• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

po polskuKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJAKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku
  • SĄSAŁA Theodore - 1936/8, Górna Grupa, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    1936/8, Górna Grupa
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SĄSAŁA Theodore, source: archiwum.allegro.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    source: archiwum.allegro.pl
    own collection
  • SĄSAŁA Theodore, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • SĄSAŁA Theodore, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • SĄSAŁA Theodore - Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image; source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image
    source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl)
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

SĄSAŁA

forename(s)

Theodore (pl. Teodor)

  • SĄSAŁA Theodore - Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa, source: svdgg.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSĄSAŁA Theodore
    Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa
    source: svdgg.republika.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Divine Word (ie. Verbite Fathers) (Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries - SVD)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

„Iron Cross” II classmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.04.25]

date and place of death

16.04.1940

KL Sachsenhausenconcentration camp
today: Sachsenhausen–Oranienburg, Oberhavel dist., Brandenburg state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.11.18]

alt. dates and places of death

25.04.1950, 23.05.1940

details of death

During World War I German army chaplain and paramedic on the French Western front (1915‑8).

After the end of the war, sent to Upper Silesia, where took an active part in Polish preparations for the plebiscite held on 20.03.1921, which was to decide the state the region was to belong to.

Because as a result of the plebiscite Bytom remained in German hands (the Polish 3rd Silesian Uprising on 02.05‑05.07.1921 did not change that), moved to Poland, to Rybnik.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, interned by the Germans on 28.10.1939 in his missionary house in Górna Grupa.

On 05.02.1940 transported — together with most of his co‑brothers from Górna Grupa — to Neufahrwasser transit camp and from there on 08.02.1940 to KL Stutthof concentration camp.

On 09‑10.04.1940 moved to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

5 days after arrival lost consciousness and died on the way to camp's „hospital”.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

07.11.1888

Szczepanowicetoday: district of Opole, Opole city pow., Opole voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]

religious vows

08.09.1911 (temporary)
03.09.1914 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

08.09.1914 (Nysatoday: Nysa gm., Nysa pow., Opole voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
)

positions held

1930 – 1939

vice–rector {Górna Grupatoday: Dragacz gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, Minor Seminary (gymnasium) at St Joseph's Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, also: a teacher of French, drawings and handicrafts, chaplain of the local garrison of Polish Army, assistant and admonitor (councelor) of the provincial

1931 – 1932

friar {Górna Grupatoday: Dragacz gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Joseph's Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, spiritual father of religious brothers

1929 – 1931

friar {Górna Grupatoday: Dragacz gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, Minor Seminary (gymnasium) at St Joseph's Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, teacher

c. 1929

student {Poznańtoday: Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑55, 1920‑1939), Piast University (1919‑1920), Royal Academy (1903‑1918)}, secondary school teacher's diploma (on 06.02.1929, simplified exam in French before the state examination board)

1924 – 1929

priest {Poznańtoday: Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, incl. in the Ursuline Nuns' Gymnasium of Humanities

1924 – 1927

rector {Rybniktoday: Rybnik city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.12]
, Minor Seminary (gymnasium) at Queen of Apostles Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, also: teacher and tutor

1921

friar {Bytomtoday: Bytom city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
, Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

1919 – 1921

friar {Bad Driburgtoday: Höxter dist., Detmold reg., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.06]
, St Xavier Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, chaplain of Polish emigrants

c. 1918 – c. 1919

friar {Maria Enzersdorftoday: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Gabriel Missionhouse, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

c. 1911 – c. 1914

student {Maria Enzersdorftoday: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Higher Theological Seminary in St Gabriel Missionhouse, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

1910 – 1912

novitiate {Maria Enzersdorftoday: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Gabriel Missionhouse, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

from 1910

friar {Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

1908 – 1910

pupil {Maria Enzersdorftoday: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Minor Theological Seminary (lyceum) in St Gabriel Missionhouse, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}, prob.

