• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - 03.1936, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    03.1936
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - 15.03.1938, Warsaw, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    15.03.1938, Warsaw
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - 01.01.1939, Warsaw, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    01.01.1939, Warsaw
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - 20.08.1934, Warsaw, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    20.08.1934, Warsaw
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • TRZECIAK Stanisław, source: bazhum.muzhp.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    source: bazhum.muzhp.pl
    own collection
  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - 1908, Sankt Petersburg (recognition uncertain); source: thanks to Ms Barbara Gąsieniec kindness (private correspondence, 2021.05.29), Mr John Szmidt's archive (www.polskipetersburg.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    1908, Sankt Petersburg (recognition uncertain)
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Gąsieniec kindness (private correspondence, 2021.05.29), Mr John Szmidt's archive (www.polskipetersburg.pl)
    own collection

surname

TRZECIAK

forename(s)

Stanisław

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Stanisław Kostka

  • TRZECIAK Stanisław - Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTRZECIAK Stanisław
    Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warsaw archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Przemyśl diocesemore on
www.przemyska.pl
[access: 2013.02.15]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Sacred Theology

honorary titles

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

Knight's Cross „Polonia Restituta”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

„Cross of Valour”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

Order of the Crown (Romania) 3rd Class – Commandermore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]

Order of St. Sava (Yugoslavia) 4th Class – Officermore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]

Order of the German Eaglemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]

honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Mogilev cathedral)

date and place of death

08.08.1944

Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]

alt. dates and places of death

09.08.1944

details of death

During World War I, a co–founder of the Polish Society for Aid to War Victims, caring for Polish refugees injured by the war (from the lands occupied by the Germans – the so–called currents) on the territory of Russia.

During World War I co‑founder of Polish Society for Support to the War Victims, caring for Polish war refugees (from the lands occupied by the Germans — a period known by Russians as byezhenstvo, i.e. great escape) on the territory of Russia.

In 06.1918 returned to Poland.

Participant of Lviv defence 1918‑9 during Polish–Ukrainian war.

In 1921 initiator of help to Polish children returning from Russia.

During the times of the Second Polish Republic, in his works was warning against the effects of communism.

He also criticized the National Socialist policy of Germany.

Was regarded as one of the best experts in the Jewish Talmud.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation founding member of pro–German, anti–Russian and anti–Semitic National Radical Organisation NOR (dissolved in 01.1940).

Broke contacts with members of the organization in 03.1940 after attacks — possibly initiated by NOR, but controlled by Germans — of Jews in Warsaw and Kraków (Easter Pogrom).

Used contacts with Germans to help persecuted acquaintances — prob. helped the Jews as well.

There are however indications that in 1941 prob. denounced to the Germans a Polish Jewish priest, Fr Thaddeus Puder, hiding out of Warsaw (later saved by Polish nuns).

Published in German–controlled collaboration „reptile press”.

After outbreak on 01.08.1944 of Warsaw Uprising gave shelter in St Anthony's parish church to many people.

On 08/09.09.1944 Germans forced them, despite his protests, to remove a barricade build up by insurgents on Theatre Square.

After work Germans marched them off towards Albert King of Belgium Street, towards Wola district and Pruszków transit camp.

During march shot by a rank German soldier.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

25.10.1873

Rudna Wielkatoday: Świlcza gm., Rzeszów pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]

alt. dates and places of birth

25.01.1873

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1898 (Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
)

positions held

1938 – 1944

parish priest {parish: Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, St Anthony; dean.: Warsaw–capitaldeanery name
today: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
}

1928 – 1938

rector {church: Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, St Jack the Confessor; dean.: Warsaw–capitaldeanery name
today: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
}

1923 – 1928

parish priest {parish: Dębowiectoday: Dębowiec gm., Jasło pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]
, St Bartholomew the Apostle; dean.: Żmigród Nowytoday: Nowy Żmigród, Nowy Żmigród gm., Jasło pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]
}

1926 – 1939

membership {Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, Management Board, Eastern Institute}

editor {„Monumenta Judaica”; co–editor}

editor {„Church Review”; co–editor}

1907 – 1918

professor {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

from 1912

membership {Imperial Russian Archaeological Society}

1906 – 1907

secretary {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, Consistory (i.e. Curia)}

1903 – 1905

scientist {Egypt and Palestine}, research on the local nature and diseases, especially leprosy

PhD student {Jerusalemtoday: Jerusalem dist., Israel
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.31]
, theology}

PhD student {Krakówtoday: Kraków city pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, theology}

PhD student {Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, theology}

PhD student {Viennatoday: Vienna state, Austria
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, theology}

student {Freiburg im Breisgautoday: Freiburg im Breisgau city dist., Freiburg reg., Baden–Württemberg state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, theology, Albrecht and Louis University}

till 1898

student {Przemyśltoday: Przemyśl city pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.01]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

writer and scientist author of several dozen scientific works devoted to social issues (including „Education and prosperity. Economic and social study”, Poznań 1903; „Christ and the social question”, Poznań 1907), to the Jewish question and Freemasonry („Talmud, Bolshevism and the project of marital law in Poland”, Warsaw 1932; „Messianism and the Jewish Question”, Warsaw 1934; „Talmud on the goyim – Gentiles and the Jewish Question in Poland”, Warsaw 1939)

comments

The case of the „denunciation” of Fr Thaddeus Puder by Fr Trzeciak cannot be taken out from the historical context:
21.11.1939 — Fr Puder begins his ministry as vicar in Białołęka Dworska (then outside Warsaw)
27.04.1940 — establishment of KL Auschwitz by the Germans (for Polish political prisoners)
16.11.1940 — establishment and isolation of the Warsaw ghetto, welcomed by some Jewish communities (establishment of the Judenrat — Jewish administrative council, establishment of the Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst police, i.e. the Jewish Police Service).
22.03.1941 — interrogation of Fr Trzeciak by the German political police Gestapo.

