• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • SCHMELTER Henry; source: Fr Anastasius Nadolny, prof., „Biographical dictionary of priests ordained in the years 1921—1945 working in the Chełmno diocese”, Bernardinum publishing house 2021, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSCHMELTER Henry
    source: Fr Anastasius Nadolny, prof., „Biographical dictionary of priests ordained in the years 1921—1945 working in the Chełmno diocese”, Bernardinum publishing house 2021
    own collection

surname

SCHMELTER

surname
versions/aliases

SZMELTER

forename(s)

Henry (pl. Henryk)

  • SCHMELTER Henry - Commemorative plaque, gimnasium no 1, Wejherowo, source: plus.google.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSCHMELTER Henry
    Commemorative plaque, gimnasium no 1, Wejherowo
    source: plus.google.com
    own collection
  • SCHMELTER Henry - Monument, Klamry, source: www.fluidi.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSCHMELTER Henry
    Monument, Klamry
    source: www.fluidi.pl
    own collection
  • SCHMELTER Henry - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSCHMELTER Henry
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SCHMELTER Henry - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSCHMELTER Henry
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

date and place
of death

01.11.1939

Klamrytoday: Chełmno gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans for the first time in 09.1939. Held as a hostage, threatened with immediate execution in case of Polish resistance (Germans occupied Chełmno on 05.09.1939). Released after a few days.

Arrested by the Germans again on 22.10.1939 — this time by members of the genocidal German paramilitary formation Germ. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz (Eng. Self‑Defense).

Forced to slave on the German estate of Wichorze, c. 10 km from Chełmno.

From there, prob. transported back to the prison in Chełmno.

Finally taken to Klamry (5 km off Chełmno) and murdered in a mass execution.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

16.02.1908

Berlin—Neuköllnlocality in Berlin, Neukölln borough
today: Berlin state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places
of birth

Berlin—Britzlocality in Berlin, Neukölln borough
today: Berlin state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

17.12.1932 (Pelpin cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1937 – 1939

vicar — Chełmnotoday: Chełmno urban gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Chełmnotoday: Chełmno urban gm., Chełmno pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
RC deanery — also: prefect of the Public Men's Vocational Further Education School

1933 – 1936

vicar — Rumiatoday: Rumia urban gm., Wejherowo pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC parish ⋄ Wejherowotoday: Wejherowo gm., Wejherowo pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery — also: prefect at elementary schools in Wejherowo county

1928 – 1932

student — Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BROCKIClick to display biography Anthony, DRĄŻKOWSKIClick to display biography Valerian, GREGORKIEWICZClick to display biography Leo, JARZĘBOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, MARCINKOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, MIĘTKIClick to display biography Anthony, ODYAClick to display biography Joseph Florian, PUTYNKOWSKIClick to display biography Maximilian John, RYNGWELSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SADOWSKIClick to display biography Anastasius, SOWIŃSKIClick to display biography Emil Bronislav, WILCZEWSKIClick to display biography Francis Joseph, ŻYNDAClick to display biography Francis, KOPAŃSKIClick to display biography Conrad, GASIŃSKIClick to display biography Louis, NAGÓRSKIClick to display biography Edmund, MARTENKAClick to display biography John, NIKLASClick to display biography Stanislav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Klamry: From 12.10 till 11.11.1939, in the forest called „Rybieniec” — a forest complex c. 6 km from Chełmno and the Fort VIII concentration camp, stretching latitudinally, on the west‑east axis (neighboring villages of Klamry, Rybieniec, Wabcz, Paparzyn, among others) — the Germans murdered c. 2,000‑2,500 inhabitants of the Chełmno Land, mainly Polish intelligentsia, in mass executions. The victims were brought to the place of the murders three times a day. Members of the German Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz — a paramilitary formation composed of representatives of the German national minority in Poland — prob. with the support of the SS‑Einsatzgruppen units, used machine guns. Among those shot were teachers (at least 21 educators), officials, engineers, craftsmen, farmers, several Catholic priests, political and social activists. In the second half of 1944, due to the approach of the Russians, the Germans forced a group of Jewish prisoners to dig up the graves and burn the bodies. After this job, the Jews were murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

Chełmno: Detention centre run by Germans. Death sentences were probably carried out there. In particular in 1939‑40 the prison was used to jail, as a part of «Intelligenzaktion» ‑ extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania ‑ Polish intelligentsia from Chełmno county prior to sending them to mass execution sites and concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Collective responsibility („Hostages”): A criminal practice implemented by the Germans in the occupied territories of Poland, applied from the very first day of World War II. At its core was an appointment and public announcement of a list of names of selected people whose lives depended on absolute compliance with German orders. Any violation of these ordinances, by any person, regardless of the circumstances, resulted in the murder of the designated „hostages”. In the first days of the war and occupation, it was used i.a. by the German Wehrmacht army to prevent acts of continuation of the defense by the Poles. Later, especially in the German‑run General Governorate, it was part of the official policy of the occupation authorities — collective responsibility for any acts of resistance to the occupier's practices. For the life of one German, even if death was due to customary reasons, the Germans carried out executions from a dozen to even a hundred Poles previously designated as „hostages”.

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliographical:
Biographical dictionary of priests ordained in the years 1921‑1945 working in the Chełmno diocese”, Fr Anastasius Nadolny, prof., Bernardinum publishing house 2021
original images:
plus.google.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
, www.fluidi.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
, gdansk.ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.02]

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MARTYROLOGY: SCHMELTER Henry

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