• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • RDUCH Edward, source: www.skoczow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORDUCH Edward
    source: www.skoczow.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

RDUCH

forename(s)

Edward

  • RDUCH Edward - Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus church, Jastrzębie Zdrój, source: www.katowice.uw.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORDUCH Edward
    Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus church, Jastrzębie Zdrój
    source: www.katowice.uw.gov.pl
    own collection
  • RDUCH Edward - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORDUCH Edward
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Wrocław diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

29.05.1941

KL Gusen Iconcentration camp
today: n. St. Georgen an der Gusen, Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, Perg dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

During World War I drafted into Austro–Hungarian Empire’s army as chaplain (1915‑8) — in fact the schools in Skoczów were taken over by the army and turned into field hospitals.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation (Germans entered Skoczów on 02.09.1939), arrested on 20(24).04.1940 by the Germans in Skoczów, together with a few dozen of local Polish intelligentsia.

Jailed in Cieszyn prison and next prob. in EG Sosnowitz transit camp (or Katowice jail).

On 28.04.1940 in the 3rd transport of Polish priests covered by the Germ. Intelligenzaktion Schlesien extermination action, transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally on 05.06.1940 moved to KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps' complex — where slaved in quarries and where perished in the camp's infirmary.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

30.03.1885

Jastrzębie Górnetoday: part of Jastrzębie–Zdrój, Jastrzębie–Zdrój city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

21.07.1909 (Vidnavatoday: Jeseník dist., Olomouc reg., Czechia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
)

positions held

1930 – 1940

prefect {parish: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; People's and Faculty School for Boys (till 1933), Joseph Piłsudski's Primary School No 1 (from 1933); dean.: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
}, prob. also Ignatius Mościcki's Primary School No 2 (from 1933)

1929 – 1930

prefect {parish: Nowa Wieśtoday: district Wirek in Ruda Śląska, Ruda Śląska city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, St Lawrence and St Anthony from Padua; Teachers' Seminary for Women; dean.: Królewska Hutatoday: Chorzów /from 1934/, Chorzów city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1918 – 1929

prefect {parish: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; People's and Faculty School for Boys; dean.: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
}

1911 – 1915

prefect {parish: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; People's and Faculty School for Boys; dean.: Skoczówtoday: Skoczów gm., Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.13]
}

1913

vicar {parish: Świętochłowicetoday: Świętochłowice city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Mysłowicetoday: Mysłowice city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
}

1909 – 1911

vicar {parish: BludoviceZaolzie – Cieszyn Silesia
today: part of Havířov town, Karviná dist., Moravian–Silesian reg., Czechia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
, St Margaret; dean.: KarvináZaolzie – Cieszyn Silesia
today: Karviná dist., Moravian–Silesian reg., Czechia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

1905 – 1909

student {Vidnavatoday: Jeseník dist., Olomouc reg., Czechia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BARABASZClick to display biography John Nepomucene, CZEMPIELClick to display biography Joseph Matthew, DŁUGOSZClick to display biography Francis, DUDAClick to display biography Erwin, GALOCZClick to display biography Clement, HUWERClick to display biography Joseph, KAŁUŻAClick to display biography Charles, KLIMEKClick to display biography Peter, KORCZOKClick to display biography Anthony Nicodemus, KOSYRCZYKClick to display biography Louis, KRZYSTOLIKClick to display biography Stanislaus, KRZYŻANOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, KULAClick to display biography Joseph, MACHERSKIClick to display biography Francis, PAŹDZIORAClick to display biography Augustine, POJDAClick to display biography Adolph, POJDAClick to display biography John, RYGIELSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus (Fr Casimir), SIWEKClick to display biography Victor, SZNUROWACKIClick to display biography John, SZRAMEKClick to display biography Emil, ŚCIGAŁAClick to display biography Francis Xavier, WOJCIECHClick to display biography Conrad, WRZOŁClick to display biography Louis, ZIELIŃSKIClick to display biography Felix, ŻMIJClick to display biography Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Gusen I (prisoner no: 4449): „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

KL Mauthausen-Gusen: A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 6556Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

EG Sosnowitz: Germ. Polizei Ersatz Gefängnis in Sosnowitz (Eng. Police Substitute Prison Sosnowitz), was founded — on the grounds of Shoen manufacturing plant in Sosnowiec (then part of Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Eng. Silesia Province) — in 10.1939 and operated till 02.1941 (for some time it was prob. call Stalag–Stammlager Sosnowitz). Plant’s building were surrounded with barbed wire and guarded by units of German genocidal SS organisation. The first inmates were Poles, regarded as political prisoners. Altogether c. 1,500 prisoners were held there including c 1,000 Jews from Czech republic and Austria. Prisoners were brutally tortured and their shouts were drowned in music played by inmates on accordions. They slaved in various places in Sosnowiec. The bodies of the dead and murdered were buried at „Pekin” cemetery formerly belonging to town’s hospital (prob. c. 1,500 German murder victims were buried there). The others were transported to concentration camps KL Dachau, KL Ravensbruck and newly constructed KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.tysol.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.25]
)

Katowice (prison): Detention centre run by Germans and later, in 1945, took over by the Commie–Nazis.

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: A planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940, aiming at total Germanisation of the region. The relevant decree, no IV–D2–480/40, was issued by the RSHA, i.e. Germ. Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Eng. Reich Security Office), and signed by Heinrich Himmler or Reinhard Heydrich. Some of those arrested were murdered in mass executions, some were deported to the German–run General Governorate, and some were sent to concentration camps. The personal details of 3,047 people deported within two months of 1940 were established. Among the victims were 33 Catholic priests, 22 of whom perished in concentration camps (the clergy were sent — in 5 transports — first to KL Dachau, and then to KL Gusen, where they slaved in quarries). Altogether, the Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of the Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.encyklo.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.rybnik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.gedenkstaetten.atClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.10.04]
, jaspedia.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
,
original images:
www.skoczow.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.10.04]
, www.katowice.uw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]

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