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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

GARWOLIŃSKI

forename(s)

Vaclav (pl. Wacław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

date and place of death

04.05.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]

alt. dates and places of death

20.06.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 06.10.1941.

Interned in Ląd transit camp.

From there on 30.10.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally totally exhausted sent in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

04.10.1879

Wólczynatoday: part of Brody village, Jastrzębia gm., Radom pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places of birth

16.10.1879

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

24.06.1904

positions held

1927 – 1941

pensioner {Ciechocinektoday: Ciechocinek gm., Aleksandrów Kujawski pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
, Manor House „Under the Eagle”, House of Retired Priests; led by Fr Honorat Sisters order}, stomach disease

1924 – 1927

resident {parish: Grójectoday: Grójec gm., Grójec pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}, stomach disease

1919 – 1924

parish priest {parish: Łyskorniatoday: Biała Druga gm., Wieluń pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St Mary Magdalene; dean.: Wieluńtoday: Wieluń gm., Wieluń pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1914 – 1919

parish priest {parish: Wola Wiązowatoday: Rusiec gm., Bełchatów pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Rock the Confessor; dean.: Łask / Widawadeanery names/seats
today: Łódź voiv., Poland
}

c. 1914

prefect {parish: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; munipal primary schools; dean.: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1914

vicar {parish: Łasktoday: Łask gm., Łask pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
, collegiate parish Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Łasktoday: Łask gm., Łask pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
}

1913 – c. 1914

vicar {parish: Kramsktoday: Kramsk gm., Konin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Konintoday: Konin city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
}

1909 – 1913

vicar {parish: Kłobuckotoday: Kłobuck, Kłobuck gm., Kłobuck pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1908 – 1909

resident {parish: Racięcicetoday: Sompolno gm., Konin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1908 – 1909

vicar {parish: Osiek Wielkitoday: Osiek Mały gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}, formal posting

1907 – 1908

vicar {parish: Krzepicetoday: Krzepice gm., Kłobuck pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St James the Apostle; dean.: Częstochowatoday: Częstochowa city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1906 – 1907

vicar {parish: Borownotoday: Mykanów gm., Częstochowa pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Our Lady of Mount Carmel; church: St Lawrence the Deacon and Martyr; dean.: Noworadomskotoday: Radomsko /from 1918/, Radomsko urban gm., Radomsko pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1905 – 1906

vicar {parish: Przedecztoday: Przedecz gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

till 1904

student {Włocławektoday: Włocławek city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ANDRZEJEWSKIClick to display biography Adam Leo, ARTKEClick to display biography Bronislaus Valerian, BALCERZAKClick to display biography Felix, BĄCZEKClick to display biography John, BĄKClick to display biography John, BERENTClick to display biography Leopold Edward, BIAŁASClick to display biography Paul Joseph, BIOLYClick to display biography Peter, BOMBICKIClick to display biography Gustave John, BORCZUKClick to display biography John (Bro. Anthony), BRUSKIClick to display biography John, BRYJAClick to display biography Francis, BRYLClick to display biography John, BRZEZIKClick to display biography Ignatius, BRZUSZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Henry Lucian, BUTKIEWICZClick to display biography Bronislaus, CESARZClick to display biography John, CHABOWSKIClick to display biography Vincent, CHOROSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Boleslaus, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Aurelius, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Marian, CZAJKOWSKIClick to display biography Marian, CZAPSKIClick to display biography Richard Thaddeus, CZARNECKIClick to display biography Vincent, CZEMPIELClick to display biography Joseph Matthew, DAHLKEClick to display biography Francis Xavier, DOMAGALSKIClick to display biography Leo, DOMAŃSKIClick to display biography Gregory, DOWNARClick to display biography Steven, DRELOWIECClick to display biography Francis, DUSZCZYKClick to display biography Vladislav, DWORNICKIClick to display biography Valentine, DYBIZBAŃSKIClick to display biography John Lamberto, DZIADZIAClick to display biography Felix, DZIEGIECKIClick to display biography John Vladislav, DZIKOWSKIClick to display biography John Michael, ELJASZClick to display biography Vincent, FALKOWSKIClick to display biography Victor Francis, FENGLERClick to display biography Stanislaus, FIEWEGERClick to display biography Theophilus, FIJAŁKOWSKIClick to display biography Adam, FISCHBACHClick to display biography John Henry, FORMANOWICZClick to display biography Leo Marian, GAŁCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Steven Joseph, GĄSOWSKIClick to display biography John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28418Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Ląd: In 1940‑41, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 6‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: yadda.icm.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

06.10.1941 arrests (Warthegau): On 13.09.1941 Gaulaiter of German province Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland, in German–occupied Greater Poland (where German standard law was in force), Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy issued a decree formally dissolving Catholic Church and forming in its place a Roman Catholic German National Church in Wartheland, an organization subject to a German private law. All the contacts with Vatican were forbidden. All the religion congregations were also dissolved. On 06‑07.10.1941 mass arrests of Polish Catholic priests took place. All were herded into Konstantynów or Ląd on Warta river transit camps or KL Posen concentration camp (in this case, the detainees were first registered, photographed and examined in the infamous Poznań headquarters of the German political police, the Gestapo, in the former Soldier's House). On 30.10.1941 most of them were transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.hdbg.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliograhical:, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: GARWOLIŃSKI Vaclav

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