• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

  • TACZAK Theodore - 29.11.1938, Poznań, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    29.11.1938, Poznań
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TACZAK Theodore - 03.1937, Poznań, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    03.1937, Poznań
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TACZAK Theodore - 13.02.1916, cathedral, Gniezno, source: www.wbc.poznan.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    13.02.1916, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: www.wbc.poznan.pl
    own collection
  • TACZAK Theodore - 06.1931, Poznań, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    06.1931, Poznań
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TACZAK Theodore, source: www.facebook.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    source: www.facebook.com
    own collection
  • TACZAK Theodore - c. 1926, source: archiwum.allegro.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    c. 1926
    source: archiwum.allegro.pl
    own collection




Theodore (pl. Teodor)

  • TACZAK Theodore - Commemorative plaque, cemetery by the parish-fara, Śrem, source: www.sremfara.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTACZAK Theodore
    Commemorative plaque, cemetery by the parish-fara, Śrem
    source: www.sremfara.pl
    own collection


diocesan priest


Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)
more on: www.archpoznan.pl [access: 2012.11.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

Papal chamberlain
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22]
canon (Gniezno collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death


Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

details of death

During secondary education at a gymnasium in Ostrów Wielkopolski member of Polish secret self–educational Thomas Zan Society. Active participant and chaplain of the Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) Uprising of 1918‑9 (his brother was Uprising’s leader). After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, for the first time arrested by the Germans on 11.09.1939 and held as a hostage (in Gold Hall and Library Hall of the Old Town Hall, and next in Collegium Marianum building on Różana Str. in Poznań). Released on 30.10.1939. Arrested again on 09.11.1939, after confiscation by the Germans of St Martin church in Poznań and turning it into a stolen sacred artwork warehouse. Held in a transit camp in Poznań for people being forcibly deported from the new German „Warthegau” province (or in KL Posen — Fort VII — concentration camp) and next in Kazimierz Biskupi transit camp. From there in 05.1940 deported to German‑run General Governorate where perished.

cause of death




date and place of birth


Jarocin gm., Jarocin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/

19.03.1901 (Gniezno)

positions held

1930–1939 — parish priest {parish: Poznań, St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Poznań}
1930–1939 — priest {Poznań}, academic
1925–1930 — parish priest {parish: Śrem, Blessed Virgin Mary of the Assumption; dean.: Śrem}
1919–1925 — priest {Metz; France; Polish emigration}
vicar general {archdioc: Gniezno}
president {The Clerical Metropolitan Court; archdioc: Gniezno}
1911–1913 — editor {„Apologetic News”; issued in Poznań}, co–editor
from 1908 — professor {Gniezno, canon law, Theological Seminary}
1904–1908 — vicar {parish: Poznań, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Poznań}
1903 — vicar {parish: Sławoszew, St Sophie; dean.: Jarocin}
1903 — vicar {parish: Ostrów Wielkopolski, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Ostrów Wielkopolski}
1901–1903 — PhD student {Münster, theology, Wilhelm University of Westphalia (from 1907), Royal University of Theology and Philosophy (1902–1907), Royal Theological and Philosophical Academy (1843–1902); today Münster, North Rhine–Westphalia}
till 1901 — student {Gniezno, philosophy and theology, Practical Theological Seminary (Lat. Seminarium Clericorum Practicum)}
from 1897 — student {Poznań, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ADAMSKI Ignatius, BINEK Silvester, DĄBROWSKI Steven, DUDZIŃSKI Stanislaus, GIEBUROWSKI Vaclav Casimir, GRASZYŃSKI Alphonse, HAŁAS Anthony, HEYDUCKI Czeslav, KAŹMIERSKI Boleslaus, KRUSZKA Steven, MICHALSKI Stanislaus, PANEWICZ Roman, PANKOWSKI Peter Romualdo Casimir, ROSENBERG Louis, SOŁTYSIŃSKI Romualdo, ŚPIKOWSKI Marian, THEINERT Roman Sigismund, WIERZCHACZEWSKI Maximilian, WOLSKI Francis, ZWOLSKI Steven, BAJEROWICZ Adalbert Stanislaus, KANIEWSKI Zbigniew, NIKLEWICZ Czeslav Stanislaus, PACEWICZ Vaclav, STEINMETZ Paul, ZALEWSKI Edward

