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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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surname

RAJKO

forename(s)

Stanislaus (pl. Stanisław)

  • RAJKO Stanislaus - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAJKO Stanislaus
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

academic distinctions

Theology MA

date and place of death

27.08.1937

Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31

details of death

Arrested by the Russians on 13.02.1937 in Smolany n. Orsha in Belarus.

Held in Minsk prison.

Tortured.

Accused of espionage and membership of clandestine Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‑8).

On 25.08.1937 tried in Minsk by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”) — as part of a string of trials of c. 113 Poles — and sentenced to death. Murdered in a mass execution of at least 7 Catholic priests.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1873

Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokonstantynów rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1902

positions held

administrator {parish: Smolany}

c. 1935

administrator {parish: Witebsktoday: Vitebsk reg., Belarus, St Barbara}

from 1922

administrator {parish: Dzyhivkatoday: Yampil rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, Holy Spirit; dean.: Yampiltoday: Yampil rai., Vinnytsia obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
}

c. 1920

prefect {Skvyratoday: Skvyra rai., Kiev obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27
}

c. 1918

administrator {parish: Brusylivtoday: Brusyliv rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, Holy Spirit; dean.: Radomyshl'today: Radomyshl' rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20
}

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

till 1902

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ANDREKUSClick to display biography Constantine, AWGŁOClick to display biography Peter, BOROWIKClick to display biography John, FILIPPClick to display biography Adolph, JACZEJKOClick to display biography Anthony, JANUKOWICZClick to display biography Peter, JAROSZEWICZClick to display biography Stanislaus, KASZCZYCClick to display biography Adolph, KAZIUNASClick to display biography Paul, PRYTUŁŁOClick to display biography Alexander

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‑called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislaus Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislaus Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.03.14)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.17)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.12.20, katolicy1844.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.12.19, pl.radiovaticana.vaClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.05.09, christking.infoClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2018.09.02, www.ofiaryterroru.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02
bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2019.02.02

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