• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

BUKOWSKI

forename(s)

Leopold

  • BUKOWSKI Leopold - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBUKOWSKI Leopold
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection
  • BUKOWSKI Leopold - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBUKOWSKI Leopold
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Cracow archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

15.04.1945

KL Sachsenhausenconcentration camp
today: Sachsenhausen–Oranienburg, Oberhavel dist., Brandenburg, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.11.18

alt. dates and places of death

KL Buchenwaldconcentration camp
today: n. Weimar, Weimar city dist., Thuringia, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09

KL Mittelbau-Doraconcentration camp
today: n. Nordhausen, Nordhausen dist., Thuringia, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09

details of death

During World War I soldier no 3159 — from 1914 — of the 12th Company 3rd Infantry Regiment of Polish Legions in Austro–Hungarian army.

Took part in Carpathian mountains campaign.

On 02.1915 wounded at Nadwórna battle.

On 05.07.1916 captured by the Russians in Wołczeck and held POW.

Released in 03.1918, after separatist Brześć Treaty on 03.03.1918 between Germany/Austro–Hungary and Russia.

In 1920 took part with other seminarians from Theological Seminary in Kraków in Polish–Russians war.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested on 20.06.1943 by the Germans during the pacification of Krzeczów together with his vicar, Fr Francis Czubin, among others (Fr Czubin was executed on the spot).

Accused of hiding church bells Germans ordered to be handed in and melted for weaponry production.

Taken to Zakopane prison and from there to Montelupich Str. prison in Kraków.

On 20.07.1943 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp.

From there on c. 24.06.1944 transferred to KL Buchenwald concentration camp.

On 28.10.1944 registered in KL Mittelbau–Dora concentration camp.

Prob. perished during evacuation of KL Mittelbau–Dora concentration camp — at the beginning of 04.1945 forced by Germans onto cattle track trains and forwarded towards KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Perished on the way and was registered as a victim of KL Sachsenhausen camp.

alt. details of death

Perished as a victim of one of two concentration camps — KL Buchenwald or KL Mittelbau–Dora (both liberated by American troops on 11.04.1945).

Prob. at the beginning of 04.1945 forced in KL Mittelbau–Dora by Germans onto cattle track trains and forwarded towards other concentration camps: KL Bergen–Belsen, KL Sachsenhausen, KL Ravensbrück or KL Neuengamme.

On the way perished.

Could also had been forced to march on foot from KL Mittelbau–Dora and perish in Gardelegen, for instance, where Germans burnt on 13.04.1945 c. 1,016 prisoners, mainly Poles, in a barn.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

26.12.1894

Maruszynatoday: Szaflary gm., Nowy Targ pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18

alt. dates and places of birth

26.11.1894

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.06.1922 (Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16
)

positions held

1935 – 1943

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Lubieńtoday: Lubień gm., Myślenice pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St John the Baptist; church: Krzeczówtoday: Lubień gm., Myślenice pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Mszana Dolnatoday: Mszana Dolna gm., Limanowa pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31
}

1928 – 1935

vicar {parish: Więcławicetoday: Więcławice Stare, Michałowice gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland, St James the Apostle; dean.: Mogiłatoday: part of Kraków, Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31
}

1928

vicar {parish: Bodzanówtoday: Biskupice gm., Wieliczka pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Niepołomicetoday: Niepołomice gm., Wieliczka pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
}

1927 – 1928

vicar {parish: Niepołomicetoday: Niepołomice gm., Wieliczka pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
, Ten Thousands of Saint Martyrs; dean.: Niepołomicetoday: Niepołomice gm., Wieliczka pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
}

1927

vicar {parish: Jaworznotoday: Jaworzno city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr and St Catherine Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Nowa Góratoday: Krzeszowice gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
}

1922 – 1926

vicar {parish: Osiektoday: Osiek gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18
, St Andrew the Apostle; dean.: Oświęcimtoday: Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
}

1918 – 1922

student {Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

DAŃKOWSKIClick to display biography Peter Edward, CZUBINClick to display biography Francis, DOMERACKIClick to display biography Joseph, DROŹDZIKClick to display biography Peter, DRWALClick to display biography Francis, DRWĘSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus (Bro. Felician), GLAKOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, HANKEClick to display biography Francis, HAROŃSKIClick to display biography Leo, HUWERClick to display biography Joseph, KULISZClick to display biography Charles, KUPILASClick to display biography Francis, LANGNERClick to display biography Herbert, PANKOWSKIClick to display biography Marian, POLEDNIAClick to display biography Paul, PRZYWARAClick to display biography Peter, ROGACZEWSKIClick to display biography Adalbert Theophilus, ROZMUSClick to display biography Vincent, SCHULZClick to display biography Joseph Valentine, SEKRECKIClick to display biography Henry, SOSINClick to display biography Joseph, STASZEWSKAClick to display biography Helen (Sr Mary Clementa), STOCKClick to display biography Joseph, SZEMBEKClick to display biography Francis Vladimir, SZOTTClick to display biography Francis

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.11.18)

KL Mittelbau-Dora: Concentration camp operational from 08.1943 till the end of II World War, set up to provide the slave workforce for an underground military factory “Mittelwerk” Mittelwerk — in tunnels of Kohnstein mountain n. Nordhausen town V‑1 and V‑2 rockets were manufactured — initially as a sub‑camp of KL Buchenwald concentration camp (till summer 1944). Approx. 20,000 prisoner perished, among whom 10,000 during camp evacuation (“death marches”), and 1,200 during allied bombardments. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23)

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 62540Click to display biography): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.10)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 130365Click to display biography): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.07.06)

Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison, during occupation run by the Germans — from 28.02.1941 by Germ. Geheime Staatspolizei (Eng. Secret State Police, known as Gestapo. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.10.31)

Zakopane - Palace: Penal institution and investigative prison set up by German political police Gestapo in „Palace” guesthouse in renown spa Zakopane at the foot of Tatra mountains. Functioned from the start of German occupation in 10.1939 to 01.1945. Place of mass executions and cruel tortures — the victims were beaten, tormented, hanged — of scores of Poles. It is estimated that c. 2,000 inmates were held captive in „Palace” prison 400 of which were murdered by the Germans — some in the prison itself, others at the local Dry Valley (pl. Sucha Dolina) cemetery. Most of the others were sent to German concentration camps, mainly KL Auschwitz, were the majority perished. (more on: z-ne.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20)

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2012.11.23, polacywberlinie.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.05.19, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18, wykaz.muzeumpilsudski.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.04.02

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MARTYROLOGY: BUKOWSKI Leopold

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