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Kazimierz Biskupi: As part of Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, a program aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia, the Germans set up an internment camp for altogether 42 Polish Catholic priests, mainly from Greater Poland (Wielkopolski) — activists of Catholic organizations, canons of the Poznań cathedral chapter, Dominican and Conventual Franciscan friars from Poznań — in the Missionary of the Holy Family (MSF) monastery, in Kazimierz Biskupi village, near Konin. The camp operated from 09.11.1939 to 26.08.1940. Some of the priests were released by Germans, the rest being transported to German concentration camps, where 8 of them perished. (more on: regionwielkopolska.pl [access: 2013.10.05])

KL Posen: German Posen — Fort VII — camp founded in c. 10.10.1939 in Poznań till mid of 11.1939 operated formally as KL Posen concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager), and this term is used throughout the White Book, also later periods. It was first such a concentration camp set up by the Germans on Polish territory — in case of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) directly incorporated into German Reich. In 10.1939 in KL Posen for the first time Germans used gas to murder civilian population, in particular patients of local psychiatric hospitals. From 11.1939 the camp operated as German political police Gestapo prison and transit camp (Germ. Übergangslager), prior to sending off to concentration camps, such as KL Dachau or KL Auschwitz. In 28.05.1941 the camp was rebranded as police jail and slave labour corrective camp (Germ. Arbeitserziehungslager). At its peak up to 7‑9 executions were carried in the camp per day, there were mass hangings of the prisoners and some of them were led out to be murdered elsewhere, outside of the camp. Altogether in KL Posen Germans exterminated approx. 20,000 inhabitants of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region, including many representatives of Polish intelligentsia, patients and staff of psychiatric hospitals and dozen or so Polish priests. Hundreds of priests were held there temporarily prior to transport to other concentration camps, mainly KL Dachau. From 03.1943 the camp had been transformed into an industrial complex (from 25.04.1944 — Telefunken factory manufacturing radios for submarines and aircrafts). (more on: www.wmn.poznan.pl [access: 2019.02.02], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.27])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.wmn.poznan.pl [access: 2019.02.02], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.27], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Greater Poland Uprising: Military insurrection of Poles living in Posen Provinz (Eng. Poznań province) launched against German Reich in 1918‑9 aiming to incorporate lands captured by Prussia during partitions of Poland in XVIII century into Poland, reborn in 1918. Started on 27.12.1918 in Poznań and finished with total Polish victory on 16.02.1919 by a ceasefire in Trier. Many Polish priests took part in the Uprising, both as chaplains of the insurgents units and members and leaders of the Polish agencies and councils set up in the areas covered by the Uprising. In 1939 after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World war those priests were particularly persecuted by the Germans and majority of them were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.08.14])

Thomas Zan Societies: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, in mutiny against enforced Germanisation and censure of Polish culture, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — mainly in Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) and later in Silesia. The first groups were formed in 1817. In 1897 a congress in Bydgoszcz was held when rules of clandestine activities were formulated. At other congress in Bydgoszcz in Poznań a „Red Rose” society was formed, heading all others groups in various gymnasiums and coordinating their activities. In 1900 „Red Rose” consolidated Philomaths organizations from Pomerania as well. After Toruń trial of Pomeranian Philomaths in Toruń Germans arrested 24 members of Thomas Zan Society from Gniezno. 21 of them were sentenced up to 6 weeks in prison and reprimands. All were relegated from schools without the right to continue education in secondary and higher schools in Prussia. Despite repression the Societies existed till 1918 and rebirth of Poland. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])


www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2013.08.10], www.archiwum.archidiecezja.pl [access: 2013.08.10], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.01.21]
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2016.03.14], audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2016.08.14], www.wbc.poznan.pl [access: 2016.08.14], audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2016.03.14], www.facebook.com [access: 2016.08.14], archiwum.allegro.pl [access: 2021.05.06], www.sremfara.pl [access: 2014.01.06]


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