• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KOŚMIDER Adalbert, source: www.wbc.poznan.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOŚMIDER Adalbert
    source: www.wbc.poznan.pl
    own collection

surname

KOŚMIDER

forename(s)

Adalbert (pl. Wojciech)

  • KOŚMIDER Adalbert - Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen, source: img.iap.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOŚMIDER Adalbert
    Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen
    source: img.iap.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

Expositorii Canonicalis canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

date and place
of death

12.04.1944

KL Groß‐Rosenconcentration camp
today: Rogoźnica, Strzegom gm., Świdnica pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.02.02]

alt. dates and places
of death

11.09.1943

details of death

Till 1939, while ministering in Kolomyia, was also a chaplain of the local garrison of the Polish Army and the 49th Hutsul Rifle Regiment stationed there.

After the German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and the start of World War II, after the start of the Russian occupation, organized help to Polish soldiers attempting to get across the border to Romania or Hungary.

After the German attack on 22.06.1941 on their erstwhile allies, the Russians, and the start of the German occupation, organized help for the Jews in the ghetto, e.g. smuggling food and helping to issue false baptismal certificates.

Arrested on 11.11.1942 by the German Gestapo political police, together with the Kolomyia parish priest, Fr Louis Peciak and the vicar, Fr Romuald Chłopecki — who also participated in the help for Jews — on the basis of a denunciation from the Ukrainian police.

Held in the prison in Kolomyia, from where was transported prob. to the prison in Stanislaviv, and from there to the prison in Lviv.

On 08.02.1943 transported to KL Lublin (Majdanek) concentration camp.

Then, on 31.03.1943‐02.04.1943, moved to KL Flossenbürg concentration camp, and from there, on 23.05.1943, to KL Groß‐Rosen concentration camp, where perished.

cause of death

extermination: murder / exhaustion

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

27.03.1885

Krzeczówtoday: Lubień gm., Myślenice pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

alt. dates and places
of birth

17.03.1885

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

30.06.1912 (Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
)

positions held

c. 1930 – 1939

prefect — Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ Thaddeus Kościuszko's elementary School for Boys and Queen Hedwig's elementary School for Girls ⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
RC deanery

c. 1924 – 1930

prefect — Peremyshlianytoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Svirzhtoday: Bibrka urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.15]
RC deanery

1921 – c. 1923

vicar — Peremyshlianytoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC parish ⋄ Svirzhtoday: Bibrka urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.15]
RC deanery

1919 – 1921

administrator — Zhabintsitoday: Vasilkyvtsi hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Chortkivtoday: Chortkiv urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1913 – 1919

vicar — Khorostkivtoday: Khorostkiv hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
⋄ St Joseph Calasanz RC parish ⋄ Terebovlyatoday: Terebovlya urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1912 – 1913

vicar — Khomikivkatoday: part of Kosiv village, Bilobozhnytsya hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Anthony of Padua RC parish ⋄ Chortkivtoday: Chortkiv urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1908 – 1912

student — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary

others related
in death

CHŁOPECKIClick to display biography Romualdo, PECIAKClick to display biography Louis, BŁĄDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, BOGACZClick to display biography Adalbert, CAGClick to display biography Joseph, CAPClick to display biography Alexander, CHMIELNICKIClick to display biography Sigismund, DRYGASClick to display biography Francis, DRYGASClick to display biography John, GRYŹLAKClick to display biography Anthony, JĘDRAClick to display biography Martin, KRAJEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, LEŃKOClick to display biography Joseph, ŁUKOWIAKClick to display biography Anthony, PLUCIŃSKIClick to display biography Valentine, PYKOSZClick to display biography John, SAROSIEKClick to display biography Witold, STOPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SZMERGALSKIClick to display biography Simon, WĄDRZYKClick to display biography Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZClick to display biography Leo, ŻUREKClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Groß‐Rosen (prisoner no: 10045): Groß‐Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL, founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.07.18]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
)

KL Flossenbürg: German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL, founded in 05.1938, where a total of approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. In 1942 it became the „mother camp” for many external commandos and sub‐camps whose prisoners worked as slaves for the needs of the German arms industry. On 09.04.1945 Germans executed in the camp several people related to 20.07.1944 assassination plot on Hitler, including Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. On 20.04.1945, facing the approach of the Allied troops, about 22,000 prisoners were marched out in the so‐called „Death March” to KL Dachau. Over 7,000 perished along the way. The camp was liberated on 23.04.1945 by American troops. In total, 30,000‐77,000 prisoners died in the camp, including up to 17,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.05.20]
)

KL Lublin (Majdanek) (prisoner no: 12358): Operational in 1941‐1944, in Majdanek village n. Lublin, German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. concentration camp) KL and „death” camp. Prisoners were not only local, from Lublin region, but from all over pre‐war Poland and from abroad. Most of them were Jewish, but also member of Polish clandestine resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State), Polish intelligentsia, Russian POWs, inhabitants of Zamość area evicted by the Germans, people captured in round‐ups in Polish towns and cities. 6% of the prisoners were children 14 years old and younger. Prisoners slaved at c. 16 sub‐camps working for German companies, such as Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW). Altogether c. 150,000 people were held in the camp. C. 79,000 victims were murdered, among them c. 59,000 Jews. The camp was equipped with 5 gas chambers, where prisoners were mass murdered, using gas from bottles or from capsules of Zyklon B. (more on: www.majdanek.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Lviv (Brygidki): Penal prison, then at 34 Kazimierzowska Str. in Lviv — in the buildings of the former monastery of the Order of St Brigid, in 1784 — after the first partition of Poland and after the dissolution of the religious orders as part of the so—called Josephine dissolutions — converted by the partitioning Austrian authorities into a prison. In 1939‐1941, the Russians held there thousands of prisoners, most of them Poles. On c. 26.06.1941, in the face of the German invasion and attack of their erstwhile ally, the Russians, during a panic escape (the left Lviv exactly on 26.06.1941), genocideally murdered several thousand prisoners. In 1941‐1944 the prison was run by the Germans and mass murders of Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian civilians took place there. After start of another Russian occupation in 1941 prison in which the executions were carried out on prisoners sentenced to death. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Stanislaviv: Prison used by the Russians (in 1939‐1941 — in 06.1941, when escaping from advancing Germans, Russians perpetrated a mass murder on prison inmates — and from 1944); the Germans (in 1941‐1944); and again by the Russian occupiers after replacing Germans in 1944. Thousands of Poles were jailed there. (more on: stanislawow.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, stanislawow.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
)

Kołomyja: Detention center in the years 1939‐1941 — after the outbreak of World War II — and after 1944 managed by the Russian occupier. The genocidal NKVD „extorted confessions through torture, such as beating with hard and sharp instruments, as well as kicking and pushing down stairs”. In the years 1941‐1944 managed by the German occupier.

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
, www.gross-rosen.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.straty.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.wbc.poznan.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]

bibliographical:
Schematismus Universi Saecularis et Regularis Cleri Archi Diaeceseos Metropol. Leopol. Rit. Lat.”, Lviv Metropolitan Curia, from 1860 till 1938
Mysterium iniquitatis. Clergy and religious of the Latin rite murdered by Ukrainian nationalists in 1939‐1945”, Fr Józef Marecki, Institute of National Remembrance IPN, Kraków 2020
original images:
www.wbc.poznan.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, img.iap.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: KOŚMIDER Adalbert

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