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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

NIEDZIELSKI

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Zhytomyr diocesemore on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place of death

1937

Kam'yanets'-Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]

details of death

For the first time arrested by the Russians in 1921 while crossing the border from Poland to Russia with funds received from his bishop, Peter Mańkowski, living then in Poland for helping priests in Russia.

Soon released.

Arrested again in the spring of 1922 together with a group of Catholics and accused of „hoarding church valuables”.

On 02.09.1922 together with 4 other Polish priests (Fr Felix Lubczyński, Fr. Valerian Szymański and Fr Richard Szyszko–Bohusz, among them) and a few civilians sentenced in Kamieniec Podolski to death.

The sentence thanks to the intervention of Polish consulate in Kharkiv got however commuted to 5 years in prison.

In 09.1923 ransomed out and released.

Later constantly harassed by the Russians.

In 1933 arrested yet again.

And yet again released.

On his way back to Kamieniec Podolski suffered a stroke.

Spent three years paralysed, confined to bed under the care of a former parishioner.

Did not recover and perished in unknown circumstances.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1895

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1919?

positions held

from 1920

vicar {parish: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, cathedral St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyitoday: Kam'yanets'–Podil's'kyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
}

c. 1920

vicar {parish: Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

till c. 1919

student {Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

LUBCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Felix, SZYMAŃSKIClick to display biography Valerian, SZYSZKO–BOHUSZClick to display biography Richard

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights ” (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Trial of 02.09.1922: Trial of 5 Catholic priests in Kamieniec Podolski, accused of objecting to church property being confiscated and of treason. All were sentence to death by the Russians. The sentences were subsequently commuted to prison terms and after Polish representatives intervention and payment of extortion tribute by their parishioners all were let off. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, catholic.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin

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