• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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  • BRYJA Francis, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRYJA Francis
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • BRYJA Francis; source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRYJA Francis
    source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw
    own collection
  • BRYJA Francis - Contemporary painting, source: diecezja.waw.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRYJA Francis
    Contemporary painting
    source: diecezja.waw.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

BRYJA

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • BRYJA Francis - Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew, source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRYJA Francis
    Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew
    source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Catholic Apostolate SACmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Pallottines)

diocese / province

Christ the King province SACmore on
waw.pallotyni.pl
[access: 2019.02.02]

date and place
of death

04.05.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, continued his studies attending clandestine lectures (part of an emerging Polish Clandestine State) and writing a scientific dissertation.

Arrested by the Germans on 13.09.1941.

After interrogations at the headquarters of the German political police Gestapo at Szucha Str. jailed in the Pawiak Prison in Warsaw.

On 23.11.1940 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp and from there on 12.12.1940 to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally — totally exhausted — transported in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where was murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

31.05.1910

Rajczatoday: Rajcza gm., Żywiec pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

religious vows

15.08.1931 (temporary)
15.08.1934 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

11.06.1938 (Warsaw cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

from 1938

friar — Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ Society's house (at 12 Skaryszewska Str.), Pallottines SAC

c. 1938 – 1940

student — Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ classical philology, [University of Warsaw (from 1945) / clandestine University (1939‑1945) / Joseph Piłsudski University (1935‑1939) / University of Warsaw (1915‑1935) / Imperial University of Warsaw (1870‑1915)]

1936 – 1938

student — Ołtarzewtoday: Ożarów Mazowiecki gm., Warsaw–west pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]
⋄ Theological Seminary, Pallottines SAC

1932 – 1936

student — Sucharytoday: Nakło nad Notecią gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.28]
⋄ Theological Seminary, Pallottines SAC

1931 – 1932

student — Klecza Dolnatoday: Wadowice gm., Wadowice pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ „Collegium Marianum” Theological Seminary, „On the Mound” house, Pallottines SAC

1929 – 1931

novitiate — Klecza Dolnatoday: Wadowice gm., Wadowice pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Society's house („On the Mound”), Pallottines SAC

1929

accession — Klecza Dolnatoday: Wadowice gm., Wadowice pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Society's house („On the Mound”), Pallottines SAC

others related
in death

ANDRZEJEWSKIClick to display biography Adam Leo, ARTKEClick to display biography Bronislav Valerian, BALCERZAKClick to display biography Felix, BĄCZEKClick to display biography John, BĄKClick to display biography John, BERENTClick to display biography Leopold Edward, BIAŁASClick to display biography Paul Joseph, BIOLYClick to display biography Peter, BOMBICKIClick to display biography Gustave John, BORCZUCHClick to display biography John (Bro. Anthony), BRUSKIClick to display biography John, BRYLClick to display biography John, BRZEZIKClick to display biography Ignatius, BRZUSZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Henry Lucian, BUTKIEWICZClick to display biography Bronislav, CESARZClick to display biography John, CHABOWSKIClick to display biography Vincent, CHOROSZYŃSKIClick to display biography Boleslav, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Aurelius, CHWIŁOWICZClick to display biography Marian, CZAJKOWSKIClick to display biography Marian, CZAPSKIClick to display biography Richard Thaddeus, CZARNECKIClick to display biography Vincent, CZEMPIELClick to display biography Joseph Matthew, DAHLKEClick to display biography Francis Xavier, DOMAGALSKIClick to display biography Leo, DOMAŃSKIClick to display biography Gregory, DOWNARClick to display biography Steven, DRELOWIECClick to display biography Francis, DUSZCZYKClick to display biography Vladislav, DWORNICKIClick to display biography Valentine, DYBIZBAŃSKIClick to display biography John Lamberto, DZIADZIAClick to display biography Felix, DZIEGIECKIClick to display biography John Vladislav, DZIKOWSKIClick to display biography John Michael, ELJASZClick to display biography Vincent, FALKOWSKIClick to display biography Victor Francis, FENGLERClick to display biography Stanislav, FIEWEGERClick to display biography Theophilus, FIJAŁKOWSKIClick to display biography Adam, FISCHBACHClick to display biography John Henry, FORMANOWICZClick to display biography Leo Marian, GAŁCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Steven Joseph, GARWOLIŃSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, GĄSOWSKIClick to display biography John

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of «Aktion T4», the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

«Aktion T4»: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). At a peak, in 1940‑1941, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish Catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of «Aktion T4» was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22196Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during World War II: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. The priests were forced to slave labor in the Germ. „Die Plantage” — the largest herb garden in Europe, managed by the genocidal SS, consisting of many greenhouses, laboratory buildings and arable land, where experiments with new natural medicines were conducted — for many hours, without breaks, without protective clothing, no food. They slaved in construction, e.g. of camp's crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 6369Click to display biography): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw, built by the Russian occupiers of Poland in 1830‑1835. During the Poland partition's period, a Russian investigative prison, both criminal and political. During World War II and the German occupation, the largest German prison in the General Government. Initially, it was subordinate to the Justice Department of the General Governorate, and from 03.1940 Germ. Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst (Eng. Security Police and Security Service) of the Warsaw District — in particular the German Secret Political Police Gestapo. c. 3,000 prisoners were kept in Pawiak permanently, of which about 2,200 in the men's unit and c. 800 in the women's unit (the so‑called Serbia) — with a „capacity” of c. 1,000 prisoners. In total, in the years 1939‑1944, c. 100,000 Poles passed through the prison, of which c. 37,000 were murdered in executions — from 10.1943 Pawiak prisoners were murdered in open executions on the streets of Warsaw (sometimes several times a day) — during interrogations, in cells or in a prison „hospital”, and c. 60,000 were taken in 95 transports to concentration camps (mainly KL Auischwitz), other places of isolation or to forced labor. The prison Germans demolished during the Warsaw Uprising in 08‑10.1944. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, libermortuorum.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.pallotyni.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

original images:
commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.02]
, diecezja.waw.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
, turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.11.07]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: BRYJA Francis

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