• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • WELIK Paul, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWELIK Paul
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

WELIK

forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

  • WELIK Paul - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWELIK Paul
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

date and place
of death

12.03.1942

ITL KarLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
today: Ilyichevka, Kazakhstan

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.10.13]

details of death

After Polish–Russian war of 1920 and Riga truce that ended it remained in Russia (on Ukraine).

Arrested by the Russians on 10.02.1935 (or 29.07.1935) in Nowogród Wołyński together with 18 Catholics, among them Fr Stanislav Jachniewicz and Fr Nicholas Szczepaniuk from Zhytomyr.

Held in Zhytomyr and next in Kiev prison and there on 14.05.1936, in a group trial of 19 Catholics, sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps — Gulag by the genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as «NKVD Troika») — „for membership of fascist counter–revolutionary roman–catholic organisation”.

Exiled to ITL KarLag (Kazakhstan) camp.

Released on 11.02.1940.

Returned illegally to Zhytomyr and settled clandestinely in the attic of the house of Sisters Servants of Jesus, running their activities clandestinely from Michałówka village.

Denounced and on 10.07.1940 arrested again, together with nuns that sheltered him.

Held in Zhytomyr prison.

On 26.10.1940 sentenced to death, commuted to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps — Gulag.

On 30.04.1941 deported again to ITL KarLag camp — together with Sr Sophia Bratkowska and Sr Eleonor Jędrzejewska, the nuns — tending to deported nuns, and perished there.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

27.03.1872

Polubiczetoday: Polubicze Dworskie, Polubicze Wiejskie Pierwsze and Polubicze Wiejskie Drugie, Wisznice gm., Biała Podlaska pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

28.05.1903

positions held

till 1935

administrator — Novohrad‑Volynskyitoday: Zviahel, Zviahel urban hrom., Zviahel rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC parish ⋄ Novohrad‑Volynskyitoday: Zviahel, Zviahel urban hrom., Zviahel rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1913 – c. 1925

administrator — Kotelnyatoday: Stara Kotel'nya, Volytsia hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Anthony of Padua RC parish ⋄ Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

administrator — Lishchyntoday: Stanyshivka hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1906 – c. 1912

administrator — Zbrizhtoday: Chemerivtsi hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Anthony and St John of Nepomuk RC parish ⋄ Kamyanets‑Podilskyitoday: Kamyanets‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1904 – 1905

vicar — Krasnetoday: Nove Misto hrom., Vinnytsia rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Joseph Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Yampiltoday: Yampil urban hrom., Mohyliv‑Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1899 – 1903

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BRAWERClick to display biography Stanislav, JACHNIEWICZClick to display biography Stanislav, KLEMCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Sigismund, SZCZEPANIUKClick to display biography Nicholas, BRATKOWSKAClick to display biography Sophia, JĘDRZEJEWSKAClick to display biography Eleonor

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL KarLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Карагандинский (Eng. Karagandskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — with headquarters in the city of Karaganda, Karaganda Oblast in Kazakhstan. Founded on 17.09.1931. One of the largest in the Gulag complex. It covered an area of 300 by 200 km, with its center in the Dolynka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the tasks was to grow food, especially animal husbandry, for the emerging centers of coal mining and heavy industry in Kazakhstan. Prisoners slaved in camp workshops (metal processing, drawing, tailoring), in the production of construction materials, in a glassworks, a sugar refinery, a vegetable drying plant, in coal mines, limestone mining, and in fishing. At its peak, c. 65,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 45,798 (01.01.1943); 50,080 (01.01.1944); 53,946 (01.01.1945); 60,745 (01.01.1947); 63,555 (01.01.1948); 65,673 (01.01.1949); 54,179 (01.01.1950); 45,675 (01.01.1951). In total, c. 1,000,000 people passed through the camp, including many women and children. Many died. It ceased operations on 27.07.1959. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‑трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‑Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‑called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‑каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Trial of 14.05.1936: Trial of 19 Catholics, including four women and eight Catholic priests: Fr Stanislaus Brawer, Fr. Stanislaus Jachniewicz, Fr Roman Jankowski, Fr Sigismunt Klemczyński, Fr Joseph Koziński, Fr Alois Schönfeld, Fr Peter Welik and Greek‑Catholic Fr Nicholas Szczepaniuk, the last Catholic pastors ministering in Zhytomyr vicinity, held in Kiev. They were accused of „counter‑revolutionary activities”, „remaining in touch with counter‑revolutionary representative of foreign centers”, „usage of Polish national banners during religious festivities” and „membership of fascist counter‑revolutionary roman‑catholic and greek‑catholic priests’ organization in the Western Ukraine”. The genocidal Russian summary court, so‑called «NKVD Troika», sent most for many years to Russian concentration camps Gulag. (more on: history.org.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
)

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev, in the first half of 20th century run by the genocidal NKVD, informally referred to as prison No 1, formally as Investigative Prison No 13 (SIZO#13). It was founded in the early 19th century. In the 20th century, during the Soviet times, the prison church was transformed into another block of cells. During the reign of J. Stalin in Russia, more than 25,000 prisoners passed through it. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Zhytomyr (prison): Russian investigative prison known for cruel interrogation methods used by the Russians. Execution site as well.

Polish‑Russian war of 1919‑1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‑like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.katolicy.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

bibliographical:
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑1939. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
Parish priest of Lutsk–Żhytomyr 1801‑1920 and Kamyanets–Podilskyi 1869‑1919 dioceses”, Fr Waldemar Witold Żurek SDB, Lublin 2023
original images:
www.russiacristiana.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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