the Germans. Forced to move in 1940 to General Governorate: initially to Włoszczowa where worked in a hospital and then to Kielce where was an office worker in „Społem” co‑op. There helped to organize support the families of Poles arrested by the Germans and sent to concentration camps. There betrayed and arrested again on 20.11.1942 by the Germans (according to some sources arrested because of collaboration with resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State). Held in Kielce prison. Interrogated and tortured. Finally in 01.1943 transported to KL Majdanek concentration camp where perished.

cause of death




date and place of birth


Sucha Średnia - Hawierzów
Zaolzie - Cieszyn Silesia, Karviná dist., Moravian-Silesian reg., Czechia

alt. dates and places of birth


Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/


positions held

second parish priest in Cieszyn (1927‑39), chairman (1936‑9) and deputy chairman (1934‑6) of the Main Board of the Association of Evangelical Polish Youth in Poland, chaplain of Polish Scouts Union troops in Cieszyn, manager of Care Institute in Dzięgielów n. Cieszyn (1929‑39), publisher and editor (1936‑9) and founder (1932) of „Evangelical Youth Voice” magazine, publicist, co‑author and editor of „Evangelical Church History”, social activist in Cieszyn Silesia region, f. administrator of Goleszów parish (1930), f. pastor in Cieszyn (1925‑7), f. vicar in Trzyniec (1925), f. theology student at Evangelical Theology Department of Warsaw University in Warsaw (1921‑5), f. agriculture student at Jagiellonian University UJ in Cracow (1921)

others related in death

BANSZEL Charles, BIELIŃSKI Joseph, BURSCHE Edmund, BURSCHE Julius, FALZMANN Alexander Charles, FREYDE Alfred, GNIDA Francis, GUMPERT Steven, GUTKNECHT Bruno, GUTSCH Sigismund, HAUSE Paul Henry, KAHANE George, KOŻUSZNIK Stanislaus, KULISZ Charles, KUŹWA Sigismund, LEHMANN George, MAY Leo Witold, MAMICA Joseph, MANITIUS Gustave, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, OŻANA Gustave, PASZKO Richard, PAWLAS Vladislav, WAGNER Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTY Adolph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Lublin (Majdanek): Operational in 1941‑4, in Majdanek village n. Lublin, German concentration and „death” camp. Prisoners were not only local, from Lublin region, but from all over pre–war Poland and from abroad. Most of them were Jewish, but also member of Polish clandestine resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State), Polish intelligentsia, Russian POWs, inhabitants of Zamość area evicted by the Germans, people captured in round–ups in Polish towns and cities. 6% of the prisoners were children 14 years old and younger. Prisoners slaved at c. 16 sub–camps working for German companies, such as Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW). Altogether c. 150,000 people were held in the camp. C. 79,000 victims were murdered, among them c. 59,000 Jews. The camp was equipped with 5 gas chambers, where prisoners were mass murdered, using gas from bottles or from capsules of Zyklon B. (more on: www.majdanek.eu [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‑8. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill–treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. At the same time in 08.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, do till the autumn of 1944 in Fijałkowski’s barracks in Kielce Bukówka district Germans set up a POW camp for Russian prisoners (branch of Stalag XII C „Kamienna” in Skarżysko–Kamienna, later of Stalag 367 Częstochowa). According to one of the witnesses first 100 POWs were brought in 09.1941. A week later 4,500 more arrived and within a fortnight another 5,000. Following that the POWs were brought in groups of 500‑1,000. Altogether c. 15,000‑20,000 Russian POWs were held in the camp. POWs slaved at forest clearances, digging sewage ditches, at train loading. They got a hunger rations (as a result acts of cannibalism took place). Slept in unheated barracks. Were beaten and tortured (with wooden battons). Received to medical help. For any type of transgression they were penalized with execution. The camp was managed by the Germans and was supported by a camp’s militia, composed mainly by the Ukrainians. Only few hundred prisoners survived who in the autumn of 1944 were transferred to other camps. From 1945 in Russian Commie–Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‑05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.chroniclesofterror.pl [access: 2020.02.08])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])


www.luteranie.pl [access: 2012.11.23], gazetacodzienna.pl [access: 2013.08.17], www.straty.pl [access: 2015.04.18], www.ptew.org.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.kronika.beskidzka.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.historia.us.edu.pl [access: 2019.04.16]
original images:
www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2017.11.07], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2019.04.16], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2013.12.04], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.10.31]


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