• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • FUHRMANN Joseph, source: www.rathay-biographien.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFUHRMANN Joseph
    source: www.rathay-biographien.de
    own collection

surname

FUHRMANN

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Joseph (pl. Josef)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Wrocław archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

01.09.1946

Kryvyi RihPOW labour camp
today: Kryvyi Rih urban hrom., Kryvyi Rih rai., Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]

details of death

During Russian winter offensive of 1945 ending military hostilities of the World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, his Świebodzin parish was captured by Russians on 31.01.1945.

Świebodzin was located on the line of the Germ. Festungsfront im Oder–Warthe Bogen FFOWB (Eng. Fortified Front Oder–Warthe–Bogen), i.e. a series of fortifications stretching between Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra. The unfinished FFOWB was built by the Germans in 1927‑1938, against the prohibitions of the Versailles Treaty, according to assumptions that would make it the most powerful and modern line of fortifications in the world — including one of the largest underground fortifications. From 1943, in the basements of the central section of the FFOWB, armaments factories were launched — e.g. aircraft engines were manufactured in them. In 1945, FFOWB was not heavily defended and the Russians captured it on 21‑31.01.1945.

Arrested by the Russians on 12.02.1945 (according to some sources on c. 07.02.1945 when Russians arrested all men in the town).

Deported by the Russians to Rzepin where a temporary transit camp holding c. 11,000 German prisoners was set up, and next — through Poznań, Brześć Litewski and Kowel — to Krzywy Róg in Ukraine where was forced to do hard labour in a brickyard (POWs of the local camp slaved supporting iron and limestone excavations) and perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

20.03.1913

Królewska Hutatoday: Chorzów /from 1934/, Chorzów city pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

05.04.1936 (Wrocławtoday: Wrocław city pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
)

positions held

from 1939

vicar — Świebodzintoday: Świebodzin gm., Świebodzin pov., Lubusz voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2010.08.11]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Świebodzintoday: Świebodzin gm., Świebodzin pov., Lubusz voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2010.08.11]
RC deanery

1937 – 1939

vicar — Przychowatoday: Ścinawa gm., Lubin pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.07]
⋄ St Lawrence the Deacon and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Ścinawatoday: Ścinawa gm., Lubin pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
RC deanery

1936 – 1937

vicar — Ujazd Górnytoday: Udanin gm., Środa Śląska pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
⋄ St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Środa Śląskatoday: Środa Śląska gm., Środa Śląska pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
RC deanery

till 1936

student — Wrocławtoday: Wrocław city pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

SCHOLTYSSEKClick to display biography Eric, SIEBNERClick to display biography Francis, REPKEClick to display biography Justus, KOMISCHKEClick to display biography Eleonor (Sr Edmara), PAWLIKClick to display biography Mechtilde (Sr Melissa), STANIAClick to display biography Elphrieda (Sr Leutbergis), STRIEGANClick to display biography Claire (Sr Orlanda), URBAŃCZYKClick to display biography Hedwig (Sr Speciosa), ZAPOROWICZClick to display biography Elisabeth (Sr Lybia)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Kryvyi Rih: Russian POW camp, mostly German prisoners, located in the southern Russian POW region, covering Ukraine and Moldova. In the region, the Russians organized 34 administrative centers managing about 515 POW camps. Prisoners of war often slaved at construction sites of various infrastructural and industrial enterprises, new ones or reconstructions of damaged during war hostilities. (more on: de.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.17]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно–трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea–Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held there at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.1945 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
books.google.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, www.schwiebus.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
,
original images:
www.rathay-biographien.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.15]

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