• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • RYBAŁTOWSKI Andrew, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORYBAŁTOWSKI Andrew
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

RYBAŁTOWSKI

forename(s)

Andrew (pl. Andrzej)

  • RYBAŁTOWSKI Andrew - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORYBAŁTOWSKI Andrew
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place
of death

1937

BelBaltLag labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Karelia rep., Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

Sandarmokhtoday: Medvezhyegorsk reg., Karelia rep., Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

details of death

In 1897 called into Tsarist Russian army.

Served in indendentura in Moscow.

Demobilised in 1906.

In 07.1914, after outbreak of the World War I, again drafted in Russian army.

Served in medical unit in Kiev.

Next moved to north–western front.

From 10.1915 again in medical unit in Kiev.

From 05.1917 head of field pharamacy unit on Romanian front.

From 06.1918 senior pharmacist at military medical warehouse in Kiev.

Next pharmacy specialist in Odessa and Kiev, serving for all armies that temporarily held sway in those towns — during Russian civil war.

Demobilised from Bolshevik army in 1923, in lieutenant rank.

Secretly ordained as a priest of Catholic Church in 1928.

Arrested by the Russians on 25.05.1929.

Jailed in Kiev prison.

Accused of „counter–revolutionary activitites”.

On 26.02.1930 tried in a mass trial of Ukraine Catholics and sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 3 years of slave labour.

Jailed in one of Gulag concentration camps.

In 1932 released.

Returned to Makhnivka parish.

On 22.08.1935 arrested again.

Accused of membership of „Polish counter–revolutionary Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during World War I in 1914‑1918)”.

On 31.12.1935 sentenced to 6 years of slave labour.

Sent to BelBaltLag concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

21.11.1875

Kłopoty-Patrytoday: Siemiatycze gm., Siemiatycze pov., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

04.12.1928 (Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
)

positions held

1933 – 1934

priest — Makhnivkatoday: Makhnivka hrom., Khmilnyk rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St John of Nepomuk the Martyr RC parish ⋄ Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv urban hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
RC deanery

1929

administrator — Pohrebyshchetoday: Pohrebyshche urban hrom., Vinnytsia rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv urban hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
RC deanery

1925 – 1928

student — Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ clandestine Theological Seminary of Żytomierz diocese — run by apostolic administrators: Fr Theophilus Skalski, and next Fr Casimir Naskręcki

from 1924

head/manager — Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ pharmacy

1914

certified pharmacist

till 1914

student — Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ pharmacy, St Vladimir Imperial University

1908/9 – 1914

shop assistant in a pharmacy in Kiev

1907 – 1908

clerk at a pharmacy in Moscow

1897 – 1906

soldier — Imperial Russian Army

1897

candidate to the order — Franciscans OFM

others related
in death

BLECHMANClick to display biography Boleslav, GRZEGORZEWSKIClick to display biography Stanislav, KOWALSKIClick to display biography Joseph, LUBOWSKIClick to display biography Bronislav, MARECKIClick to display biography Bruno, MARKUSZEWClick to display biography, PIETKIEWICZClick to display biography Joseph, ROSZKIEWICZClick to display biography Boleslav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Sandarmokh: Former shooting range of Russian slave labour BelBaltLag concentration camp — n. Powienec village on Onega lake shore, c. 19 km from Bear Hill (Medvezhegorsk), in Karelia republic, a seat of Russian BelBaltLag slave labour concentration camp’s headquarters — where from 11.08.1937 till 27.11.1938 in excess of 9,500 victims from 58 nations, including many Poles, mainly from BelBaltLag concentration camp for prisoners constructing White Sea – Baltic canal and c. 1,111 prisoners from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps on White Sea (c. 250 km from Sandarmokh) were murdered in mass executions. At least 32 priests, including 12 Poles and 11 Germans, one bishop among them, were shot through the back of the head at the site 27.10–04.11.1937. Their remains were unearthed in 1997 — 236 mass grave ditches were discovered spread over c. 10 hectares of land. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
, www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a «NKVD Troika» — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar «NKVD Troika» Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKVD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. According to the records of the „Memorial” International Association for Historical, Educational, Charitable and Defense of Human Rights (Rus. Международное историко–просветительское, правозащитное и благотворительное общество „Мемориал”), specialising with historical research and promoting knowledge about the victims of Russian repressions — 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. According to some historians, the number of victims should be multiplied by at least two, because not only the named persons were murdered, but entire Polish families (the mere suspicion of Polish nationality was sufficient). Taking into account the fact that the given number does not include the genocide in eastern Russia (Siberia), the number of victims may be as high as 500,000 Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
)

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration and forced slave labor camp, under the management of the Gulag camp network (i.e. the genocidal OGPU, and then the NKVD), with the HQ in Medvedevegorsk (then in the Karelo–Finnish rep.) on the White Sea. Established on 16.11.1931, on the basis of the former SLON camp (on the Solovetsky islands). Prisoners slaved on canal construction between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea (the canal itself was opened on.06.1933). Later, prisoners worked in logging forests, in sawmills, in the construction of wood products and paper factories, hydroelectric plants, nickel factories and alcohol distilleries, construction of ports, and laying railway lines. C. 58,965 to 107,900 (1932) prisoners were held in the camp at one time —–e.g. in 1938, there were 3,946 women among them. According to official data, 12,300 perished during the construction of the canal itself — according to unofficial data, from 50,000 to 300,000. One of head managers of the construction of the canal was a Jew, Naftali Frenkel, who went down in history as the author of the principle„We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Solzhenitsyn, of the so–called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — i.e. prisoner – canal soldier (Rus. заключенный–каналоармец) — was coined in the camp, which was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. The camp operated until 18.09.1941, and the entire project — in economic terms — turned out to be a total failure. (more on: ru.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.09.02]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно–трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea–Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held there at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Trial of 26.02.1930: Group trial, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, held on 26.02.1930 by a so‑called «NKVD Troika», a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Tried were among others seminarians in an „illegal”, clandestine theological seminary in Kiev who were sent to Russian Northern Territories (Siberia).

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev, in the first half of 20th century run by the genocidal NKVD, informally referred to as prison No 1, formally as Investigative Prison No 13 (SIZO#13). It was founded in the early 19th century. In the 20th century, during the Soviet times, the prison church was transformed into another block of cells. During the reign of J. Stalin in Russia, more than 25,000 prisoners passed through it. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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