• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • NIEROSTEK Joseph, source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl
    own collection

surname

NIEROSTEK

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Church of Jesus, Cieszyn, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Church of Jesus, Cieszyn
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • NIEROSTEK Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Jesus' Evangelical Church of Augsburg Confession, Cieszyn, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEROSTEK Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Jesus' Evangelical Church of Augsburg Confession, Cieszyn
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

pastor

creed

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland EA

diocese / province

Cieszyn seniority (commissariat) / diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.04.23]

date and place
of death

26.02.1943

KL Lublinconcentration camp
today: Majdanek‐Lublin, Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

19.01.1943

details of death

In 1919 as a scout fought with 10th „Cieszyn County” Infantry Regiment against Czechs in war for Cieszyn Silesia (defending Skoczów–Szumbark line).

Next took part in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1919, prob. in Gołogory battle protecting Lviv.

Prob. took also part in Polish–Russian war of 1919‐1921.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested in 09.1939 by the Germans.

Released after a month in prison and military barracks in Cieszyn (according to other source in Trzyniec).

Forbidden to practice as a priest by the Germans.

Forced to move in 1940 to General Governorate: initially to Włoszczowa where worked in a hospital and then to Kielce where was an office worker in „Społem” co‐op.

There helped to organize support the families of Poles arrested by the Germans and sent to concentration camps.

There betrayed and arrested again on 20.11.1942 by the Germans (according to some sources arrested because of collaboration with resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State).

Held in Kielce prison.

Interrogated and tortured.

Finally in 01.1943 transported to KL Majdanek concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

14.05.1901

Prostřední SucháTrans‐Olza
today: part of Havířov, Havířov r. mun., Karviná dist., Moravian‐Silesian reg., Czechia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]

alt. dates and places
of birth

16.05.1901

Cieszyntoday: Cieszyn gm., Cieszyn pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

18.10.1925

positions held

1926 – 1939

deputy parish priest — Cieszyntoday: Cieszyn gm., Cieszyn pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ EA parish — or: auxiliary pastor; also: chaplain of the lokac troop of Polish Scouting Association ZHP, caretaker of Care Institutes in Dzięgielów (c. 6 km from Cieszyn), editor and publisher (1936‐1939 and 1932‐1933) and the founder (1932) of „ Evangelical Youth Voice” monthly, editor of „Evangelical Envoy” weekly (1932), publicist, co‐author and publisher of „History of the Evangelical Church”, social activist in Cieszyn Silesia

1927 – 1939

membership — Polish Evangelical Youth Society in the Republic of Poland — i.a. president of the Main Board (1936‐1939), vice–president of the Main Board (1934‐1936), president of the local organization in Ustroń (1927‐1936), organizer of the organization in Ustroń (07.1927)

1930

administrator — Goleszówtoday: Goleszów gm., Cieszyn pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.24]
⋄ EA parish — acting („ad interim”)

1926

vicar — Cieszyntoday: Cieszyn gm., Cieszyn pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ EA parish

1925 – 1926

apprentice — TřinecTrans‐Olza
today: Frýdek‐Místek dist., Moravian‐Silesian reg., Czechia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
⋄ EA parish

1921 – 1925

student — Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ Evangelical Theology Department, University of Warsaw [i.e. University of Warsaw (from 1945) / clandestine University (1939‐1945) / Joseph Piłsudski University (1935‐1939) / University of Warsaw (1915‐1935) / Imperial University of Warsaw (1870‐1915)]

1921

student — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ agriculture, Jagiellonian University UJ — for a month

others related
in death

BANSZELClick to display biography Charles, BIELIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, BURSCHEClick to display biography Edmund, BURSCHEClick to display biography Julius, FALZMANNClick to display biography Alexander Charles, FREYDEClick to display biography Alfred, GNIDAClick to display biography Francis, GUMPERTClick to display biography Steven Edward, GUTKNECHTClick to display biography Bruno, GUTSCHClick to display biography Sigismund, HAUSEClick to display biography Paul Henry, KAHANEClick to display biography George, KOŻUSZNIKClick to display biography Stanislav, KULISZClick to display biography Charles, KUŹWAClick to display biography Sigismund, LEHMANNClick to display biography George, MAYClick to display biography Leo Witold, MAMICAClick to display biography Joseph, MANITIUSClick to display biography Gustave, NITSCHMANNClick to display biography Adam Robert, OŻANAClick to display biography Gustave, PASZKOClick to display biography Richard, PAWLASClick to display biography Vladislav, WAGNERClick to display biography Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTYClick to display biography Adolph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Lublin (Majdanek): Operational in 1941‐1944, in Majdanek village n. Lublin, German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and „death” camp. Prisoners were not only local, from Lublin region, but from all over pre‐war Poland and from abroad. Most of them were Jewish, but also member of Polish clandestine resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State), Polish intelligentsia, Russian POWs, inhabitants of Zamość area evicted by the Germans, people captured in round‐ups in Polish towns and cities. 6% of the prisoners were children 14 years old and younger. Prisoners slaved at c. 16 sub‐camps working for German companies, such as Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW). Altogether c. 150,000 people were held in the camp. C. 79,000 victims were murdered, among them c. 59,000 Jews. The camp was equipped with 5 gas chambers, where prisoners were mass murdered, using gas from bottles or from capsules of Zyklon B. (more on: www.majdanek.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‐1828. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill‐treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. At the same time in 08.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, do till the autumn of 1944 in Fijałkowski’s barracks in Kielce Bukówka district Germans set up a POW camp for Russian prisoners (branch of Stalag XII C „Kamienna” in Skarżysko‐Kamienna, later of Stalag 367 Częstochowa). According to one of the witnesses first 100 POWs were brought in 09.1941. A week later 4,500 more arrived and within a fortnight another 5,000. Following that the POWs were brought in groups of 500‐1,000. Altogether c. 15,000‐20,000 Russian POWs were held in the camp. POWs slaved at forest clearances, digging sewage ditches, at train loading. They got a hunger rations (as a result acts of cannibalism took place). Slept in unheated barracks. Were beaten and tortured (with wooden battons). Received to medical help. For any type of transgression they were penalized with execution. The camp was managed by the Germans and was supported by a camp’s militia, composed mainly by the Ukrainians. Only few hundred prisoners survived who in the autumn of 1944 were transferred to other camps. From 1945 in Russian Commie‐Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‐05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.chroniclesofterror.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.02.08]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

«Intelligenzaktion Schlesien»: A planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — organised by Germans mainly in 04‐05.1940, aiming at total Germanisation of the region. The relevant decree, no IV‐D2‐480/40, was issued by the RSHA, i.e. Germ. Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Eng. Reich Security Office), and signed by Heinrich Himmler or Reinhard Heydrich. Some of those arrested were murdered in mass executions, some were deported to the German‐run General Governorate, and some were sent to concentration camps. The personal details of 3,047 people deported within two months of 1940 were established. Among the victims were 33 Catholic priests, 22 of whom perished in concentration camps (the clergy were sent — in 5 transports — first to KL Dachau, and then to KL Gusen, where they slaved in quarries). Altogether, the Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of the Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‐called General Governorate where it was called «AB‐aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish‐Russian war of 1919‐1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‐like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Polish‐Ukrainian war of 1918‐1919: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro‐Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro‐Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.luteranie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, gazetacodzienna.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.ptew.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, www.kronika.beskidzka.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.historia.us.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]

original images:
www.bsip.miastorybnik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]

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MARTYROLOGY: NIEROSTEK Joseph

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