• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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surname

RAJKO

forename(s)

Stanislav (pl. Stanisław)

  • RAJKO Stanislav - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAJKO Stanislav
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Lutsk‐Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

academic distinctions

Sacred Theology MA

date and place
of death

27.08.1937

Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

Arrested by the Russians on 13.02.1937 in Smolany n. Orsha in Belarus.

Held in Minsk prison.

Tortured.

Accused of espionage and membership of clandestine Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‐1918).

On 25.08.1937 tried in Minsk by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as «NKVD Troika») — as part of a string of trials of c. 113 Poles — and sentenced to death.

Murdered in a mass execution of at least 7 Catholic priests.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

1873

Starokostiantynivtoday: Starokostiantyniv urban hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1902

positions held

c. 1937

administrator — Smolyanytoday: Smolyany ssov., Orsha dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Orshatoday: Orsha dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

c. 1935

administrator — Vitebsktoday: Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]
⋄ St Barbara and St Joseph Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Vitebsktoday: Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]
RC deanery

from 1922

administrator — Dzyhivkatoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv‐Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Holy Spirit RC parish ⋄ Yampiltoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv‐Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1920

prefect — Skvyratoday: Skvyra urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
⋄ St John of Nepomuk the Martyr RC parish ⋄ Skvyratoday: Skvyra urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1918

administrator — Brusylivtoday: Brusyliv hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Holy Spirit RC parish ⋄ Radomyshltoday: Radomyshl urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
RC deanery

c. 1910 – c. 1914

administrator — Verbovetstoday: Murovani Kurylivtsi hrom., Mohyliv‐Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‐Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1907

administrator — Vakhnivkatoday: Turbiv hrom., Vinnytsia rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Transfiguration of the Lord RC parish ⋄ Lypovets‐Berdychivdeanery name
today: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
RC deanery

c. 1905 – c. 1906

vicar — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Sophie RC cathedral church — c. 1905 resident, no formal position

c. 1904

prefect — Bila Tserkvatoday: Bila Tserkva urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St John the Baptist RC parish ⋄ Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
RC deanery

till c. 1902

student — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‐1918) — postgraduate specialised studies crowned with a Sacred Theology Master's degree

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

ANDREKUSClick to display biography Constantine, AWGŁOClick to display biography Peter, BOROWIKClick to display biography John, FILIPPClick to display biography Adolph, JACZEJKOClick to display biography Anthony, JANUKOWICZClick to display biography Peter, JAROSZEWICZClick to display biography Stanislav, KASZCZYCClick to display biography Adolph, KAZIUNASClick to display biography Paul, PRYTUŁŁOClick to display biography Alexander

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‐called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‐1918) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislav Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislav Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a «Polish operation» executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко‐просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: „Great Terror” (also «Great Purge», also called „Yezhovshchyna” after the name of the then head of the NKVD) — a Russian state action of political terror, planned and directed against millions of innocent victims — national minorities, wealthier peasants (kulaks), people considered opponents political, army officers, the greatest intensity of which took place from 09.1936 to 08.1938. It reached its peak starting in the summer of 1937, when Art. 58‐14 of the Penal Code about „counter‐revolutionary sabotage” was passed , which became the basis for the „legalization” of murders, and on 02.07.1937 when the highest authorities of Russia, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, issued a decree on the initiation of action against the kulaks. Next a number of executive orders of the NKVD followed, including No. 00439 of 25.07.1937, starting the liquidation of 25,000‐42,000 Germans living in Russia (mainly the so‐called Volga Germans); No. 00447 of 30.07.1937, beginning the liquidation of „anti‐Russian elements”, and No. 00485[2] of 11.08.1937, ordering the murder of 139,835 people of Polish nationality (the latter was the largest operation of this type — encompassed 12.5% of all those murdered during the «Great Purge», while Poles constituted 0.4% of the population). In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and ITL BelbaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‐called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‐called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Chervyen in a „death march” (10,000‐20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, katolicy1844.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, pl.radiovaticana.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, christking.infoClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, www.ofiaryterroru.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‐1939. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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