St Sigismund parish
85 Wiślana Str.
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
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Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
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Territorial Prelature of Schneidemühlmore on
date and place
Kryvyi RihPOW labour camp
today: Kryvyi Rih urban hrom., Kryvyi Rih rai., Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
details of death
During Russian winter offensive of 1945 ending military hostilities of the World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, his Bledzew parish was captured by Russians c. on 31.01.1945.
Bledzew was located on the line of the Germ. Festungsfront im Oder–Warthe Bogen FFOWB (Eng. Fortified Front Oder–Warthe–Bogen), i.e. a series of fortifications stretching between Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra. The unfinished FFOWB was built by the Germans in 1927‑1938, against the prohibitions of the Versailles Treaty, according to assumptions that would make it the most powerful and modern line of fortifications in the world — including one of the largest underground fortifications. From 1943, in the basements of the central section of the FFOWB, armaments factories were launched — e.g. aircraft engines were manufactured in them. In 1945, FFOWB was not heavily defended and the Russians captured it on 21‑31.01.1945.
Soon arrested by the Russians.
Sent to POW camp — in reality a Russian slave labour Gulag concentration camp.
There soon perished in unknown circumstances.
alt. details of death
At the same time, Fr Joseph Fuhrmann, pastor of the Świebodzin parish.
Świebodzin, similarly to Bledzew, which is about 30 km away, was located on the discussed FFOWB fortification line, captured by the Russians on c. 31.01.1945. Moreover, it is known that both died in the same year and in the same place. This jusitifies a hypothesis that their fates were similar. The road led through Rzepin, c. 40 km to the west both from Bledzew and Świebodzin, where there was a temporary camp where c. 11,000 German prisoners of war were kept. Some of the prisoners were then transported by rail through Poznań, Brest–Litovsk and Kovel to Kryvyi Rih in Ukraine. There the POWs were forced to slave in the brickyard (serving for the needs of nearby iron and limestone mines). And there prob. perished.
cause of death
date and place
presbyter (holy orders)
BLESKEClick to display biography John, BUHLClick to display biography John, CZEKALLAClick to display biography Theophilus, GRABKEClick to display biography Leo, GROCHOCKIClick to display biography John, HELLWIGClick to display biography Francis, HUNDRIESERClick to display biography Paul Leo, KLEMTClick to display biography Leo, KÖNIGClick to display biography Robert, KRUGClick to display biography Maximilian, MERSMANNClick to display biography Alphonse, MICHALIKClick to display biography Herbert, RISSClick to display biography Francis, SCHADEClick to display biography John, SOBIERAJCZYKClick to display biography Alphonse, STEINKEClick to display biography Eric, STEINKEClick to display biography Herbert, STRAUCHClick to display biography Emil, SZYNKOWSKIClick to display biography Francis, TETZLAFFClick to display biography Anthony, WINGERClick to display biography Leo, WITTIGClick to display biography Augustus, FUHRMANNClick to display biography Joseph
(+ prisoner no)
Kryvyi Rih: Russian POW camp, mostly German prisoners, located in the southern Russian POW region, covering Ukraine and Moldova. In the region, the Russians organized 34 administrative centers managing about 515 POW camps. Prisoners of war often slaved at construction sites of various infrastructural and industrial enterprises, new ones or reconstructions of damaged during war hostilities. (more on: de.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.19454 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
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