St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Michael Eugene (pl. Michał Eugeniusz)
Dennis (pl. Dionizy)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)more on
diocese / province
Immaculate Mary province OFMConvmore on
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConvmore on
Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
date and place of death
Naumovichitoday: Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
alt. dates and places of death
details of death
During German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after start of the II World War, was in Warsaw and ministered as army chaplain.
After Polish defeat in 09.1939 returned to Grodno, then already under Russian occupation.
Evicted by Russians, together with his co–friars, from Grodno monastery — Russians organized there a hospital — ministered in local parish.
After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation returned for a short time to his monastery but soon was evicted again, this time by Germans.
In 1942 arrested by the Germans and held as hostage in Grodno prison.
After a fortnight released.
Arrested again by the Germans on 14.07.1943 or on 15.07.1943 at 05:00 in the morning and on 06:00 murdered — as part of German extermination plan of Polish intelligentsia of Białystok region, called Black July 1943 — among more than 75 Polish victims, including c. 5 other Catholic priests, at former military Fort IIa in Grodno vicinity.
alt. details of death
According to other sources arrested by the Germans in 1943 — for helping Jews among others — and jailed in Grodno prison.
After 6 weeks murdered.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
presbyter (holy orders)/
07.02.1932 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
others related in death
BESZTA–BOROWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, BURAKClick to display biography Mark, KOCHANOWSKIClick to display biography Felix, KOZŁOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KUŹMICKIClick to display biography Witold, OLSZEWSKIClick to display biography Louis, OPIATOWSKIClick to display biography Henry, PĘZAClick to display biography Alexander, PŁOŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, ROSZAKClick to display biography Edmund, RUTKOWSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, SKOKOWSKIClick to display biography Justin, SZULCClick to display biography Joseph, SZYPIŁŁOClick to display biography Casimir
camps (+ prisoner no)
Naumowicze: On 13.06.1943 in Fort IIa in Naumowicze village c. 10 km from Grodno — in a place known for mass murders perpetrated by the Germans on Jews in 1941‑2 — Germans, as part of their extermination program against partisans, executed 50 hostages from Lipsk — apparently in retribution for death of two Germans. Among the victims was bl. Maryanna Biernacka. Two days later, on 15.06.1943, Germans murdered in excess of 75 victims, among them whole families. Among the victims were 6 Catholic priests. (more on: www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Black July 1943: On 20.05.1943 East Prussia German Gaulaiter, Erich Koch, nominated Otton Helwig a new German commander of SS und Polizeiführer (Eng. SS and police commander) of Bezirk (Eng. region) Białystok. He immediately initiated a pacification action ostensibly targeted at Polish partisans. The real aim was intimidation of the Poles from Białystok region and extermination of its leading classes. Herbert Zimmermann, security police and SD commanded, deputy commander of Einsatzgruppen SS (Eng. Operational Groups) for Germ. Bezirk (district) Bialystok, issued an order to arrest and execute 19 people, physicians, barristers, city staff and teacher, including their families, in each all county cities of the district. On 10.07.1943 a „Commando Müller” (from the surname of its murderous commander, prob. Hermann Müller), consisting of Belarus support batallion, Lithuanian units dressed in German uniforms, German Gendarmerie and police and German Gestapo members, perpetrated a series of mass murders in various places in Bezirk Białystok (including its Łomża and Grodno regions). In 07.1943 Germans murdered more than 1,000 people (prob. near 2,000). On 15.07.1943 only in all county seats of Bezirk Bialystok at least 9 local Polish intelligentsia families, including women, children and old were selected and murdered. Among the victims were many priests: in executions in Pilice forest, Wiszownik forest, Kosówka forest, Naumowicze, Jeziorka, etc. Germans murdered at least 15 clerics. (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Grodno: Prison used both by the Russians (in 1920, 1939‑41 and from 1944) and the Germans (in 1941‑4). Thousands of Poles were jailed there.
Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23], www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017, „Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016,
www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.07.11], www.flickr.comClick to attempt to display webpage
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