• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KREFFT Constantine Francis, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis, source: www.tucholanin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    source: www.tucholanin.pl
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis, source: www.borytucholskie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    source: www.borytucholskie.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

KREFFT

forename(s)

Constantine Francis (pl. Konstantyn Franciszek)

  • KREFFT Constantine Francis - Cenotaph, parish cemetery, Tuchola, source: www.bozecialo.tuchola.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    Cenotaph, parish cemetery, Tuchola
    source: www.bozecialo.tuchola.pl
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis - Commemorative plaque, Corpus Christi church, Tuchola, source: www.ztn.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Corpus Christi church, Tuchola
    source: www.ztn.com.pl
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis - Monument to the murdered inhabitants of Sopot, source: www.panoramio.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    Monument to the murdered inhabitants of Sopot
    source: www.panoramio.com
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis - Monument to the murdered inhabitants of Sopot, source: www.panoramio.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    Monument to the murdered inhabitants of Sopot
    source: www.panoramio.com
    own collection
  • KREFFT Constantine Francis - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKREFFT Constantine Francis
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

Spiritual Counselor

date and place of death

11.06.1940

KL Stutthofconcentration camp
today: Sztutowo, Sztutowo gm., Nowy Dwór Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

In 1885‑8 while studying at gymnasium in Chojnice — during Prussian times (partitions of Poland) — member of the gymnasium chapter of a clandestine Polish self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organisation.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested by the Germans on 28.10.1939 (on 30.09.1939 according to other sources), beaten up.

Jailed in Kamień Krajeński transit camp.

From there on 15.12.1939 transported to KL Stutthof concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

07.03.1867

Lubniatoday: Brusy gm., Chojnice pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

12.09.1893 (Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
)

positions held

1931 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, main parish St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Tucholatoday: Tuchola gm., Tuchola pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}, also: Corpus Christi church builder (today a parish)

1927 – 1931

parish priest {parish: Subkowytoday: Subkowy gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Tczewtoday: Tczew urban gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1904 – 1927

parish priest {parish: Zblewotoday: Zblewo gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Starogard Gdańskitoday: Starogard Gdański gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}, builder of the branch church in Piecach and founder of the Cooperative Bank in Zblewo (1905)

1901 – 1904

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Oliwatoday: district in Gdańsk, Gdańsk city pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, Holy Trinity; church: Sopottoday: Sopot city pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, Blessed Virgin Mary of the Assumption – Star of the Sea}, also: church builder

1899 – 1901

administrator {parish: Bytówtoday: Bytów gm., Bytów pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
}

vicar {parish: GdańskŚródmieście district
today: Gdańsk city pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
, St Brigitte}

from 1893

vicar {parish: Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
; dean.: Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

till 1895

PhD student {Freiburg im Breisgautoday: Freiburg im Breisgau city dist., Freiburg reg., Baden–Württemberg state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, theology, Albrecht and Louis University}, PhD thesis Germ. „Die Gotteslehre Justins des Märtyrers” (Eng. „The Theology of Justin the Martyr”) — public defense on 23.02.1895

1888 – 1893

student {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1901 – 1940

membership {Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, scientific society}

others related in death

ROMANOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, BOLTClick to display biography Felix, BORKOWSKIClick to display biography Paul, BRUDNICKIClick to display biography Alexander, BRZEZIŃSKIClick to display biography Paul, CZAPLEWSKIClick to display biography John Bruno, DOMACHOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, FARULEWSKIClick to display biography Thaddeus, GÓRECKIClick to display biography Marian, GRABOWSKI–WIDŁAKClick to display biography Casimir, GUMPERTClick to display biography Steven, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Anthony, KARBAUMClick to display biography Ernest, KOMOROWSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, KUBICKIClick to display biography Telesphorus, LESIŃSKIClick to display biography Alex, LESIŃSKIClick to display biography John, ŁĘGOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav Leonard, MALINOWSKIClick to display biography Thaddeus, MAŁKOWSKIClick to display biography Julius, MAŃKOWSKIClick to display biography Alphonse, MATERNICKIClick to display biography Vladislav, MAZELLAClick to display biography John, NIEMIRClick to display biography Joseph, OSSOWSKIClick to display biography Valerian, POŁOMSKIClick to display biography Leo, RODZIŃSKAClick to display biography Stanislava (Sr Mary Julia), ROGACZEWSKIClick to display biography Francis, RÓŻYCKIClick to display biography Mieczyslav, RYGLEWICZClick to display biography John, SĄDECKIClick to display biography Bernard, SARNOWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SCHULZClick to display biography Alphonse Vaclav, SEPEŁOWSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, SMOLEŃSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, SROKAClick to display biography Leo Florian, SZWEDOWSKIClick to display biography Ignatius Mieczyslav, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography John Damasus, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, WIECKIClick to display biography Bernard Anthony, WILMOWSKIClick to display biography John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Stutthof (prisoner no: 8475Click to display biography): In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Kamień Pomorski: In 1939 during action „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — Germans interned in st Anne Institute in Kamień Pomorski (now: Kamień Krajeński) Polish priests and teachers from nearby counties (Tuchola and Kamień deaneries). In 12.1939 they were all taken to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

sources

personal:
pelplin.diecezja.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.09]
, www.bozecialo.tuchola.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, teologia.uksw.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, tygodnik.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
,
original images:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.tucholanin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, www.borytucholskie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, www.bozecialo.tuchola.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.ztn.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
, www.panoramio.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.panoramio.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]

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