• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • PEŁKA Leo, source: www.myheritage.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPEŁKA Leo
    source: www.myheritage.pl
    own collection

surname

PEŁKA

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • PEŁKA Leo - Commemorative plaque, St Martin church, Świekatowo, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPEŁKA Leo
    Commemorative plaque, St Martin church, Świekatowo
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • PEŁKA Leo - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPEŁKA Leo
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

08.11.1939

Mniszek - Grupa foresttoday: Dragacz gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

While at gymnasium in Chojnice — during Prussian times (partitions of Poland) — member (1899‑1907) and leader (1901‑3) of the gymnasium chapter of a clandestine Polish self–education Philomaths organisation.

During World War I drafted into German army as a chaplain. Ministered in Wałcz, Szczecin and on the Western Front in France.

In 1918 demobilised in colonel rank.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II arrested on 22.10.1939 by the Germans.

Jailed in Luszkówek and Świecie on Vistula river.

From there transported to execution site and murdered.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

11.04.1886

Kruszynytoday: Bobrowo gm., Brodnica pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

02.04.1911 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

1939

parish priest {parish: Świekatowotoday: Świekatowo gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, St Martin, the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Świecietoday: Świecie gm., Świecie pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1928 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Kurzętniktoday: Kurzętnik gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, St Mary Magdalene; dean.: Nowe Miasto Lubawskietoday: Nowe Miasto Lubawskie urban gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}

1928

administrator {parish: Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, St James the Apostle; dean.: Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
}

1920 – 1928

director {Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, Stanislaus Staszic's Teachers' Seminary}

activist {Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, People's University}

1918 – 1919

director {Wałcztoday: Wałcz gm., Wałcz pow., West Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Teachers' Seminary}

from 1914

prefect {Wałcztoday: Wałcz gm., Wałcz pow., West Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Teachers' Seminary}

1913 – 1914

vicar {parish: Kościerzynatoday: Kościerzyna urban gm., Kościerzyna pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Mirachowotoday: Kartuzy gm., Kartuzy pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

1914

prefect {Kościerzynatoday: Kościerzyna urban gm., Kościerzyna pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
, Teachers' Seminary}

1912 – 1913

vicar {parish: GdańskWrzeszcz borough
today: Gdańsk city pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus}

1911 – 1912

vicar {parish: GdańskŚródmieście district
today: Gdańsk city pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.24]
, King's Chapel}

1909 – 1911

student {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1906 – 1907

student {Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1907 – 1909

student {Würzburgtoday: Würzburg urban dist., Lower Franconia reg., Bavaria state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

1911 – 1927

membership {Toruńtoday: Toruń city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, scientific society}

others related in death

BERTELClick to display biography Ceslaus, BORUCKIClick to display biography, BRZÓSKOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, BURDYNClick to display biography Bernard, BUSSClick to display biography Casimir, CZOGAŁAClick to display biography Ignatius, DĄBROWSKIClick to display biography, ECHAUSTClick to display biography Bronislaus, HOŁUBOWSKIClick to display biography Bonaventure, JAKUBIAKClick to display biography Boleslaus, KNEBLEWSKIClick to display biography Vaclav, KOTEWICZClick to display biography Stanislaus, KOWALClick to display biography Henry Stanislaus, KUCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Marian, MAKOWSKIClick to display biography Roman, MALORNYClick to display biography Francis, MAŃKIEWICZClick to display biography Henry, MEGGERClick to display biography Vladislav, MIKUCZEWSKIClick to display biography Louis, NODZYŃSKIClick to display biography Andrew, REPIŃSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Louis, ROGALSKIClick to display biography John, SOŁTYSIAKClick to display biography John, WALECKIClick to display biography Vaclav, WOJTASZEWSKIClick to display biography Casimir, ŻUKOWSKIClick to display biography Vincent

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Mniszek / Grupa forest: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in the complex of forests by villages of Mniszek (in a former gravel mine) and Grupa (on the former Polish military training ground), c. 16 km to the north–east of Świecie and c. 10 km to the west of Grudziądz, Germans murdered in mass executions approx. 10,000 Poles, brought from prison in Świecie, from Psychiatric Hospital in Świecie (c. 1,000 patients — the patients were brought in parties 60‑strong, having been given sedatives prior to dispatch), prison in Grudziądz, internment camp in Nowe on Vistula, from Steyler Missionaries (Verbite friars) missionary house in Górna Grupa — mainly intelligentsia, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties in Pomerania. Among the victims were c. 120 children brought out under a school trip guise. Murders were perpetrated by Germans from Selbstschutz and SS genocidal organisations. Wehrmacht soldiers served as truck drivers. The victims were being killed of with shovels, sticks, sometimes buried alive. Those who attempted to defend themselves were hung. In 1944 Germand dug out most of the bodies and burnt them. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

Świecie: Detention centre run by Germans. Most of the prisoners in 1939 Germans took to Mniszek‑Grupa and executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

sources

personal:
groby.radaopwim.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
, www.niedziela.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, www.myheritage.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
,
original images:
www.myheritage.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.03.25]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]

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