• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • CHWIEĆKO Lucian, source: cyclowiki.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHWIEĆKO Lucian
    source: cyclowiki.org
    own collection
  • CHWIEĆKO Lucian - 1935, Pinsk, source: polesie.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHWIEĆKO Lucian
    1935, Pinsk
    source: polesie.org
    own collection
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    source: pbc.biaman.pl
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  • CHWIEĆKO Lucian - Just before the Moscow trial, 1923, source: wikizaglebie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHWIEĆKO Lucian
    Just before the Moscow trial, 1923
    source: wikizaglebie.pl
    own collection

surname

CHWIEĆKO

surname
versions/aliases

CHWIEĆKA

forename(s)

Lucian (pl. Lucjan)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

academic distinctions

Sacred Theology MA

honorary titles

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

Minor Canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Pińsk cathedral)
honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Mogilev cathedral)

nationality

Belarusian

date and place
of death

28.04.1944

Stowbtsytoday: Stowbtsy dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.25]

alt. dates and places
of death

Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

details of death

From 10.1920 organizer and secretary of clandestine Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg.

Arrested by the Russians on 05.12.1922 but soon released.

Next director of the clandestine Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg.

10.03.1923 in Moscow arrested again by the Russians.

Tried in Abp Cieplak and his collaborators' process.

Russian prosecutor called for death penalty but on 26.03.1923 was sentenced — for participation in „counter–revolutionary organization created by Cieplak and Budkiewicz” — to 10 years of slave labour.

Exiled to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

On 01.02.1925 released and exchanged for Russian spies in Poland (among Russians sent to Russia was — according to some historians — Boleslaus Bierut, future leader of Commie–Nazi regime in Poland).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during German occupation, beaten up in 1944 (or 1943) by the Germans in Stołpce.

Perished in hospital in unknown circumstances.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

05.12.1889

Małyszówkatoday: part of Dąbrowa Białostocka, Dąbrowa Białostocka gm., Sokółka pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]

alt. dates and places
of birth

22.11.1889

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

31.05.1914

positions held

till c. 1944

parish priest {parish: Khotovtoday: Khotova, Derevno ssov., Stowbtsy dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.13]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus; dean.: Ivyanetstoday: Valozhyn dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1933 – 1939

treasurer {Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, Diocesan Curia}, also: vice–president of the Diocesan Economic Council and member of the Synodal Commission

c. 1933 – c. 1939

treasury officer / procurator {Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, St Thomas Aquinas' Theological Seminary}, also: professor and lecturer of pastoral theology and Belarusian language

c. 1933 – c. 1939

canon of the chapter {church: Pinsktoday: Pinsk dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

from 1932

parish priest {parish: Malye Shchitnikitoday: Novyye Lyshchitsy ssov., Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.21]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus; dean.: Brestform.: Brest on Bug (1923‑39), Brest–Litovsk (till 1923)
today: Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

c. 1932

parish priest {parish: Stavytoday: Voŭčyn ssov., Kamyenyets dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.13]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Brest on Bugform.: Brest–Litovsk /till 1923/
today: Brest, Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1926 – 1931

rector {Lublintoday: Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
, Mission Institute}

1925 – 1926

prefect {parish: Szymanówtoday: Teresin gm., Szymanów pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.03.16]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Sochaczewtoday: Sochaczew gm., Sochaczew pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.03.16]
}, also: chaplain of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM Congregation's general house

1919 – 1923

administrator {church: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia; procathedral}

1918 – 1919

vicar {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; procathedral}

1915 – 1918

professor {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, liturgy, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}, also: procurator / treasury officer

1915

vicar {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; procathedral}

priest {Gatchinatoday: Gatchina reg., Leningrad oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
}

priest {parish: Kolpinotoday: Kolpino reg., Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia}

priest {Pskovtoday: Pskov city reg., Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
}

1911 – 1915

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

1907 – 1911

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary}

activist {Byelorussian}

others related
in death

BUDKIEWICZClick to display biography Constantine Romualdo, CHODNIEWICZClick to display biography Paul, EJSMONTClick to display biography Stanislaus, JANUKOWICZClick to display biography Peter, RUTKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, TROJGOClick to display biography John, WASILEWSKIClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Trial of 21-25.03.1923: Show trial against abp John Cieplakow, 14 Catholic priest and one lay Catholic held on 21‑25.03.1923 in Moscow accused of „participation in a counter–revolutionary organization aiming at counter–acting the decree on the separation of the church from the state”, of „incitement to rebellion by superstition”. Abp Cieplak and Fr Budkiewicz were sentence to death, the others got from 6 months to 10 years of prison or slave labour. Fr Budkiewicz was murdered in prison. Abp Cieplak’s sentence was subsequently reduced to 10 months of slave labour and he was exchanged for Russian spies in Poland among whom was Bolesław Bierut, future first Russian governor in comi‑nazi Poland, conquered in 1945 by Russia. Most of the other accused were exchanged for Russian spies as well and went to Poland. At least five however did not return from prisons, concentration camps and exile, among them Fr Leonidas Fiodorov, first Greek–Catholic exarch in Russia, who in 2001 was beatified by pope John Paul II. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.22]
)

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. Founded prob. in XVII century. In XIX century many Polish insurgents (Polish uprisings of 1831 and 1863) were held there. During Communist regime a place of internment for political prisoners prior to a transfer to Russian slave labour complex Gulag. During the Great Purge c. 20,000 inmates were held there at any time (c. 170 in every cell). Thousands were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.01]
)

sources

personal:
blogmedia24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin, „Pinsk Diocese in Poland Clergy and Church Register”, Pinsk diocese bishop, 1933‑9, diocesan printing house,
original images:
cyclowiki.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, polesie.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.07.31]
, pbc.biaman.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, wikizaglebie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]

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