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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam - c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHERBICH Henry Joseph Adam
    c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam - c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHERBICH Henry Joseph Adam
    c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam - c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHERBICH Henry Joseph Adam
    c. 02.05.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.auschwitz.org)
    own collection

surname

HERBICH

forename(s)

Henry Joseph Adam (pl. Henryk Józef Adam)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad (Christ Fathers - SChr)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

30.09.1942

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World left together with co‑friars and novitiate Potulice Congregation's motherhouse — where Germans set up later UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp.

After start of German occupation returned to Kalisz to his family.

There (or in Poznań) during arrests — in Warthegau province, set up by the Germans in German occupied Greater Poland and directly incorporated into Germany — of members of clandestine National Fighting Organization NOB (from 12.1940 in Poznań, from 02.1941 in Kalisz) arrested on c. 28.02.1941 together with other 3 friars residing in Kalisz Franciscan monastery: Bro Vladislaus Bartczak, Bro Francis Makowski and Fr Joseph Możejko.

Held in Kalisz prison.

Next on 02.05.1941 moved to KL Auschwitz concentration camp.

Finally on 03‑05.06.1942 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

alt. details of death

The transport he was brought to KL Auschwitz prob. also included prisoners from EtG Radegast Gestapo prison.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

14.10.1910

Kalisztoday: Kalisz city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]

alt. dates and places
of birth

15.10.1910

religious vows

1938 (temporary)
29.09.1942 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

23.06.1935

positions held

1938 – 1939

friar {Gnieznotoday: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, House of Philosophical Studies, Society of Christ for Polish Migrants SChr}, prefect of the clerics

01.09.1937 – 1938

novitiate {Potulicetoday: Nakło nad Notecią gm., Nakło nad Notecią pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Motherhouse, Society of Christ for Polish Migrants SChr}

21.08.1937

accession {Potulicetoday: Nakło nad Notecią gm., Nakło nad Notecią pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Motherhouse, Society of Christ for Polish Migrants SChr}

1937

vicar {parish: Zagórówtoday: Zagórów gm., Słupca pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Słupcatoday: Słupca gm., Słupca pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1937

prefect {parish: Kleczewtoday: Kleczew gm., Konin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St Andrew the Apostle; elementary school; dean.: Słupcatoday: Słupca gm., Słupca pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1936

vicar {parish: Giżycetoday: Grabów nad Prosną gm., Ostrzeszów pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
, Transfiguration of the Lord; dean.: South Kaliszdeanery name
today: Kalisz city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
}

1935 – 1936

prefect {parish: Ślesintoday: Ślesin gm., Konin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor and Good Shepherd; elementary school; dean.: Konintoday: Konin city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
}

1930 – 1935

student {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related
in death

BARTCZAKClick to display biography Vladislav (Bro. Theodore), BINIEWICZClick to display biography John, GOŁĘBIOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, GORAJECKIClick to display biography Michael, ŁOPUSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir Roman, MAKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis (Bro. Simon), MIROCHNAClick to display biography Steven Marian (Fr Julian), MOŻEJKOClick to display biography Joseph (Bro. Albert Mary), NIEWĘGŁOWSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus, NOWACKIClick to display biography Octavian Mieczyslav Boleslaus, ŚWIEŻEWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, ZABOROWICZClick to display biography Stanislaus, ZAWADZKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 30292Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. The priests were forced to slave labor in the Germ. „Die Plantage” — the largest herb garden in Europe, managed by the genocidal SS, consisting of many greenhouses, laboratory buildings and arable land, where experiments with new natural medicines were conducted — for many hours, without breaks, without protective clothing, no food. They slaved in construction, e.g. of camp's crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 15230Click to display biography): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

EtG Radegast: Resettlement camp (as part of German resettlement „program” for Poles in 1939), then co–functioning with transit–concentration camp (during genocidal German Intelligenzaktion Litzmannstadt in 1939‑40), finally changed into Germ. Erweitertes Polizeigefängnis (Eng. Expanded Police prison), in Radogoszcz n. Łódź, operational from 1939 till 1945, for Poles from Łódź region. Probably in excess of 40,000 people were held there. For religious this was a transit camp before transfer to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Kalisz: Prison for men and women built in 1840‑6, during the Russian occupation. It consisted of c. 120 individual cells. After the outbreak of World War II and start of German occupation, it was a pre‑trial detention center and a prison administered by the German Gestapo Secret Political Police. Mainly Poles, but also Germans, including those considered to be political prisoners (members of the Polish resistance movement), were held there. Inmates — if they were not murdered as a result of torture or sentenced to death — were next transported to concentration camps. The prison was overcrowded — e.g. on 30.04.1943, 422 men and 126 women were held there. The prisoners were tortured — c. 700 people were murdered in total (shot, hanged, and those who died as a result of torture and diseases). After the German defeat and the start of the Russian occupation, the prison was run by the Commie–Nazi UB, a unit of the genocidal Russian MGB. In 12.1952, 599 people were detained there — some of them soldiers of the clandestine Greater Poland Independent Volunteer Group WARTA and the NSZ, as well as pre—war Polish policemen, and young high school students opposing the Russian occupation. (more on: sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.17]
)

03.1941 arrests (Kalisz): In 02‑03.1941 in Kalisz and vicinity Germans conducted mass arrests of Poles (c. 400 people), under the pretext of a beating of German policeman local Polish population was blamed of. Among the apprehended were people (c. 85) suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance National Unity Organisation OJN, belonging to National Fighting Organization NOB (part of Polish Clandestine State). Among those arrested on 04‑06.03.1941 were at least 9 priests and 4 religious friars and many of their parishioners. At least two of them were subsequently tried by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) and sentenced to death. 204 prisoners among whom 65 were linked to OJN activities were on 02.05.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Only 34 survived. All the arrested priests and friars perished. In retribution Germans prohibited activities of Conventual Franciscans in Warthegau province (Greater Poland). (more on: www.info.kalisz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Lebrechtsdorf (Potulice): In the autumn of 1939 after invasion of Poland Germans — i.e. „East” branch of Treuhandanstalt, Main Trust Office — took over the Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad Congregation’s house in Potulice, following eviction of all remaining friars. Initially the estate was given to SS unit and SS non–commissioned officer's school was set up. In 1940 the estate was taken over by Resettlement Headquarters in Gdańsk and used as a transit camp for Poles prior to deportation to General Governorate. In 1941 the camp was made a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp. From 01.02.1942 it was made an independent UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp for Poles. Till 1945 more than 1,297 Poles perished there, most of them children. After German defeat and end of II World War hostilities the Commie–Nazi authorities set up there Central Labour Camp for Germans. From overall population of c. 34,932 German prisoners c. 4,495 perished, including many children and elderly. From 1950 the buildings were used a prison for Polish political prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
michaelstanislaus.salon24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.06.01]
, www3.tchr.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.10.04]
, docplayer.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.10.04]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947,
original images:
www.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, www.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, www.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]

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MARTYROLOGY: HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam

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