• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KUŹMICKI Witold; source: Fr Thaddeus Krahel, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939—1945”, Białystok, 2017, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUŹMICKI Witold
    source: Fr Thaddeus Krahel, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939—1945”, Białystok, 2017
    own collection

surname

KUŹMICKI

forename(s)

Witold

  • KUŹMICKI Witold - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus parish church, Dąbrowa Białostocka (formerly Dąbrowa Grodzieńska), source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUŹMICKI Witold
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus parish church, Dąbrowa Białostocka (formerly Dąbrowa Grodzieńska)
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • KUŹMICKI Witold - German murder victims monument, Naumowicze, Belarus, source: www.flickr.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUŹMICKI Witold
    German murder victims monument, Naumowicze, Belarus
    source: www.flickr.com
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Sejny diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Philosophy

date and place of death

15.07.1945

Naumovichitoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

alt. dates and places of death

13-14.07.1943

details of death

During ministry in Brest–Litovsk (c. 1911), published, prob. conspiratorially, a magazine for young people named „Star”.

Threatened by the Russian occupation authorities, secretly left for Rome again to undertake PhD studies in canon law.

For financial reasons, interrupted them and returned.

In 1913 appointed vicar to Vilnius, but the tsarist authorities did not approve it.

During World War I, ministered in Dziembrów.

Opposed the withdrawal of Poles alongside the Russians, in the aftermath of the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 east into Russia (so‑called bezhenstvo) — threatened by Russians with arrest.

Sentenced to death by the Germans during the German occupation.

Survived also several bandit attacks on the rectory.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation vicar general in his deanery region. Managed to protect and hide parish archives search for by the Russians.

After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, expelled from rectory by the Germans.

Defended parishioners from robberies, young girls from being forced to go to German for slave labour.

Preached very courageous homilies — in one of them started by mentioning Homeland and next left the pulpit — silence carried a potent message.

Arrested by the Germans around 13.06.1943.

Jailed in Grodno prison from where driven to execution site — part of German extermination plan of Polish intelligentsia of Białystok region, called Black July 1943 — among others with c. 5 other Catholic priests.

During execution probably had only hand shot through and was buried in the pit alive.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

11.05.1885

Orliszkizaścianek (yeomen's settlement)
today: Paberžė eld., Vilnius dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania

alt. dates and places of birth

12.05.1885

Pustowszczyznan. Varniškės
today: zaścianek (yeomen's settlement) non–existent, Paberžė eld., Vilnius dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania

more on
lt.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

28.06.1908 (Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
)

positions held

1936 – 1943

dean {dean.: Dąbrowa Grodzieńskatoday: Dąbrowa Białostocka, Dąbrowa Białostocka gm., Sokółka pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1936 – 1943

parish priest {parish: Dąbrowa Grodzieńskatoday: Dąbrowa Białostocka, Dąbrowa Białostocka gm., Sokółka pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Dąbrowa Grodzieńskatoday: Dąbrowa Białostocka, Dąbrowa Białostocka gm., Sokółka pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1927 – 1936

parish priest {parish: Zabłudówtoday: Zabłudów gm., Białystok pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Białystoktoday: Białystok city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1920 – 1927

parish priest {parish: Dojlidytoday: district of Białystok, Białystok city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn; dean.: Białystoktoday: Białystok city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1918 – 1920

parish priest {parish: Kamyenyetstoday: Kamyenyets dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Brest–Litovskform.: Brest on Bug /1923‑39/
today: Brest, Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1915 – 1918

parish priest {parish: Dembrovotoday: Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus, Holy Trinity; dean.: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

administrator {parish: Kamiankatoday: Shchuchyn dist., Grodno reg., Belarus, Epiphany of the Lord and St Anthony of Padua; dean.: Grodnotoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus}

1914 – 1915

vicar {parish: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, main parish Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Lidatoday: Lida dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

1913 – 1914

vicar {parish: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Philip and St James the Apostles; dean.: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}, also: prefect of elementary schools

till c. 1913

vicar {parish: Brest–Litovskform.: Brest on Bug /1923‑39/
today: Brest, Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Brest–Litovskform.: Brest on Bug /1923‑39/
today: Brest, Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
}

c. 1910

vicar {parish: Wysokie Mazowieckietoday: Wysokie Mazowieckie urban gm., Wysokie Mazowieckie pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Wysokie Mazowieckietoday: Wysokie Mazowieckie urban gm., Wysokie Mazowieckie pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}

1909 – c. 1910

vicar {parish: Łomżatoday: Łomża city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Łomżatoday: Łomża city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

1908 – 1909

prefect {parish: Łomżatoday: Łomża city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, St Michael the Archangel; trade school for women; dean.: Łomżatoday: Łomża city pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

till c. 1908

PhD student {Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

from 1901

student {Sejnytoday: Sejny urban gm., Sejny pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BESZTA–BOROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, BURAKClick to display biography Mark, KLIMCZAKClick to display biography Michael Eugene (Fr Dennis), KOCHANOWSKIClick to display biography Felix, KOZŁOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, OLSZEWSKIClick to display biography Louis, OPIATOWSKIClick to display biography Henry, PĘZAClick to display biography Alexander, PŁOŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, ROSZAKClick to display biography Edmund, RUTKOWSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, SKOKOWSKIClick to display biography Justin, SZULCClick to display biography Joseph, SZYPIŁŁOClick to display biography Casimir

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Naumowicze: On 13.06.1943 in Fort IIa in Naumowicze village c. 10 km from Grodno — in a place known for mass murders perpetrated by the Germans on Jews in 1941‑2 — Germans, as part of their extermination program against partisans, executed 50 hostages from Lipsk — apparently in retribution for death of two Germans. Among the victims was bl. Maryanna Biernacka. Two days later, on 15.06.1943, Germans murdered in excess of 75 victims, among them whole families. Among the victims were 6 Catholic priests. (more on: www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
)

Black July 1943: On 20.05.1943 East Prussia German Gaulaiter, Erich Koch, nominated Otton Helwig a new German commander of SS und Polizeiführer (Eng. SS and police commander) of Bezirk (Eng. region) Białystok. He immediately initiated a pacification action ostensibly targeted at Polish partisans. The real aim was intimidation of the Poles from Białystok region and extermination of its leading classes. Herbert Zimmermann, security police and SD commanded, deputy commander of Einsatzgruppen SS (Eng. Operational Groups) for Germ. Bezirk (district) Bialystok, issued an order to arrest and execute 19 people, physicians, barristers, city staff and teacher, including their families, in each all county cities of the district. On 10.07.1943 a „Commando Müller” (from the surname of its murderous commander, prob. Hermann Müller), consisting of Belarus support batallion, Lithuanian units dressed in German uniforms, German Gendarmerie and police and German Gestapo members, perpetrated a series of mass murders in various places in Bezirk Białystok (including its Łomża and Grodno regions). In 07.1943 Germans murdered more than 1,000 people (prob. near 2,000). On 15.07.1943 only in all county seats of Bezirk Bialystok at least 9 local Polish intelligentsia families, including women, children and old were selected and murdered. Among the victims were many priests: in executions in Pilice forest, Wiszownik forest, Kosówka forest, Naumowicze, Jeziorka, etc. Germans murdered at least 15 clerics. (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
)

Grodno: Prison used both by the Russians (in 1920, 1939‑41 and from 1944) and the Germans (in 1941‑4). Thousands of Poles were jailed there.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
, repozytorium.uwb.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.06.16]
, www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]

bibliograhical:, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017,
original images:
commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.06.16]
, www.flickr.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

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MARTYROLOGY: KUŹMICKI Witold

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