When asked by a German who interrogated him about Fr Puder volunteers known information about him.

It seems that this was commonly known knowledge.

Also the knowledge of the whereabouts of Fr Puder, as it seems, was not a secret at the time.

Fr Puder wasn't yet in hiding.
03.1941 — visit of the head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, in KL Auschwitz.

Decision to expand the camp (from 10,000 to 30,000 prisoners) and the decision to establish KL Auschwitz II (Brzezina) — later the Birkenau extermination camp for Jews.
24.04.1941 — Fr Puder's arrest by the Germans in Białołęka Dworska — ostentatiously for refusing to wear a headband with a Jewish star.
22.06.1941 — German attack of the erstwhile ally, the Russians
22.01.1942 — conference in Wannsee — decision to commence Endlösung der Judenfrage
12.11.1942 — escape of Fr Puder from the hospital in Warsaw, with the help of Catholic nuns and the Polish resistance Home Army AK.

From then on, he hid in the same Białołęka Dworska, where he was a vicar and was previously arrested.
Whether it was a „denunciation” let historians judge.

Not propagandists.

others related in death

PUDERClick to display biography Tadeusz Marian, BEDNARZClick to display biography Franciszek (Bro. Jozafat), BOGACZClick to display biography Stefan (Bro. Stefan), DOLEŻALClick to display biography Ferdynand, DOLIŃSKIClick to display biography Tadeusz, DUDAClick to display biography Feliks (Bro. Aquinas), DZIERZGWAClick to display biography Marian, GÓRSKIClick to display biography Edmund, JACHIMOWSKIClick to display biography Tadeusz Julian, KACZEWSKIClick to display biography Franciszek, KALISZEWICZClick to display biography Anthony, KANIAClick to display biography Józef, KAPUSTAClick to display biography Józef, KOLAKClick to display biography Stanisław (Bro. Bogumil), KOTYŃSKIClick to display biography Henryk, KRYGIERClick to display biography Mieczysław, KRZYWIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanisław (Bro. Rafał), KULESZAClick to display biography Stanisław, MAJGIERClick to display biography Franciszek, MALISZClick to display biography Władysław, MĄCZKAClick to display biography Stanisław, MIKOŁAJSKIClick to display biography Leon (Bro. Ambrose), MOTYKAClick to display biography Boleslaus, MÜLLERClick to display biography Tadeusz, NOWAKOWSKIClick to display biography Jan, PALEWSKIClick to display biography Józef, PONIEWIERSKIClick to display biography Józef (Bro. Filip), PROTASIEWICZClick to display biography Teodozy (Fr Teofan), RACZKOClick to display biography Rafał, ROMANClick to display biography Ludwik (Bro. Korneliusz), RUCIŃSKIClick to display biography Anthony, SANIKOWSKI–DZIEGIEĆClick to display biography Leonard, SZYMLIKClick to display biography Jan, SZYMSKIClick to display biography Anthony, ŚWIERCZEKClick to display biography Jan Nepomucen, WERESZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Bronislaus, ZASADNIClick to display biography Franciszek

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Wola district massacres: Mass extermination of the inhabitants of Warsaw Wola and Ochota districts, perpetrated by the Germans in the first days of Warsaw Uprising. Approx. 38,000‑65,000 Poles, men, women and children were massacred (the peak of the barbarian killings took place on 05‑07.08.1944). The massacre — genocide in fact — was in direct response to Adolf Hitler’s order to crash and destroy Warsaw and kill all of its citizens and was perpetrated by German SS units and Russian SS RONA units (with Belarusian contingent) collaborating with them. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

DL 121 Pruszków: Durchgangslager 121 Pruszków (Eng. transit camp) – transit camp where Germans herded Warsaw (and its vicinity) civilian population captured during and after Warsaw Uprising. Set up on 06.01.1944 functioned till 12.1944. C. 390,000–410,000 people were held captive. Most of them were sent subsequently to concentration camps and forced slave labour in Germany. Few hundred – few thousands of them perished in the camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
)

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.26]
, 1lo.rzeszow.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, niezlomni.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.04.23]
, www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.asme.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
, www.bibula.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliograhical:, „Schematismus Venerabilis Cleri Dioecesis PremisliensisClick to display biography”, Przemyśl diocesa Curia, from 1866 to 1938,
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, audiovis.nac.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, bazhum.muzhp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]
, www.polskipetersburg.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.06.13]

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