• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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religious status

Servant of God

surname

SZYNKOWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

SZYSZKOWSKI

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • SZYNKOWSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Niezabyszewo, source: slupsk.naszemiasto.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYNKOWSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Niezabyszewo
    source: slupsk.naszemiasto.pl
    own collection
  • SZYNKOWSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, Lębork, source: www.lebork24.info, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZYNKOWSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Lębork
    source: www.lebork24.info
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Territorial Prelature of Schneidemühlmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.07.06]

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

Spiritual Counselor

nationality

Polish-German

date and place
of death

10.03.1945

Lęborktoday: Lębork urban gm., Lębork pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

details of death

After 1919, his parish remained in Germany. As sources state: „Poles considered him a German, and the Germans placed him on the list of dangerous activists who should be neutralized when the state is threatened”.

During World War II, which began with the German and Russian invasion of Poland in September 1939, heard confessions in Polish — against the orders — not only of local Kashubian inhabitants but also of Poles from neighboring counties, deprived of Catholic priests.

During East Pomeranian offensive, part of the Vistula–Oder operation of the Russian winter offensive of 1945, ending the military campaigns of World War II, evacuated by the German army from his Niezabyszewo parish on c. 04.01.1945 (day later the village was captured by the Russians).

Reached the seat of his deanery, Lębork, and hid in basements of the local parish rectory.

When on 10.03.1945 the Russians arrived — they entered the town practically without a fight, but immediately began to devastate and set the buildings on fire — initially received demands for horses next for women.

Attempted to defend them — shouted that he is a Pole and added „Satan, leave the girls in peace!”.

Massacred with rifle butts.

When one of the soldiers, struggling with the defending herself dean's niece, shot himself in the foot, the Russians threw an incendiary grenade into the presbytery.

Then started firing erratically.

Perished along with Fr Robert König and 6 people (including a paralyzed dean's sister, her husband and two nieces, and a 16‐year‐old raped girl from Rekowo).

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

29.08.1879

Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

13.03.1904

positions held

1935 – 1945

dean — Lęborktoday: Lębork urban gm., Lębork pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
RC deanery

1910 – 1945

parish priest — Niezabyszewotoday: Bytów gm., Bytów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Lęborktoday: Lębork urban gm., Lębork pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
RC deanery

1907 – 1910

vicar — GdańskNowy Port district
today: Gdańsk city pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Hedwig of Silesia RC parish

1907

vicar — Giemlicetoday: Cedry Wielkie gm., Gdańsk pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.09]
⋄ St John the Baptist RC parish

1907

vicar — GdańskNowy Port district
today: Gdańsk city pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Hedwig of Silesia RC parish

till 1907

vicar — Koczałatoday: Koczała gm., Człuchów pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish

from 1905

vicar — Rogóźnotoday: Rogóźno gm., Grudziądz pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr RC parish

1904 – 1905

vicar — GdańskŚródmieście district
today: Gdańsk city pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
⋄ St Brigitte RC parish

1900 – 1904

student — Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

BLESKEClick to display biography John, BUHLClick to display biography John, CZEKALLAClick to display biography Theophilus, GRABKEClick to display biography Leo, GROCHOCKIClick to display biography John, HELLWIGClick to display biography Francis, HUNDRIESERClick to display biography Paul Leo, KLEMTClick to display biography Leo, KÖNIGClick to display biography Robert, KRUGClick to display biography Maximilian, MERSMANNClick to display biography Alphonse, MICHALIKClick to display biography Herbert, REPKEClick to display biography Justus, RISSClick to display biography Francis, SCHADEClick to display biography John, SOBIERAJCZYKClick to display biography Alphonse, STEINKEClick to display biography Eric, STEINKEClick to display biography Herbert, STRAUCHClick to display biography Emil, TETZLAFFClick to display biography Anthony, WINGERClick to display biography Leo, WITTIGClick to display biography Augustus

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‐1945 of pre‐war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
slupsk.naszemiasto.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, bibliotekacyfrowa.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.der-fels.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, www.theologisches.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.28]
, gosc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.02]
, www.niezabyszewo.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.09]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]

bibliographical:
Biographical dictionary of priests of the Chełmno diocese ordained in the years 1821‐1920”, Henry Mross, Pelplin, 1995
original images:
slupsk.naszemiasto.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.09]
, www.lebork24.infoClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.12.09]

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MARTYROLOGY: SZYNKOWSKI Francis

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