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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • DERKACZEWSKA Stanislava (Sr Raphaella of the Holy Face) - post-mortem photo, c. 25.01.1941, Puszczykowo; source: thanks to Sr Flavia Paciorek CSDP (private correspondence, 24.03.2023), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODERKACZEWSKA Stanislava (Sr Raphaella of the Holy Face)
    post-mortem photo, c. 25.01.1941, Puszczykowo
    source: thanks to Sr Flavia Paciorek CSDP (private correspondence, 24.03.2023)
    own collection

surname

DERKACZEWSKA

forename(s)

Stanislava (pl. Stanisława)

religious forename(s)

Raphaella of the Holy Face (pl. Rafała od Przenajświętszego Oblicza)

  • DERKACZEWSKA Stanislava (Sr Raphaella of the Holy Face) - Tombstone (cenotaph?), Piątkowo parish cemetery, Poznań, source: billiongraves.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODERKACZEWSKA Stanislava (Sr Raphaella of the Holy Face)
    Tombstone (cenotaph?), Piątkowo parish cemetery, Poznań
    source: billiongraves.com
    own collection

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Shepherdess' Sisters of Divine Providence CSDP
(i.e. Shepherd Sisters)

date and place
of death

15.10.1943

Lesznotoday: Leszno city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]

details of death

After German invasion on 01.09.1939 of Poland (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, evicted on 07.10.1939 by the Germans from Jabłonowo Pomorskie Congregation's General House.

Forced to move do Dębowa Łąka, where Germans organized the VSH Dembowalonka internment camp for local clergy and religious.

Next for a short period moved to Poznań (prob. to Congregation's motherhouse that was at that time occupied by the Congregation) and therre in 1940 was arrested by the Germans.

Held in Nonnenlager–Schmückert concentration camp (mainly for the nuns and older religious).

Fell seriously ill — not treated, persecuted instead: e.g. threatened with imprisonment.

When the disease deepened, as a result of the Congregation's efforts, on 26.07.1943 moved to the District and Municipal Hospital in Leszno.

Despite attempts at treatment — at the expense of the Congregation — soon perished.

On 15.11.1951, her body was exhumed from the cemetery in Leszno and buried in the cemetery in Poznań–Winiary.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

12.08.1904

Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]

religious vows

21.11.1926 (temporary)
15.10.1943 (permanent)

positions held

till 1939

nun — Jabłonowo Pomorskietoday: Jabłonowo Pomorskie gm., Brodnica pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ General House, Shepherd Sisters CSDP — ministry in the office of the Congregation's house; also: general secretary, general assistant

31.05.1925

accession — Shepherd Sisters CSDP

till 1925

student — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Department of Philosophy, Poznań University [i.e. Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955) / Poznań University (1945‐1955, 1920‐1939) / Piast University (1919‐1920) / Polish University (1918‐1919) / Royal Academy (1903‐1918)] — studies interrupted

