• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • PECIAK Louis - 07.1935, on the banks of Prut river, Kołomyja, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPECIAK Louis
    07.1935, on the banks of Prut river, Kołomyja
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • PECIAK Louis, source: www.lwowiacy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPECIAK Louis
    source: www.lwowiacy.pl
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surname

PECIAK

forename(s)

Louis (pl. Ludwik)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

prelatemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Rochettum et Mantolettum canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

16.04.1943

KL Flossenbürgconcentration camp
today: n. Weiden in der Oberpfalz, Upper Palatinate reg., Bavaria, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20

alt. dates and places of death

Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16

KL Lublinconcentration camp
today: Majdanek–Lublin, Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation — as an outcome of German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians — helped, among others, the Jews issuing birth certificates for them.

Sheltered his nephew hunted by the Germans (later member of the resistance Home Army AK, part of the Polish Clandestine State, after German defeat anti–Communist partisan, till 1967 Commie–Nazi prisoner).

Arrested by German Gestapo on 11.11.1942, together with his vicar, Fr Romuald Chłopecki, and prefect, Fr Adalbert Kośmider, denounced by Ukrainian nationalists.

Jailed in Kolomyia prison and next in Brygidki prison in Lviv.

On 08.02.1943 transported to KL Lublin (Majdanek) concentration camp.

Finally on 31.03.1943 transported to KL Flossenbürg concentration camp where perished.

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered in Lviv prison.

According to yet another perished in German KL Lublin (Majdanek) concentration camp.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

13.08.1889

Skrzętla-Rojówkatoday: Łososina Dolna gm., Nowy Sącz pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28

alt. dates and places of birth

Rijówkatoday: Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

07.1918

positions held

c. 1935 – 1942

dean {dean.: Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31
}

1933 – 1942

parish priest {parish: Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31
; archdioc: Lviv}

c. 1932 – c. 1933

vicar {parish: Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Lviv intra Urbemdeanery name
today: Lviv obl., Ukraine
}, also: prefect: Mary Konopnicka's school /c. 1932‑3/ and King Casimir's school /c. 1933/

c. 1930 – c. 1931

administrator {parish: Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20
}

c. 1922 – c. 1930

vicar {parish: Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20
}, senior of vicars /c. 1930/, also prefect: incl. St Hedwig's Public School /c. 1925/, St Aloysius's School /c. 1928‑31/ and Mary Konopnicka's School /c. 1928‑31/

1912 – 1918

student {Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

CHŁOPECKIClick to display biography Romualdo, KOŚMIDERClick to display biography Adalbert, ARCHUTOWSKIClick to display biography Roman, KAŚCIŃSKIClick to display biography Leopold, KOWCZClick to display biography Emilian, KOZŁOWSKIClick to display biography Valery, LESZCZYKClick to display biography Anthony, MODRZEWSKAClick to display biography Hedwig Joanna Gabrielle, NIEROSTEKClick to display biography Joseph, OSIKOWICZClick to display biography Andrew, TROCHAClick to display biography Peter (Bro. Adalbert Marian)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 14895): German concentration camp, founded in 05.1938, where a total of approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. In 1942 it became the „mother camp” for many external commandos and sub‑camps whose prisoners worked as slaves for the needs of the German arms industry. On 09.04.1945 Germans executed in the camp several people related to 20.07.1944 assassination plot on Hitler, including Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. On 20.04.1945, facing the approach of the Allied troops, about 22,000 prisoners were marched out in the so–called „Death March” to KL Dachau. Over 7,000 perished along the way. The camp was liberated on 23.04.1945 by American troops. In total, 30,000–77,000 prisoners died in the camp, including up to 17,000. Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2021.05.20)

KL Lublin (Majdanek): Operational in 1941‑4, in Majdanek village n. Lublin, German concentration and „death” camp. Prisoners were not only local, from Lublin region, but from all over pre–war Poland and from abroad. Most of them were Jewish, but also member of Polish clandestine resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State), Polish intelligentsia, Russian POWs, inhabitants of Zamość area evicted by the Germans, people captured in round–ups in Polish towns and cities. 6% of the prisoners were children 14 years old and younger. Prisoners slaved at c. 16 sub–camps working for German companies, such as Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW). Altogether c. 150,000 people were held in the camp. C. 79,000 victims were murdered, among them c. 59,000 Jews. The camp was equipped with 5 gas chambers, where prisoners were mass murdered, using gas from bottles or from capsules of Zyklon B. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.10)

Kołomyja: Detention centre run by Germans.

Lviv (Brygidki): Penal prison. In 1939‑41 Russians kept thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles. In 06.1941 after German invasion Russians murdered few thousands of them in a mass massacre. In 1941‑4 the prison was run by the Germans. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2014.09.21)

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.08.31)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.12.04)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.09.30)

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2013.01.06, www.sprawiedliwi.org.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2015.04.18
bibliograhical:, „Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005, „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007, „Schematismus Universi Saecularis et Regularis Cleri Archi Diaeceseos Metropol. Leopol. Rit. Lat.”, Lviv Metropolitan Curia, from 1860 till 1938,
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2016.11.06, www.lwowiacy.plClick to attempt to display webpageaccess: 2020.07.31

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