• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • HAROŃSKI Leo, source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl
    own collection
  • HAROŃSKI Leo, source: www.sjozef.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    source: www.sjozef.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

HAROŃSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • HAROŃSKI Leo - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • HAROŃSKI Leo - Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

Cross on the Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit

date and place of death

22.02.1940

KL Buchenwaldconcentration camp
today: n. Weimar, Weimar city dist., Thuringia state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

At the end of World War I drafted into German army.

Took part in war in Lithuania on the German eastern front and in Belgium — on Western front.

After demobilization in 1918, after rebirth of Poland, activist of Polish Plebiscite Committee with HQ in Bytom — in preparation to the plebiscite that was to decide state fate of Upper Silesia.

Worek as a Polish language teacher in villages n. Gliwice.

Was a co‑organiser of Polish I Silesian Uprising (16‑24.08.1919) in Ruda Śląska.

Arrested by the agents of German Grenzschutz Ost paramilitary voluntary organization opposing the separation of Eastern lands from Germany.

Held in Żory and Gliwice prisons.

Released.

Reverted to his work for Polish Plebiscite Committee.

In 1920—1921 took part in Polish efforts in Przyszowice, Gierałtowice and Knurów where taught.

After the plebiscite on 20.03.1921 participant of Polish III Silesian Uprising (02.05‑05.07.1921).

Participant of Silesia uprisings.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested on 15.10.1939 by the Germans.

Jailed in turn in Nieborowice, Gliwice and Rawicz prisons.

On 16.10.1939 transported to KL Buchenwald concentration camp where slaved in quarries.

Severely beaten up by the camp's barber.

Taken to camp's „hospital” and murdered prob. by phenol injection.

alt. details of death

According to some sources after arrest held also in Cieszyn prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

05.09.1899

Królewska Hutatoday: Chorzów /from 1934/, Chorzów city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

24.08.1928

positions held

1933 – 1939

administrator {parish: Leszna Górnatoday: Goleszów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Cieszyntoday: Cieszyn gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1933

vicar {parish: Brzezinytoday: Brzeziny urban gm., Brzeziny pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Brzezinytoday: Brzeziny urban gm., Brzeziny pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

1933

vicar {parish: Dębieńskotoday: district of Czerwionka–Leszczyny, Czerwionka–Leszczyny gm., Rybnik pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, St George the Martyr; dean.: Dębieńskotoday: district of Czerwionka–Leszczyny, Czerwionka–Leszczyny gm., Rybnik pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

1932 – 1933

vicar {parish: Niedobczycetoday: district of Rybnik, Rybnik city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus; dean.: Rybniktoday: Rybnik city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.12]
}

1930 – 1932

vicar {parish: Bieruń Starytoday: district of Bieruń, Bieruń urban gm., Bieruń–Lędziny pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.05]
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Mysłowicetoday: Mysłowice city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
}

1929 – 1930

vicar {parish: Radzionkówtoday: Radzionków urban gm., Tarnowskie Góry pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.12]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Piekary Śląskietoday: Piekary Śląskie city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
}

1928 – 1929

vicar {parish: Jedłowniktoday: part of Wodzisław Śląski, Wodzisław Śląski urban gm., Wodzisław Śląski pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Wodzisław Śląskitoday: Wodzisław Śląski urban gm., Wodzisław Śląski pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}, acting („ad interim”)

c. 1928

vicar {parish: Czechowicetoday: Czechowice–Dziedzice, Czechowice–Dziedzice gm., Bielsko–Biała pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, St Catherine of Alexandria the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Bielskotoday: part of Bielsko–Biała, Bielsko–Biała city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1924 – 1928

student {Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, philosophy and theology, Silesian Theological Seminary; dioc.: Katowice}

1924 – 1928

student {Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, Jagiellonian University UJ}

1923 – 1924

student {Kielcetoday: Kielce city pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1922 – 1923

employee {Knurówtoday: Knurów urban gm., Gliwice pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.05.23]
, mine management}

{teacher in Przyszowice, Knurów and Gierałtowice, in the villages near Gliwice}, Polish language

others related in death

BUKOWSKIClick to display biography Leopold, DOMERACKIClick to display biography Joseph, DRWALClick to display biography Francis, DRWĘSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus (Bro. Felician), GLAKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, HANKEClick to display biography Francis, HUWERClick to display biography Joseph, KULISZClick to display biography Charles, KUPILASClick to display biography Francis, LANGNERClick to display biography Herbert, PANKOWSKIClick to display biography Marian, POLEDNIAClick to display biography Paul, ROGACZEWSKIClick to display biography Adalbert Theophilus, SCHULZClick to display biography Joseph Valentine, SEKRECKIClick to display biography Henry, STOCKClick to display biography Joseph, GÓREKClick to display biography Francis, ROBOTAClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Buchenwald: In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Rawicz: Prison, founded in 1819–21, in place of the Franciscan Friars Minor's monastery, which was liquidated by the Prussian occupation authorities. During the World War II, during the German occupation of 1939–45, the German Germ. Zuchthaus (Eng. heavy prison), intended for men sentenced to long–term imprisonment and penal camp sentences, levied mainly by the Germ. Warthegau (Eng. Wartha region) occupation courts. A large part of the prisoners were next transported from there to German concentration camps. After the end of the military operations of World War II, the prison was managed by the Commie–Nazi authorities of the Russian prl republic. Many activists of the Polish clandestine independence underground were detained there, including soldiers of the Home Army AK. Political prisoners were finally released in 1956. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Gliwice: Founded in 1868 by the Germans. Extended in 1902 in the shape of the letter 'T'. In 1927, the only investigative prison in Upper Silesia in which prisoners were held for up to 1 year. During World War II, Polish families with children, where held there, among others,. After the German defeat and the start of the Russian occupation, the prison of the Commie–Nazi UB, a unit of the Russian genocidal MGB. Up to 1,000 prisoners were held there, including soldiers of the Home Army (part of the Polish Underground State). (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Nieborowice: In 1939 Germans set up in Nieborowice transit camp for Polish soldiers, activists and former Silesian Uprising participants, recorded on their proscription lists. 2,000 of them died there of subsequently during II World War — some murdered in the camp itself, for instance c. 18 Poles during so‑called „bloody night” of 05‑06.09.1939. (more on: pppilchowice.pilchowice.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: A planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940, aiming at total Germanisation of the region. The relevant decree, no IV–D2–480/40, was issued by the RSHA, i.e. Germ. Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Eng. Reich Security Office), and signed by Heinrich Himmler or Reinhard Heydrich. Some of those arrested were murdered in mass executions, some were deported to the German–run General Governorate, and some were sent to concentration camps. The personal details of 3,047 people deported within two months of 1940 were established. Among the victims were 33 Catholic priests, 22 of whom perished in concentration camps (the clergy were sent — in 5 transports — first to KL Dachau, and then to KL Gusen, where they slaved in quarries). Altogether, the Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of the Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.25]
)

sources

personal:
encyklo.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
,
original images:
www.bsip.miastorybnik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]
, www.sjozef.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

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MARTYROLOGY: HAROŃSKI Leo

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