others related
in death

DWULECKAClick to display biography Mary (Sr Fabiola), GRYGIERClick to display biography Anne (Sr Wunibalda), GRZANKAClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Romualda), KĄKOLEWSKAClick to display biography Wanda (Sr Veronica), LEWICKAClick to display biography Claire (Sr Cordelia), MULKOWSKAClick to display biography Josefa (Sr Vestina), OSIŃSKAClick to display biography Leocadia (Sr Radegundis), SZKUDLAREKClick to display biography Helen (Sr Hermana), GRZECHOWSKAClick to display biography Mary (Sr Sapientia), FIEREKClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Potamia), CHWOŁKAClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Bonifacia), BŁOCIŃSKAClick to display biography Anne (Sr Iucunda), KACZMAREKClick to display biography Elisabeth (Sr Rita), ŁUCZAKClick to display biography Marianne (Sr Siriana), PIOTRZKOWSKAClick to display biography Pauline (Sr Anacleta), TUŻYNAClick to display biography Constantina (Sr Rusticula), WANIOREKClick to display biography Theodosia (Sr Flaviana), WOJCIECHOWSKAClick to display biography Theophilusa (Sr Reinharda), KŁECZEKClick to display biography (Sr Benita), ŁOPACZEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav Kostka, NIEDŹWIEDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, SIWECKAClick to display biography Regina Stephanie (Sr Angela), OSSOWSKAClick to display biography Ottilia (Sr Cirilla), POLITYCKAClick to display biography Mary (Sr Seraphina), WÓRÓWNAClick to display biography Catherine (Sr Zdislava), ZIEMIAŁKOWSKAClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Dominica of the Sacred Wounds of Jesus), BĄCZKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, BOLTClick to display biography Felix, BREJSKIClick to display biography John Casimir, CHARSZEWSKIClick to display biography Ignatius, DEKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, GALIKOWSKIClick to display biography Roman John, GNILKAClick to display biography Pauline (Sr Junilla), JARZĘBSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, JONEKClick to display biography Martha (Sr Dygna), KOWNACKIClick to display biography Bronislav, KOWNACKIClick to display biography Martin Stanislav, KUCZAClick to display biography Francesca (Sr Gorgonya), LICZNERSKIClick to display biography Constantine, ŁĘGOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav Leonard, RUCIŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, WILEMSKIClick to display biography Joseph Louis, ZAREMBAClick to display biography Felix

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

NL Schmückert: German concentration camp Germ. Nonnenlager (Eng. camp for nuns), set up in Bojanowo (from 1943 called formally Schmückert by the Germans, today Rawicz county), mainly for Polish nuns. Organized by the Germans in the province of Germ. Warthegau (Eng. Warta country), after the liquidation in early 1941 of c. 248 Catholic religious houses and institutions run by the Church, 30 of which were transferred directly to the German National Socialist Party, and the rest were administered by the Germ. Gauselbstverwaltung (Eng. Self–Government of the Region–Gau) GSV state institution. Therefore, initially formally called as Germ. Gauarbeitsanstalt Schmückert (Eng. Schmückert Gau employment office). On 25.02.1941 first group of 56 nuns was brought in. At the end of 1941 there were 293 prisoners held. On 11.12.1941 Germans brought in c. 40 old and sick priests, transported from KL Posen concentration camp. Altogether in 1941‐1945 615 nuns from 27 congregations were held captive in the camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
, www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
)

VSH Dembowalonka: German Germ. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutzhaft (Eng. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz custody) VSH for the clergy of Wąbrzeźno county. Established on 24‐25.09.1939, when Germans, members of the genocidal paramilitary Germ. Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz formation — the decision to create Selbstschutz in the Polish lands occupied by German troops was made in Berlin on September 08‐10.09.1939 at a conference headed by Reichsführer‐SS Heinrich Himmler (the formal order bears the date 20.09.1939), and the chaotically formed units were directly subordinated to the officers of the genocidal SS organization ‐ in the Shepherd Sisters CSDP monastery–institute in Dębowa Łąka, c. 10 km from Wąbrzeźno, interned 30 Catholic priests from nearby parishes (on the same day, the Germans destroyed all roadside statues and crosses in Wąbrzeźno district). As part of the «Intelligenzaktion» operation — the extermination of the Polish intelligentsia (in Kurkocin, c. 4 km away, the Germans murdered then c. 500 Poles) — they were detained there till 06.12.1939, and then transported to another camp in Chełmno and next to KL Stutthof concentration camp. After the end of hostilities of World War II, in the years 1954‐1957, during the Russian occupation, one of the concentration and slave labor camps organized by Commie‐Nazi authorities in Russian republic prl for religious sisters and nuns during «Action X‐2». (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

bibliographical:
Archives of Congregation of the Shepherdess' Sisters of Divine Providence CSDP”, thanks to Sr Flavia Paciorek CSDP (private correspondence, 24.03.2023)
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‐1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‐V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‐1981
A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‐1945”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
billiongraves.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]

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