14.04.1903 – 24.07.1908

pupil {Nysatoday: Nysa gm., Nysa pow., Opole voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
, Minor Theological Seminary (gymnasium) in Holy Cross Mission House, Congregation of Verbite Fathers}

others related in death

GOŁĄBClick to display biography Peter, KOZUBEKClick to display biography Roman, KUBISTAClick to display biography Stanislaus, LIGUDAClick to display biography Paul Louis, ADAMCZYKClick to display biography Stanislaus, BRZĄKAŁAClick to display biography Victor, BURCZYKClick to display biography Felix, BYTOFClick to display biography Peter, CHARSZEWSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, CHYLARECKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, CIEMNIAKClick to display biography Louis, CYBULSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, CZAKIClick to display biography Saturnin, CZAPIEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph Leonard, DEMSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, DOERINGClick to display biography Alexander, FIGATClick to display biography Henry, GOŃCZClick to display biography Bernard, GORALClick to display biography Vladislav, GRZEBIELEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, GUZClick to display biography Joseph Adalbert (Fr Innocent), HEVELKEClick to display biography John, HINZClick to display biography Francis, HINZClick to display biography Thaddeus, JARZĘBSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, JORDANClick to display biography Boleslaus, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Theodore, KARAMUCKIClick to display biography Edmund Vladislav, KARCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Cyril Methodius, KAŹMIERCZAKClick to display biography Bronislaus, KLEINClick to display biography John, KOMPFClick to display biography January, KONKOLEWSKIClick to display biography Joachim, KOWNACKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, KRAUZEClick to display biography Edmund, KRUPIŃSKIClick to display biography Louis, KUBIAKClick to display biography John (Bro. Norbert Mary), KUBICKIClick to display biography Steven, KUPILASClick to display biography Francis, LAPISClick to display biography Casimir, LENARTClick to display biography John, LICZNERSKIClick to display biography Constantine, ŁOSIŃSKIClick to display biography Bernard Anthony, MACIĄTEKClick to display biography Stanislaus Peter, MARCHLEWSKIClick to display biography Leonard, MATUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Francis, MĄKOWSKIClick to display biography John, MĘŻNICKIClick to display biography Joseph, MICHNOWSKIClick to display biography Marian John, MITRĘGAClick to display biography Francis, MORKOWSKIClick to display biography Edmund, MOŚCICKIClick to display biography Joseph, NAGÓRSKIClick to display biography Paul Adalbert, NITSCHMANNClick to display biography Adam Robert, NOWAŃSKIClick to display biography Anthony, NOWICKIClick to display biography Alexander, OCHOŃSKIClick to display biography Charles (Fr Chris), OKOŁO–KUŁAKClick to display biography Anthony, PALUCHOWSKIClick to display biography Boleslaus, PETRYKOWSKIClick to display biography Steven, PIASZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Michael, PODLASZEWSKIClick to display biography Francis, POMIANOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, RADTKEClick to display biography Steven Boleslaus, SKOBLEWSKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav, SKOWRONClick to display biography Casimir, SOCHACZEWSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus Peter, SWINARSKI–PORAJClick to display biography Nicholas, SYNOWIECClick to display biography Boleslaus, SZUKALSKIClick to display biography John, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Bruno, ŚLEDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, TUSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, TYMIŃSKIClick to display biography Anthony, WAWRZYNOWICZClick to display biography John, WĄSOWICZClick to display biography Sigismund, WIERZBICKIClick to display biography Sigismund Lawrence, WIERZCHOWSKIClick to display biography Fabian Sebastian, WILLIMSKYClick to display biography Albert, WŁODARCZYKClick to display biography Ignatius, WOHLFEILClick to display biography Robert, WRÓBLEWSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, ZAWISZAClick to display biography Valentine, ZIELIŃSKIClick to display biography Paul, ZIEMSKIClick to display biography Alexander, ZIENKOWSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, ŻUCHOWSKIClick to display biography Vaclav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 21125Click to display biography): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

KL Stutthof (prisoner no: 9132): In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: www.kpbc.ukw.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.25]
)

sources

personal:
polacywberlinie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.hagiographycircle.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, svdgg.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
,
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, archiwum.allegro.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.10.06]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, docplayer.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, svdgg.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]

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MARTYROLOGY: SĄSAŁA Theodore

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