• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • PĘZA Alexander, source: grajewiak.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    source: grajewiak.pl
    own collection
  • PĘZA Alexander, source: slideplayer.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    source: slideplayer.pl
    own collection
  • PĘZA Alexander, source: slideplayer.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    source: slideplayer.pl
    own collection

surname

PĘZA

forename(s)

Alexander (pl. Aleksander)

  • PĘZA Alexander - Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża-45, cathedral, Łomża, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża-45, cathedral, Łomża
    source: own collection
  • PĘZA Alexander - Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża
    source: own collection
  • PĘZA Alexander - Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPĘZA Alexander
    Commemorative plaque for priests and seminarians from Łomża diocese who perished in 1939-45, cathedral, Łomża
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Łomża diocese
more on: www.kuria.lomza.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

„Cross of Valour”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

15.07.1943

Kosówka forest
Rajgród gm., Grajewo pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of death

15.08.1941

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation — Grajewo was captured by the Germans on 07.09.1939 but on 28.09.1939 was handed over to the Russians in accordance with Ribbentrop–Molotov accords — clandestinely educated, together with his parish priest, Fr Stanislaus Wyszyński, children and youth. Organised resistance (the genocidal NKVD started investigation of both clerics under „Bell” name, accusing them of „ encouraging young people to join insurgent units and conduct armed struggle against the occupant”). After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, active as chaplain of the clandestine Polish resistance organization Armed Struggle Union ZWZ, reformed into Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) under nom‑de‑guerre „Falcon”. Was also chaplain of one of Polish partisan units. Helped in hiding Jews (among them Dr Sigismund/Zalmon Szejtelman). Arrested by the Germans in 06.1943 after publicly calling to refuse to participate in anti‑Jewish provocations. Murdered in a mass execution with a number of victims from Grajewo — part of German extermination plan of Polish intelligentsia of Białystok region, called Black July 1943.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

16.02.1910

Porośl-Kije
Wysokie Mazowieckie pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.05.1937 (Łomża)

positions held

1938–1943 — vicar {parish: Grajewo}
prefect {Grajewo, Public Primary School}
1937–1938 — vicar {parish: Lachowo}
1932–1937 — student {Łomża, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

WYSZYŃSKI Stanislaus, BESZTA-BOROWSKI Anthony, BURAK Mark, KLIMCZAK Michael Eugene (Fr Dennis), KOCHANOWSKI Felix, KOZŁOWSKI Joseph, KUŹMICKI Witold, OLSZEWSKI Louis, OPIATOWSKI Henry, PŁOŃSKI Joseph, ROSZAK Edmund, RUTKOWSKI Bronislaus, SKOKOWSKI Justin, SZULC Joseph, SZYPIŁŁO Casimir

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Kosówka forest: In the forest n. Prostki and Bogusze, c. 5 km from Grajewo — not far from a series of POW camps set up after German attack on 21.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians (Stalag I E, Stalag I F/Z, Stalag I B/PR, Stalag 373 and Oflag 56) — Germans during genocidal extermination of Polish intelligentsia known as „black July 1943” murdered on 15.07.1943 in a mass execution approx. 150 Poles. Among them were member of Polish resistance movement (part of Polish Clandestine State). The „Kosówka” forest was also a place of mass murders of aforementioned POWs. Also later a number of mass murders took place there, among others on 20.01.1945 when c. 120 Poles were executed there. (more on: historialomzy.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Black July 1943: On 20.05.1943 East Prussia German Gaulaiter, Erich Koch, nominated Otton Helwig a new German commander of SS und Polizeiführer (Eng. SS and police commander) of Bezirk (Eng. region) Białystok. He immediately initiated a pacification action ostensibly targeted at Polish partisans. The real aim was intimidation of the Poles from Białystok region and extermination of its leading classes. Herbert Zimmermann, security police and SD commanded, deputy commander of Einsatzgruppen SS (Eng. Operational Groups) for Germ. Bezirk (district) Bialystok, issued an order to arrest and execute 19 people, physicians, barristers, city staff and teacher, including their families, in each all county cities of the district. On 10.07.1943 a „Commando Müller” (from the surname of its murderous commander, prob. Hermann Müller), consisting of Belarus support batallion, Lithuanian units dressed in German uniforms, German Gendarmerie and police and German Gestapo members, perpetrated a series of mass murders in various places in Bezirk Białystok (including its Łomża and Grodno regions). In 07.1943 Germans murdered more than 1,000 people (prob. near 2,000). On 15.07.1943 only in all county seats of Bezirk Bialystok at least 9 local Polish intelligentsia families, including women, children and old were selected and murdered. Among the victims were many priests: in executions in Pilice forest, Wiszownik forest, Kosówka forest, Naumowicze, Jeziorka, etc. Germans murdered at least 15 clerics. (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2019.10.13])

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.glaukopis.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.grajewiak.pl [access: 2013.08.17], historialomzy.pl [access: 2013.08.17]
original images:
grajewiak.pl [access: 2020.09.27], slideplayer.pl [access: 2020.09.27], slideplayer.pl [access: 2020.09.27]

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