• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KISZKURNO Anthony - C. 1920?, source: cyfroteka.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKISZKURNO Anthony
    C. 1920?
    source: cyfroteka.pl
    own collection

surname

KISZKURNO

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • KISZKURNO Anthony - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Trutowo, source: www.trutowo.karmelici.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKISZKURNO Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Trutowo
    source: www.trutowo.karmelici.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese
Pinsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

date and place of death

06.05.1942

KL Dachau - MunichGermany (Bavaria) – Austria

alt. dates and places of death

15.05.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

In 1920, in the face of the Russian invasion of Poland — during the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑21 — retreated with Polish army west.

After the Polish victory in the Battle of Warsaw in 08.1920 („Miracle on Vistula river”) prob. Attempted to return to his home country and to the Hajna parish, but these areas — as a result of the so‑called Peace treaty of Riga 1921 — remained under Russian occupation.

Then moved to independent Poland.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 25.08.1940.

Jailed in Szczeglin transit camp.

Next on 29.08.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

From there on 14.12.1940 brought to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally from there — totally exhausted — transported in a so‑called „invalid transport” towards TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where was to be murdered in a gas chamber.

Did not reach the destination — prob. died during the first stage of the trip to TA Hartheim, on the way to Munich, and there dragged out of the truck and incinerated in city crematorium.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

29.01.1893

Wardowszczyznaby Pushchanka village
today: village non–existent, Lahoysk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

07/17.04.1918

positions held

1939 – 1940

parish priest {parish: Wrząca Wielkatoday: Koło gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St James the Apostle; dean.: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1929 – 1939

parish priest {parish: Szymanowicetoday: Gizałki gm., Pleszew pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Zagórówtoday: Zagórów gm., Słupca pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
}

1927 – 1929

parish priest {parish: Wolatoday: Kikół gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
; church: Trutowotoday: Kikół gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Anne; dean.: Lipnotoday: Lipno gm., Lipno pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
}

prefect {Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, gymnasium(s)}

1921 – 1926

PhD student {Lublintoday: Lublin city pow., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}, PhD thesis „Rights and duties of parish priests in the light of Polish provincial synods of the 16th century”

PhD student {Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

PhD student {Paristoday: Paris dep., Île–de–France reg., France
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.13]
}

1921

parish priest {parish: Hajnatoday: Lahoysk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus}

c. 1920

administrator {parish: Brudzewalso: Brudzew Kolski
today: Brudzew gm., Turek pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Kołotoday: Koło urban gm., Koło pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}, acting („ad interim”)

1919 – 1920

parish priest {parish: Hajnatoday: Lahoysk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus}

1918 – 1919

vicar {parish: Barysawtoday: Barysaw dist., Minsk reg., Belarus}

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K3495)

others related in death

GIZOWSKIClick to display biography Edmund, GLISZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, GŁADYSZClick to display biography Bronislaus, GŁOGOWSKIClick to display biography Lawrence, GMEREKClick to display biography Ceslaus, GODLEWSKIClick to display biography Julian, GOLĘDZINOWSKIClick to display biography John Ignatius, GOŁĘBIOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav (Bro. Alex), GOSTYŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir, GOZDEKClick to display biography Adolph Roman, GÓRECKIClick to display biography Joseph, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography James, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography John, GRABAREKClick to display biography Bronislaus, GROCHOLSKIClick to display biography Edmund, GRODKIEWICZClick to display biography John, GRONWALDClick to display biography Thaddeus Edward, GRYSZKAClick to display biography Thomas, GRZESIEKClick to display biography Francis, GUDERClick to display biography John, GURANOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Stanislaus, GUTKAClick to display biography Bronislaus, HAMERLINGClick to display biography Casimir Valentine, HEINTZELClick to display biography Joseph Leopold, HOFMANClick to display biography Francis, HUCHRACKIClick to display biography Joseph (Fr Eusebius), JANIAKClick to display biography Steven, JARCZEWSKIClick to display biography John Alexander, JARZĘBIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven Dominic Alexander, JARZYNAClick to display biography Arcadius Casimir, JASKULSKIClick to display biography Telesphorus, JAŚKIEWICZClick to display biography Joseph Benedykt, JAWORSKIClick to display biography Thomas, JĘDRYCHOWSKIClick to display biography John, KACZOROWSKIClick to display biography Henry, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, KAMIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven (Bro. Vaclav), KARBOWIAKClick to display biography John, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Apollinaris Casimir, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Steven, KASIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus Lamberto, KATUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Felix, KICIŃSKIClick to display biography John, KOCHANOWICZClick to display biography Bronislaus Stanislaus, KOCHANOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22819Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Szczeglin: Transit and labour camp, operational from 01.10.1939 till 15.09.1940. Germans kept there approx. 4,600 Poles before transporting them to concentration camps. Among others on 29.08.1940 Germans sent from Szczeglin 188 Polish priests to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Approx. 150 of those held in Szczeglin were murdered — some in the camp itself, the others in an execution site in Świerkowice forest. (more on: www.dsh.waw.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
)

26.08.1940 arrests (Warthegau): As part of strategy formulated by the Gaulaiter of German‑occupied Wartheland, Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy, hundreds of Polish priests were arrested on this day. They were jailed, together with priests arrested previously and held in Ląd on Warta river camp, among others, in Szczeglin transit camp n. Mogilno. Three days later all were transferred to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
michaelstanislaus.salon24.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.06.01]
, www.trutowo.karmelici.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliograhical:, „Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947, „Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020,
original images:
cyfroteka.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, www.trutowo.karmelici.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

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