• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KAŚCIŃSKI Leopold - 1934, Śniatyń, source: wiki.ormianie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAŚCIŃSKI Leopold
    1934, Śniatyń
    source: wiki.ormianie.pl
    own collection

surname

KAŚCIŃSKI

surname
versions/aliases

KOŚCIŃSKI

forename(s)

Leopold

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

Rochettum et Mantolettum canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Expositorii Canonicalis canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

„Cross of Independence”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.02.02]

Lviv Defense Cross

date and place
of death

23.03.1943

KL Lublinconcentration camp
today: Majdanek–Lublin, Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

06—14.11.1942

details of death

In 1918‑1920 participant of the defence of Lviv, prob. first during Ukrainian aggression in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑1919, and then during Russian invasion in Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1920.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, cooperated with the armed arm of the Polish Clandestine State, the pro–independence Home Army AK. Organised and conducted clandestine teaching of Polish youth. Extended help and support to several Jewish families.

Arrested by the Germans — after the denunciations by the Ukrainian police and the local Greek Catholic catechist, Fr Proc (although the Greek Catholic parish priest, Fr Oreńczuk, had been warning him) — during a systematic action against Polish intelligentsia in Śniatyń and vicinity starting on 06.11.1942.

In 12.1942 transported to KL Lublin (Majdanek) concentration camp where perished — parcels sent to the inmate arrived at the camp at 18.02.1943–11.05.1943.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

09.10.1873

Bilyi Kamintoday: Zolochiv urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.31]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

09.07.1899 (Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
)

positions held

c. 1925 – 1942

dean — Horodenkatoday: Horodenka urban hrom., Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.22]
RC deanery

1914 – 1942

parish priest — Sniatyntoday: Sniatyn urban hrom., Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.22]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Horodenkatoday: Horodenka urban hrom., Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.22]
RC deanery

1911 – 1914

vicar — Berezhanytoday: Berezhany urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Berezhanytoday: Berezhany urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
RC deanery

1910 – 1911

administrator — Halychtoday: Halych urban hrom., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1903 – 1910

vicar — Halychtoday: Halych urban hrom., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1899 – 1903

vicar — Voinylivtoday: Voinyliv hrom., Kalush rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Dolynatoday: Dolyna urban hrom., Kalush rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
RC deanery

1895 – 1899

student — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary

others related
in death

ARCHUTOWSKIClick to display biography Roman, CHŁOPECKIClick to display biography Romualdo, KOWCZClick to display biography Emilian, KOZŁOWSKIClick to display biography Valery, LESZCZYKClick to display biography Anthony, MODRZEWSKAClick to display biography Hedwig Joanna Gabrielle, NIEROSTEKClick to display biography Joseph, OSIKOWICZClick to display biography Andrew, PECIAKClick to display biography Louis, TROCHAClick to display biography Peter (Bro. Adalbert Marian)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Lublin (Majdanek): Operational in 1941‑1944, in Majdanek village n. Lublin, German concentration and „death” camp. Prisoners were not only local, from Lublin region, but from all over pre–war Poland and from abroad. Most of them were Jewish, but also member of Polish clandestine resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State), Polish intelligentsia, Russian POWs, inhabitants of Zamość area evicted by the Germans, people captured in round–ups in Polish towns and cities. 6% of the prisoners were children 14 years old and younger. Prisoners slaved at c. 16 sub–camps working for German companies, such as Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW). Altogether c. 150,000 people were held in the camp. C. 79,000 victims were murdered, among them c. 59,000 Jews. The camp was equipped with 5 gas chambers, where prisoners were mass murdered, using gas from bottles or from capsules of Zyklon B. (more on: www.majdanek.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—1919: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]

bibliographical:
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Schematismus Universi Saecularis et Regularis Cleri Archi Diaeceseos Metropol. Leopol. Rit. Lat.”, Lviv Metropolitan Curia, from 1860 till 1938
Mysterium iniquitatis. Clergy and religious of the Latin rite murdered by Ukrainian nationalists in 1939‑1945”, Fr Józef Marecki, Institute of National Remembrance IPN, Kraków 2020
original images:
wiki.ormianie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.03.11]

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MARTYROLOGY: KAŚCIŃSKI Leopold

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