St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Anthony (pl. Antoni)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Society of Jesus (Jesuits - SI)more on
diocese / province
Greater Poland-Mazovian province SI
date and place of death
Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of death
05.10.1939, 06.10.1939, 10.1939
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested prob. on 05 or 06.10.1939 in Grudziądz by the Germans.
Held in Grudziądz prison (and in Kresy–Borderlands Hostel building).
On 09.11.1939 prob. included in a list of c. 30 Polish „hostages” — together with Fr Bronislaus Bojułka, Fr Joseph Gołębiowski and Fr Edmund Nagórski — to be executed in case of „anti–German incidents” during next few days.
Prob. two days later together with Fr Bronislaus Bojułka and Fr Joseph Gołębiowski driven out of the prison to the execution site in Priests Hills forts and murdered.
alt. details of death
According to some sources murdered on 05.10.1939.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Długietoday: Zarszyn gm., Sanok pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
presbyter (holy orders)/
02.07.1911 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
others related in death
BOJUŁKAClick to display biography Bronislaus Francis, GOŁĘBIEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KLUNDERClick to display biography John, NAGÓRSKIClick to display biography Edmund, PASTWAClick to display biography Anthony, SOBISZClick to display biography Anthony, WOLSKIClick to display biography Vaclav
camps (+ prisoner no)
Grudziądz - Fortress: On the grounds of military Fortress Grudziądz — mainly near so‑called Priests Hills, but also in fortress’ Citadel — on the outskirts of Grudziądz from 10.1939 till 12.1939, as part of so‑called „Intelligenzaktion”, Germans murdered in mass executions few hundred Poles from Grudziądz and vicinity, mainly intelligentsia. The biggest atrocities, perpetrated by special Einsatzkommando 16 unit operating in Grudziądz vicinity from 26.09.1939 and local Selbstschutz units (German „self–defense” groups), started after 19.10.1939 when Grudziądz was visited by Albert Forster, the Gauleiter of Danzig–West Prussia German Reichsgau, who stated that „Danzig–West Prussia province in short time is to become 100% German and Poles have nothing to do there and should be expelled”, adding: „there is still no Polish blood on the streets of this city”. In Priests Hills executions were carried out early in the mornings and in the evenings, and the victims where brought in groups, in two cars, each with approximately thirty people. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.01.13)
Grudziądz: As part of „Intelligenzaktion” — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 1939 jailed Poles is investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small they set‑up a transit camp in a so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. where they jailed from 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.01.13)
Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.10.04)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)
www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19
bibliograhical:, „Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996,
www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14, college.holycross.eduClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.05.19, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09
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