St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Vladislav (pl. Władysław)
Theodore (pl. Teodor)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)more on
diocese / province
date and place of death
alt. dates and places of death
Kalisztoday: Kalisz city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
Sieradztoday: Sieradz urban gm., Sieradz pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
AL Zweibrückensub–camp of KL Hinzert concentration camp
today: Zweibrücken, Rhineland–Palatinate state, Germany
KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany
details of death
After German and Russian invasion in 09.1939 of Poland and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, found himself in Kalisz monastery — in Warthegau province, set up by the Germans in German occupied Greater Poland and directly incorporated into Germany.
There started collaboration clandestine National Fighting Organization NOB (part of larger Polish Clandestine State), with full knowledge and support of Fr Julian Stephen Marian Mirochna, Kalisz monastery guardian.
During German round–ups of members of NOB (from 12.1940 in Poznań, from 02.1941 in Kalisz) arrested on 28.02.1941 with other 3 friars residing in Kalisz monastery: Bro Francis Makowski, Bro Joseph Możejko and Fr Henry Herbich.
Held in Kalisz prison.
On 17.10.1941 together with Bro Francis Makowski and Bro Joseph Możejko sentenced by German summary court (Sondergericht) in Kalisz to two years in prison.
Prob. in 11.1941 moved to Sieradz prison.
Perished (possibly executed) in an unknown circumstances.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Gostyczynatoday: Nowe Skalmierzyce gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
others related in death
BINIEWICZClick to display biography John, GOŁĘBIOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, GORAJECKIClick to display biography Michael, HERBICHClick to display biography Henry Joseph Adam, ŁOPUSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir Roman, MAKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis (Bro. Simon), MIROCHNAClick to display biography Steven Marian (Fr Julian), MOŻEJKOClick to display biography Joseph (Bro. Albert Mary), NIEWĘGŁOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, NOWACKIClick to display biography Octavian Mieczyslav Boleslaus, ŚWIEŻEWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, ZABOROWICZClick to display biography Stanislaus, ZAWADZKIClick to display biography Joseph
camps (+ prisoner no)
Sieradz: Prison in Sieradz was built by the Russian occupational authorities in 1836. In 1939, after the capture of Sieradz on 05.09.1939 and the start of the German occupation, the Germans initially organized in the prison a POW camp for Polish soldiers. C. 3,000 prisoners were held in the place adapted to c. 1,100 prisoners. The prison became then the superior unit over the prisons and jails established by the Germans in the Sieradz region in 1940‑3, one of the largest in the Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland province (Eng. Reichsgau Wartheland). The prison was successively called Germ. Justizhaus (Eng. house of justice), Germ. Zuchthaus, Germ. Strafanstalt (Eng. prison), Germ. Strafanstalt Schieratz —name Germ. Stammlager (Eng. main camp) was also used. In total, in 1940‑5, c. 18,000 people were held in overcrowded cells, with or without a court sentence. Much more than 968 prisoners known by name and surname died (the highest death rate was recorded between 03‑10.1942 — 4‑5 a day). (more on: dlibra.bg.ajd.czest.pl:8080Click to attempt to display webpage
KL Hinzert: German concentration camp in Rhineland–Palatinate in Germany, b. Hinzert–Pölert village, operational in 1939‑45. Altogether c. 13,600 prisoners, from many European countries, were held there — and its c. 20 sub–camps. For some of them the camp were used as a transit stop prior to being sent to other camps. Some slaved at motorways’ construction, airports’ maintenance, drainage of swamps and forests’ clearances. C. 200 perished, including c. 41 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
KL Dachau: KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Kalisz: Prison for men and women built in 1840‑6, during the Russian occupation. It consisted of c. 120 individual cells. After the outbreak of World War II and start of German occupation, it was a pre‑trial detention center and a prison administered by the German Gestapo Secret Political Police. Mainly Poles, but also Germans, including those considered to be political prisoners (members of the Polish resistance movement), were held there. Inmates — if they were not murdered as a result of torture or sentenced to death — were next transported to concentration camps. The prison was overcrowded — e.g. on 30.04.1943, 422 men and 126 women were held there. The prisoners were tortured — c. 700 people were murdered in total (shot, hanged, and those who died as a result of torture and diseases). After the German defeat and the start of the Russian occupation, the prison was run by the Commie–Nazi UB, a unit of the genocidal Russian MGB. In 12.1952, 599 people were detained there — some of them soldiers of the clandestine Greater Poland Independent Volunteer Group WARTA and the NSZ, as well as pre—war Polish policemen, and young high school students opposing the Russian occupation. (more on: sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
03.1941 arrests (Kalisz): In 02‑03.1941 in Kalisz and vicinity Germans conducted mass arrests of Poles (c. 400 people), under the pretext of a beating of German policeman local Polish population was blamed of. Among the apprehended were people (c. 85) suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance National Unity Organisation OJN, belonging to National Fighting Organization NOB (part of Polish Clandestine State). Among those arrested on 04‑06.03.1941 were at least 9 priests and 4 religious friars and many of their parishioners. At least two of them were subsequently tried by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) and sentenced to death. 204 prisoners among whom 65 were linked to OJN activities were on 02.05.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Only 34 survived. All the arrested priests and friars perished. In retribution Germans prohibited activities of Conventual Franciscans in Warthegau province (Greater Poland). (more on: www.info.kalisz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
www.ksiegazmarlych.franciszkanie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
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