• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
LINK to Nu HTML Checker

full list:

displayClick to display full list

wyświetlKliknij by wyświetlić pełną listę po polsku


Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

po polskuKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJAKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku
  • SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav, source: www.sw.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav
    source: www.sw.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav, source: www.sw.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav
    source: www.sw.gov.pl
    own collection

surname

SOWIŃSKI

forename(s)

Emil Bronislav (pl. Emil Bronisław)

  • SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav - Commemorative plaque, chapel, prison, Grudziądz, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav
    Commemorative plaque, chapel, prison, Grudziądz
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

„Medal of Independence”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.02.02]

date and place
of death

20.11.1939

Klamrytoday: Chełmno gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places
of death

10.1939, 11.1939, 27.11.1939

Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

Mniszek — Grupa foresttoday: Dragacz gm., Świecie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

In 1908‑1912 — during German occupation (Prussian partition of Poland) — while studying at the Germ. Königliches Katholisches Gymnasium (Eng. Royal Catholic Gymnasium) in Chojnice, member and the chairman of the school chapter of the Polish clandestine student self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organization, i.e. Thomas Zan Society.

During two trips in 1909 and 1910/1911 to Kraków, then under Austrian rule, completed scouting and military training in the newly established Polish PDS Rifle Team (later the 2nd PDS Kraków Team), as a result of which, after returning to Chojnice, the Clandestine Scouting and Polish Shooting Team were organized there.

In 1912 expelled by the Germans from the gymnasium in Chojnice, without the right to continue education in Prussian schools. Further fate, especially during World War I, unclear.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested in the autumn in 10.1939 by the Germans.

Held in Grudziądz (in VSH Graudenz custody in Kresy–Borderlands Hostel building among others) and from c. 14/15.11.1939 in Chełmno prison.

From there taken to Klamry (5 km from Chełmno) and murdered in a mass execution.

alt. details of death

According to some murdered in one of mass executions in forts of Priests' Hill in Grudziądz. Or in Mniszek Forest n. Świecie.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

29.11.1886

Łągform.: Łęg
today: Czersk gm., Chojnice pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

10.07.1921 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

1927 – 1939

curatus/rector/expositus — Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ Penitentiary Institute ⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC church ⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish (main parish)Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery — also: prefect at the State Breeding and Agriculture Secondary School

1927

vicar — Starogard Gdańskitoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ St Matthew the Apostle RC parish ⋄ Starogard Gdańskitoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
RC deanery

1926 – 1927

administrator — Biskupicetoday: Łubianka gm., Toruń pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
⋄ St Mary Magdalene RC parish ⋄ Chełmżatoday: Chełmża urban gm., Toruń pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1926

vicar — Świerczynkitoday: Łysomice gm., Toruń pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.02.03]
⋄ St John the Baptist RC parish ⋄ Toruńtoday: Toruń city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
RC deanery

1926

vicar — Zwiniarztoday: Grodziczno gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Lubawatoday: Lubawa urban gm., Iława pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1922 – 1926

vicar — Rumiantoday: Rybno gm., Działdowo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Lubawatoday: Lubawa urban gm., Iława pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1922

vicar — Brusytoday: Brusy gm., Chojnice pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ All the Saints RC parish ⋄ Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1922

administrator — Borzyszkowytoday: Lipnica gm., Bytów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.10]
⋄ St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Człuchówtoday: Człuchów gm., Człuchów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1921

vicar — Borzyszkowytoday: Lipnica gm., Bytów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.10]
⋄ St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Człuchówtoday: Człuchów gm., Człuchów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1921

vicar — Brusytoday: Brusy gm., Chojnice pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ All the Saints RC parish ⋄ Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1919 – 1921

student — Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

Catholic journalist, co‑author of „Churches and Monasteries of Grudziądz” book, 1928

others related
in death

BROCKIClick to display biography Anthony, DRĄŻKOWSKIClick to display biography Valerian, GREGORKIEWICZClick to display biography Leo, JARZĘBOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, MARCINKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MIĘTKIClick to display biography Anthony, ODYAClick to display biography Joseph Florian, PUTYNKOWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian John, RYNGWELSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SADOWSKIClick to display biography Anastasius, SCHMELTERClick to display biography Henry, WILCZEWSKIClick to display biography Francis Joseph, ŻYNDAClick to display biography Francis, GASIŃSKIClick to display biography Louis, KOPAŃSKIClick to display biography Conrad, MARTENKAClick to display biography John, NAGÓRSKIClick to display biography Edmund, NIKLASClick to display biography Stanislav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Klamry: From 12.10 till 11.11.1939, in the forest called „Rybieniec” — a forest complex c. 6 km from Chełmno and the Fort VIII concentration camp, stretching latitudinally, on the west‑east axis (neighboring villages of Klamry, Rybieniec, Wabcz, Paparzyn, among others) — the Germans murdered c. 2,000‑2,500 inhabitants of the Chełmno Land, mainly Polish intelligentsia, in mass executions. The victims were brought to the place of the murders three times a day. Members of the German Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz — a paramilitary formation composed of representatives of the German national minority in Poland — prob. with the support of the SS‑Einsatzgruppen units, used machine guns. Among those shot were teachers (at least 21 educators), officials, engineers, craftsmen, farmers, several Catholic priests, political and social activists. In the second half of 1944, due to the approach of the Russians, the Germans forced a group of Jewish prisoners to dig up the graves and burn the bodies. After this job, the Jews were murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

