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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

ŁUKJANIN

surname
versions/aliases

ŁUKIANIN

forename(s)

Józef

  • ŁUKJANIN Józef - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁUKJANIN Józef
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

nationality

Belarusian-Latvian-Swedish

date and place of death

03.11.1937

Sandarmokhtoday: Medvezhyegorsk reg., Karelia rep., Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

alt. dates and places of death

08.12.1937

details of death

During World War I chaplain of the Russian Danube army fighting in Bessarabia (1915‑12.1917).

For the first time arrested by the Russians on 07.08.1922 — with Fr Josef Dziemian — for refusal to take part in a ridicule of bl.

Anthony Bobola relics, held in Polotsk, show.

On 12.09.1922 transported to Vitebsk prison.

On 12.10.1922 released after ransom payment.

In 1925 arrested again but soon released.

For cure from illness went to Sankt Petersburg.

After return to Belarus arrested again on 17.08.1928 in Yurkevichi village (according to some sources on 16.09.1929).

Accused of „systematic […] spreading, in homilies and discussions, of anti–socialist propaganda”.

On 07.03.1930 (according to some sources on 03.02.1930 or on 13.03.1930) sentenced by the murderous Russian OGPU College kangaroo court to 10 years of slave labour.

Sent to Syrzransky concentration camp.

From there on 16.06.1931 moved to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp Gulag.

In 10.1931 moved to Anzer Islands concentration camp.

There arrested again.

On 05.07.1932 tried by another OGPU College kangaroo court in a process of Polish priests held there.

Sentenced to stay in Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

In 1937 moved to a prison cell.

Finally on 09.10.1937 sentenced to death by the Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo court.

Driven out c. 300 km to the south to the execution site and murdered in a mass slaughter of a group of Catholic priests.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

11.03.1888

barrack/station no 52 on Dyneburg-Orel railway linetoday: Augšdaugava mun., Latvia

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

13.04.1914

positions held

from 1928

administrator {parish: Chavusytoday: Chavusy dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
; dean.: Czeryków / Czausydeanery names/seats
today: Mogilev reg., Belarus
}, also ministering in the parishes of Czeryków and Ziembin

c. 1925

priest {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, Sacred Heart of Jesus}, at the chapel at Zanewska Sr.

administrator {parish: Gorbachevo–Obitokyparish name
today: Gorbachevo ssov., Rasony dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus

more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
; dean.: Polotsktoday: Polotsk dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus}

1922

vicar {parish: Polotsktoday: Polotsk dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus}

administrator {parish: Rudnya–Shlyaginatoday: Svetilovichi ssov., Vetka dist., Gomel reg., Belarus
more on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
; dean.: Gomeltoday: Gomel dist., Gomel reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
}

1915 – 1917

priest {parish: Bolhradtoday: Bolhrad rai., Odessa obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
}

1914 – 1915

vicar {parish: Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
}, also: prefect of primary schools in Pinsk

1909 – 1914

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BARANOWSKIClick to display biography Piotr, DZIEMIANClick to display biography Józef, DZIEMIESZKIEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, JARMOŁOWICZClick to display biography Anthony, JUREWICZClick to display biography Boleslaus, KAPUSTOClick to display biography Piotr Bernard, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Józef, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Józef, ŁUKASZClick to display biography Jan, SPALWINI–KRECZETOWClick to display biography Walenty, SZACIŁŁOClick to display biography Albin, WIERZBICKIClick to display biography Józef, ŻAWRYDClick to display biography Jan

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Sandarmokh: Former shooting range of Russian slave labour BelBaltLag concentration camp — n. Powienec village on Onega lake shore, c. 19 km from Bear Hill (Medvezhegorsk), in Karelia republic, a seat of Russian BelBaltLag slave labour concentration camp’s headquarters — where from 11.08.1937 till 27.11.1938 in excess of 9,500 victims from 58 nations, including many Poles, mainly from BelBaltLag concentration camp for prisoners constructing White Sea – Baltic canal and c. 1,111 prisoners from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps on White Sea (c. 250 km from Sandarmokh) were murdered in mass executions. At least 32 priests, including 12 Poles and 11 Germans, one bishop among them, were shot through the back of the head at the site 27.10–04.11.1937. Their remains were unearthed in 1997 — 236 mass grave ditches were discovered spread over c. 10 hectares of land. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights ” (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration and forced slave labor camp, under the management of the Gulag camp network (i.e. the genocidal OGPU, and then the NKVD), with the HQ in Medvedevegorsk (then in the Karelo–Finnish rep.) on the White Sea. Established on 16.11.1931, on the basis of the former SLON camp (on the Solovetsky islands). Prisoners slaved on canal construction between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea (the canal itself was opened on.06.1933). Later, prisoners worked in logging forests, in sawmills, in the construction of wood products and paper factories, hydroelectric plants, nickel factories and alcohol distilleries, construction of ports, and laying railway lines. C. 58,965 to 107,900 (1932) prisoners were held in the camp at one time —–e.g. in 1938, there were 3,946 women among them. According to official data, 12,300 perished during the construction of the canal itself — according to unofficial data, from 50,000 to 300,000. One of head managers of the construction of the canal was a Jew, Naftali Frenkel, who went down in history as the author of the principle„We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Solzhenitsyn, of the so–called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — i.e. prisoner – canal soldier (Rus. заключенный–каналоармец) — was coined in the camp, which was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. The camp operated until 18.09.1941, and the entire project — in economic terms — turned out to be a total failure. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.

AnzerLag: Russian concentration camp on the Anzer Island on White Sea. On the Island, 47 km2, belonging to Solovetsky Islands archipelago, Russians organised one of the first concentration camps in Russia (part of Solovetsky Islands concentratoin camp). In 1930ties c. 32 Catholic priests were held there most of who perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, sand.mapofmemory.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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