• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • JARMOŁOWICZ Anthony - Likeness uncertain, source: sand.mapofmemory.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARMOŁOWICZ Anthony
    Likeness uncertain
    source: sand.mapofmemory.org
    own collection

surname

JARMOŁOWICZ

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • JARMOŁOWICZ Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARMOŁOWICZ Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

date and place of death

03.11.1937

Sandarmokhtoday: Medvezhyegorsk reg., Karelia rep., Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

details of death

Arrested by the Russians in 1919, as a hostage.

Released in the prison exchange with Poland.

Arrested again by the Russians in 01.1921, but soon released.

Third time arrested by the Russians in 1932 in Nevel vicinity.

On 29.10.1933 sentenced to 10 years of slave labour.

Transported to Russian SLON concentration camp on Solovetsky Islands.

In1934 moved to BelBaltLag (Station Kuzema) where slaved at Belamor canal construction.

In the camps clandestinely ministered.

In 1937 arrested yet again in Solovetsky Islands where was transported back and locked up in a prison cell.

On 09.10.1937 sentenced to death by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”) and murdered in a mass execution.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

09.01.1892

Vidinichitoday: Talachyn dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus

alt. dates and places of birth

1897

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1917

positions held

administrator {parish: Neveltoday: Nevel city reg., Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
; dean.: Witebsktoday: Vitebsk reg., Belarus}

priest {parish: Sebezhtoday: Sebezh reg., Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.22]
; dean.: Dryssa / Siebieżdeanery names/seats}

c. 1929

priest {church: Nowogródtoday: Nowogród gm., Łomża pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

administrator {parish: Velikiye Lukitoday: Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Anthony of Padua}

c. 1925

administrator {parish: Novosokolnikitoday: Novosokolniki reg., Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus; dean.: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia}

administrator {parish: Mogilevtoday: Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, archcathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr}

c. 1921

administrator {parish: Shklowtoday: Shklow dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.21]
; dean.: Mogilevtoday: Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

c. 1919

vicar {church: Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, cathedral Name of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

till 1917

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BARANOWSKIClick to display biography Piotr, DZIEMIANClick to display biography Józef, DZIEMIESZKIEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, JUREWICZClick to display biography Boleslaus, KAPUSTOClick to display biography Piotr Bernard, KARPIŃSKIClick to display biography Józef, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Józef, ŁUKASZClick to display biography Jan, ŁUKJANINClick to display biography Józef, SPALWINI–KRECZETOWClick to display biography Walenty, SZACIŁŁOClick to display biography Albin, WIERZBICKIClick to display biography Józef, ŻAWRYDClick to display biography Jan

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Sandarmokh: Former shooting range of Russian slave labour BelBaltLag concentration camp — n. Powienec village on Onega lake shore, c. 19 km from Bear Hill (Medvezhegorsk), in Karelia republic, a seat of Russian BelBaltLag slave labour concentration camp’s headquarters — where from 11.08.1937 till 27.11.1938 in excess of 9,500 victims from 58 nations, including many Poles, mainly from BelBaltLag concentration camp for prisoners constructing White Sea – Baltic canal and c. 1,111 prisoners from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps on White Sea (c. 250 km from Sandarmokh) were murdered in mass executions. At least 32 priests, including 12 Poles and 11 Germans, one bishop among them, were shot through the back of the head at the site 27.10–04.11.1937. Their remains were unearthed in 1997 — 236 mass grave ditches were discovered spread over c. 10 hectares of land. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights ” (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration and forced slave labor camp, under the management of the Gulag camp network (i.e. the genocidal OGPU, and then the NKVD), with the HQ in Medvedevegorsk (then in the Karelo–Finnish rep.) on the White Sea. Established on 16.11.1931, on the basis of the former SLON camp (on the Solovetsky islands). Prisoners slaved on canal construction between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea (the canal itself was opened on.06.1933). Later, prisoners worked in logging forests, in sawmills, in the construction of wood products and paper factories, hydroelectric plants, nickel factories and alcohol distilleries, construction of ports, and laying railway lines. C. 58,965 to 107,900 (1932) prisoners were held in the camp at one time —–e.g. in 1938, there were 3,946 women among them. According to official data, 12,300 perished during the construction of the canal itself — according to unofficial data, from 50,000 to 300,000. One of head managers of the construction of the canal was a Jew, Naftali Frenkel, who went down in history as the author of the principle„We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Solzhenitsyn, of the so–called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — i.e. prisoner – canal soldier (Rus. заключенный–каналоармец) — was coined in the camp, which was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. The camp operated until 18.09.1941, and the entire project — in economic terms — turned out to be a total failure. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, crusader.org.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, sand.mapofmemory.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, ru.openlist.wikiClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
sand.mapofmemory.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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