Mniszek / Grupa forest: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in the complex of forests by villages of Mniszek (in a former gravel mine) and Grupa (on the former Polish military training ground), c. 16 km to the north‑east of Świecie and c. 10 km to the west of Grudziądz, Germans murdered in mass executions approx. 10,000 Poles, brought from prison in Świecie, from Psychiatric Hospital in Świecie (c. 1,000 patients — the patients were brought in parties 60‑strong, having been given sedatives prior to dispatch), prison in Grudziądz, internment camp in Nowe on Vistula, from Steyler Missionaries (Verbite friars) missionary house in Górna Grupa — mainly intelligentsia, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties in Pomerania. Among the victims were c. 120 children brought out under a school trip guise. Murders were perpetrated by Germans from Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz and SS genocidal organisations. Wehrmacht soldiers served as truck drivers. The victims were being killed of with shovels, sticks, sometimes buried alive. Those who attempted to defend themselves were hung. In 1944 Germand dug out most of the bodies and burnt them. (more on: groby.radaopwim.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

Grudziądz‑Fortress: On the grounds of military Fortress Grudziądz — mainly near so‑called Priests Hills, but also in fortress’ Citadel — on the outskirts of Grudziądz from 10.1939 till 12.1939, as part of so‑called «Intelligenzaktion», Germans murdered in mass executions few hundred Poles from Grudziądz and vicinity, mainly intelligentsia. The biggest atrocities, perpetrated by special Einsatzkommando 16 unit operating in Grudziądz vicinity from 26.09.1939 and local Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz units (Eng. Self‑Defense groups), started after 19.10.1939 when Grudziądz was visited by Albert Forster, the Gauleiter of Danzig‑West Prussia German Reichsgau, who stated that „Danzig‑West Prussia province in short time is to become 100% German and Poles have nothing to do there and should be expelled”, adding: „there is still no Polish blood on the streets of this city”. In Priests Hills executions were carried out early in the mornings and in the evenings, and the victims where brought in groups, in two cars, each with approximately thirty people. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
)

VSH Graudenz: As part of «Intelligenzaktion» — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 09.1939 held Poles captive in investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small the genocidal German paramilitary organization Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz — the decision to create Selbstschutz in the Polish lands occupied by German troops was made in Berlin on September 08‑10.09.1939 at a conference headed by Reichsführer‑SS Heinrich Himmler (the formal order bears the data 20.09.1939), and the chaotically formed units were directly subordinated to the officers of the genocidal SS organization — organized the Germ. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutzhaft (Eng. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz custody) VSH in the building of the so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. (on 31.03.1937, before German invasion, it housed 97 boys). In this building Germans held captive 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests and c. 100 teachers and students of the local teachers' seminary. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps and 200 boys — residents of the Borderlands Hostel — were after some time deported as slave laborers to Germany. Everything was obviously done in accordance with „German law” — there was an ad hoc Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz kangaroo court in the camp, which „issued sentences” deciding on the fate of imprisoned Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self‑education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian‑occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Thomas Zan Societies: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self‑education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, in mutiny against enforced Germanisation and censure of Polish culture, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — mainly in Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) and later in Silesia. The first groups were formed in 1817. In 1897 a congress in Bydgoszcz was held when rules of clandestine activities were formulated. At other congress in Bydgoszcz in Poznań a „Red Rose” society was formed, heading all others groups in various gymnasiums and coordinating their activities. In 1900 „Red Rose” consolidated Philomaths organizations from Pomerania as well. After Toruń trial of Pomeranian Philomaths in Toruń Germans arrested 24 members of Thomas Zan Society from Gniezno. 21 of them were sentenced up to 6 weeks in prison and reprimands. All were relegated from schools without the right to continue education in secondary and higher schools in Prussia. Despite repression the Societies existed till 1918 and rebirth of Poland. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

sources

personal:
zbyneks.blox.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.09]
, zbyneks.blox.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliographical:
Biographical dictionary of priests ordained in the years 1921‑1945 working in the Chełmno diocese”, Fr Anastasius Nadolny, prof., Bernardinum publishing house 2021
original images:
www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, gdansk.ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.02]
, gdansk.ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.02]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org
, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: SOWIŃSKI Emil Bronislav

To return to the biography press below:

Click to return to biographyClick to return to biography