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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • JANUKOWICZ Peter - Just before the Moscow trial, 1923, source: www.sosnowiecfakty.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJANUKOWICZ Peter
    Just before the Moscow trial, 1923
    source: www.sosnowiecfakty.pl
    own collection

surname

JANUKOWICZ

surname
versions/aliases

JANUKIEWICZ

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

  • JANUKOWICZ Peter - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJANUKOWICZ Peter
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

date and place
of death

27.08.1937

Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

On 05.03.1893 punitively exiled by Russian Tsarist authorities to Anglona (Latvia) monastery — for not standing up in a court when witnesses were making an oath in front of Orthodox priest.

In c. 1902 dismissed from Kamień parish n. Minsk as a result of Orthodox priests' denunciations to Tsarist authorities.

In 1909‑1910 twice tried and sentenced to a couple of days home arrest for the defense of Catholic faith.

On 09‑14.09.1919 again held captive by the Russians — forced to do public works in Sankt Petersburg.

Arrested once again on 10.05.1920 by the Russians — accused of holding metal coffins containing corpses of Poles to be sent to Poland.

On 14.09.1920 sentenced to a year in prison.

Released however — amnestied.

In 1923 summoned to Moscow on 03.03.1923 together with a group of priests from Sankt Petersburg.

On 09.03.1923 in Moscow arrested again.

There on 21‑25.03.1923 tried in Abp John Cieplak trial.

Sentenced to 3 years in prison.

Held in Butyrki and Lefortowie prisons in Moscow.

Released in 1925.

Last time arrested by the Russians on 09.06.1937 in Fashchevka village n. Minsk where lived and from where ministered.

Accused of leading a clandestine branch of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‑1918) and spying for Poland.

On 25.08.1937 sentenced in Minsk to death — during a string of trials of c. 113 Poles — and murdered in prison in a mass execution.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

18.10.1863

Denisovotoday: Myory ssov., Myory dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1891 (Kaunastoday: Kaunas city dist., Kaunas Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
)

positions held

1934 – 1937

administrator — Shklowtoday: Shklow dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.21]
⋄ RC parish ⋄ Mogilevtoday: Mogilev dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

1932 – 1934

administrator — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ St Catherine of Alexandria the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
RC deanery

1931 – 1932

administrator — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ Immaculate Heart of Mary RC parish

1926 – 1931

administrator — Shklowtoday: Shklow dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.21]
⋄ RC parish ⋄ Mogilevtoday: Mogilev dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery — minister from the village of Faszczówka

1921 – 1923

curatus/rector/expositus — Lesnoyetoday: Sankt Petersburg, Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ St Francis of Assisi RC chapel ⋄ Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
RC deanery

1912 – 1921

administrator — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish (at the Vyborg Cemetery)Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
RC deanery

1911 – 1912

dean — Nyasvizhtoday: Nyasvizh dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.12.15]
RC deanery

1911 – 1912

parish priest — Nyasvizhtoday: Nyasvizh dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.12.15]
⋄ Corpus Christi RC parish ⋄ Slutsktoday: Slutsk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.22]
RC deanery

1909 – 1911

dean — Bykhawtoday: Bykhaw dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

1909 – 1911

parish priest — Bykhawtoday: Bykhaw dist., Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Rahachow / Bykhawdeanery names/seats
today: Belarus
RC deanery

1905 – 1909

parish priest — Dubrownatoday: Dubrowna dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
⋄ RC parish ⋄ Orshatoday: Orsha dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

1904 – 1905

chaplain — (Manchuria and the Ussurian Krai territory)today: northeastern China and Primorsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai in Russia ⋄ Imperial Russian Army

1902 – 1904

priest — Kazantoday: Kazan city reg., Tatarstan rep., Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.04]
⋄ RC parish — chaplain of the chapel and prefect in Penza

from 1897

administrator — Kamentoday: Ivyanets ssov., Valozhyn dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
RC deanery

1894 – 1897

vicar — Veliky Novgorodtoday: Novgorod oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish

1892 – 1893

vicar — Ludzatoday: Ludza mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish

1892

vicar — Veliky Novgorodtoday: Novgorod oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish

1886 – 1891

student — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary

others related
in death

ANDREKUSClick to display biography Constantine, AWGŁOClick to display biography Peter, BOROWIKClick to display biography John, FILIPPClick to display biography Adolph, JACZEJKOClick to display biography Anthony, JAROSZEWICZClick to display biography Stanislav, KASZCZYCClick to display biography Adolph, KAZIUNASClick to display biography Paul, PRYTUŁŁOClick to display biography Alexander, RAJKOClick to display biography Stanislav, CHODNIEWICZClick to display biography Paul, CHWIEĆKOClick to display biography Lucian, EJSMONTClick to display biography Stanislav, RUTKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, TROJGOClick to display biography John, WASILEWSKIClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‑called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‑1918) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislaus Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislaus Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Moscow (Lefortovo): Prison in Moscow where Russians held many political prisoners. During big purge of 1936‑1938 used for interrogations and torture. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.22]
)

Trial of 21—25.03.1923: Show trial against abp John Cieplakow, 14 Catholic priest and one lay Catholic held on 21‑25.03.1923 in Moscow accused of „participation in a counter–revolutionary organization aiming at counter–acting the decree on the separation of the church from the state”, of „incitement to rebellion by superstition”. The Russian prosecutor thundered: „Any movement directed against the Soviet government is counter–revolutionary and must be punished as such. For belonging to an organization whose essence I have explained, all defendants deserve the highest penalty”. And lo–and–behold abp Cieplak and Fr Budkiewicz were sentence to death, the others got from 6 months to 10 years of prison or slave labour. Fr Budkiewicz was murdered in prison. Abp Cieplak’s sentence was subsequently reduced to 10 months of slave labour and he was exchanged for Russian spies in Poland among whom was Bolesław Bierut, future first Russian governor in Commie‑Nazi Poland, conquered in 1945 by Russia. Most of the other accused were exchanged for Russian spies as well and went to Poland. At least five however did not return from prisons, concentration camps and exile, among them Fr Leonidas Fiodorov, first Greek–Catholic exarch in Russia, who in 2001 was beatified by pope St John Paul II. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.22]
)

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. Founded prob. in XVII century. In XIX century many Polish insurgents (Polish uprisings of 1831 and 1863) were held there. During Communist regime a place of internment for political prisoners prior to a transfer to Russian slave labour complex Gulag. During the Great Purge c. 20,000 inmates were held there at any time (c. 170 in every cell). Thousands were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.01]
)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, cyclowiki.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.sosnowiecfakty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.28]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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