• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: svdgg.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: svdgg.republika.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - 05.02.1940, Górna Grupa, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    05.02.1940, Górna Grupa
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: wpolityce.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: wpolityce.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image; source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image
    source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl)
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Commemorative medallion, source: www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Commemorative medallion
    source: www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

LIGUDA

forename(s)

Paul Louis (pl. Paweł Alojzy)

  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Tomb, parish cemetery, Winów, source: www.ngopole.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Tomb, parish cemetery, Winów
    source: www.ngopole.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa, source: svdgg.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa
    source: svdgg.republika.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999more on
www.swzygmunt.knc.pl
[access: 2013.05.19]

John Paul IImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Divine Word (Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries - SVD)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

09.12.1942

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

alt. dates and places of death

08.12.1942

details of death

In 1934‑9 was the chaplain of the so‑called „Pulaski Camp”, that is the military Exercise Training Center in Górna Grupa.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 29.10.1939.

Interned in a transit camp set–up in his missionary house in Górna Grupa.

On 05.02.1940 transported to Neufahrwasser transit camp and from there to KL Stutthof concentration camp.

There slaved in ZL Grenzdorf sub–camp.

Next on 09.04.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Finally on 14.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished. Martyred during the barbaric pseudo–extermination: medical experiments (the behaviour of human skin in icy waters was „studied”, the surviving victims had then skin often peeled off).

cause of death

extermination: medical experiments

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

23.01.1898

Winówtoday: part of Opole, Opole city pow., Opole voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

1921 (temporary)
29.09.1926 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

26.05.1927 (Maria EnzersdorfSt Gabriel missionhouse
today: Mödling dist., Lower Austria state, Austria
)

positions held

rector of St Joseph mission house in Górna Grupa (1939‑40), f. friar of St Joseph mission house in Górna Grupa (1928‑30) — Polish language and history teacher and educator at St Adalbert Lower Theological Seminary (gymnasium),f. Polish philology student at University of Poznań (1930‑4) — MA thesis„Gall—Anonim as a writer”, also: chaplain and catechist in elementary school and gymnasium run by Ursuline Nuns of Union of Rome, f. friar of St Joseph mission house in Górna Grupa (1928‑30) — teacher at St Adalbert Lower Theological Seminary (gymnasium), f. theology and philosophy student at St Gabriel mission house in Maria Enzersdorf/ Mödling in Austria (1921‑7), novitiate at St Gabriel mission house in Maria Enzersdorf/ Mödling in Austria (1920‑1), in Congregation in St Gabriel mission house in Maria Enzersdorf/ Mödling in Austria from 24.09.1920, f. student of Lower Missionary Seminary in Nysa (1913‑20), author of the collections of sermons „Audi filia”, „Forward and higher” and „Bread and salt”

biography (own resources)

Click to read biography details from our resourcesClick to read biography details from our resources

others related in death

GOŁĄBClick to display biography Peter, KOZUBEKClick to display biography Roman, KUBISTAClick to display biography Stanislaus, SĄSAŁAClick to display biography Theodore, ANDRZEJCZAKClick to display biography Stanislaus Kostka, BUKOWYClick to display biography Stanislaus, DACHTERAClick to display biography Francis, FELCZAKClick to display biography Stanislaus, GLISZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, JANECKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav, KAŁUŻAClick to display biography Joseph, KŁOCZKOWSKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav John, KOCOTClick to display biography Joseph Francis, KOŁODZIEJClick to display biography Stanislaus, KONOPIŃSKIClick to display biography Marian Vaclav, KULASIŃSKIClick to display biography Leo, LEŚNIEWICZClick to display biography Louis, LISClick to display biography Thomas, ŁAGODAClick to display biography Leo, NOWICKIClick to display biography Casimir, PAJDOClick to display biography Francis, RYGUSClick to display biography Leo, SEJBUKClick to display biography Ceslaus, SEWIŁŁOClick to display biography Stanislaus, STABRAWAClick to display biography Joseph, STACHOWSKIClick to display biography Bruno, STOPCZAKClick to display biography Marian, TRZASKOMAClick to display biography John, ZUSKEClick to display biography Stanislaus Witold

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Medical experiments: Criminal medical experiments conducted by German specialists on concentration camp inmates. Among tests, in KL Dachau, KL Auschwitz, KL Buchenwald and other camps, performed by German murderers were malaria injections, liver tests, injections of tuberculosis, typhoid, phlegmon germs, flying tests (in pressure chambers), blood crystallization and coagulation tests, hypothermia, sterilization, starvation tests, etc. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22604Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

ZL Grenzdorf: German Zivilgefangenenlager (Eng. camp for civilians) in Graniczna Wieś village. Existed in 1939‑41. In 1940 — when in became a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp — c. 100 Polish priests from Pomerania — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — were kept there and forced to slave at manufacturing of road bricks. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: ofiaromwojny.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: www.kpbc.ukw.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, dziedzictwo.ekai.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
, www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
,
original images:
svdgg.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, wpolityce.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, docplayer.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.02.15]
, www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, www.ngopole.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.16]
, svdgg.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
, www.szczecin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

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