• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • GMEREK Ceslaus, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection

surname

GMEREK

forename(s)

Ceslaus (pl. Czesław)

  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Commemorative plaque, Blessed Virgin Mary of Immaculate Conception parish church, Grębanin; source: thanks to Mr Andrew Maliński’s kindness (private correspondence, 23.11.2019) (www.kepnosocjum.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Commemorative plaque, Blessed Virgin Mary of Immaculate Conception parish church, Grębanin
    source: thanks to Mr Andrew Maliński’s kindness (private correspondence, 23.11.2019) (www.kepnosocjum.pl)
    own collection
  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GMEREK Ceslaus - Commemorative plague, altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGMEREK Ceslaus
    Commemorative plague, altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.archpoznan.pl
[access: 2012.11.23]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

06.05.1942

TA HartheimSchloss Hartheim „euthanasia” center
today: Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.18]

alt. dates and places of death

28.06.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

From 01.01.1927 chaplain of the Polish Army reserve.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 06.10.1941.

Interned in Konstantynów transit camp.

From there on 30.10.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally totally exhausted taken in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center, where was murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

02.07.1893

Stara Dąbrowatoday: Wolsztyn gm., Wolsztyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places of birth

02.07.1883

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

20.12.1919

positions held

1934 – 1941

parish priest {parish: Grębanintoday: Baranów gm., Kępno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculate Conception; dean.: Kępnotoday: Kępno gm., Kępno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]
}

1931 – 1934

administrator {parish: Nowe Skalmierzycetoday: Nowe Skalmierzyce gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Corpus Christi; dean.: Ołoboktoday: Sieroszewice gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1925 – c. 1931

vicar {parish: Borektoday: Borek Wielkopolski, Borek Wielkopolski gm., Gostyń pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
, Blessed Virgin Mary of Consolation; dean.: Borektoday: Borek Wielkopolski, Borek Wielkopolski gm., Gostyń pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
}, also: chaplain of religious houses and prefect of high schools

1925

vicar {parish: Koźmintoday: Koźmin Wielkopolski, Koźmin Wielkopolski gm., Krotoszyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20]
, St Lawrence the Deacon and Martyr; dean.: Koźmintoday: Koźmin Wielkopolski, Koźmin Wielkopolski gm., Krotoszyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20]
}

1924 – 1925

vicar {parish: Janków Zaleśnytoday: Raszków gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr and Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Ostrów Wielkopolskitoday: Ostrów Wielkopolski urban gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}

1924

prefect {Wągrowiectoday: Wągrowiec urban gm., Wągrowiec pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Teachers' Seminary}

c. 1920 – c. 1922

vicar {parish: Bydgoszcztoday: Bydgoszcz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Bydgoszcz–citydeanery name
today: Bydgoszcz city pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
}

c. 1920

vicar {parish: Kościelecalso: Kościelec Kujawski
today: Pakość gm., Inowrocław pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
, St Margaret of the Virgin and Martyrs; dean.: Inowrocławtoday: Inowrocław gm., Inowrocław pow., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

till 1919

student {Gnieznotoday: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, philosophy and theology, Practical Theological Seminary (Lat. Seminarium Clericorum Practicum)}

from 1915

student {Poznańtoday: Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary (Collegium Leoninum)}

others related in death

GIZOWSKIClick to display biography Edmund, GLISZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, GŁADYSZClick to display biography Bronislaus, GŁOGOWSKIClick to display biography Lawrence, GODLEWSKIClick to display biography Julian, GOLĘDZINOWSKIClick to display biography John Ignatius, GOŁĘBIOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav (Bro. Alex), GOSTYŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir, GOZDEKClick to display biography Adolph Roman, GÓRECKIClick to display biography Joseph, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography James, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography John, GRABAREKClick to display biography Bronislaus, GROCHOLSKIClick to display biography Edmund, GRODKIEWICZClick to display biography John, GRONWALDClick to display biography Thaddeus Edward, GRYSZKAClick to display biography Thomas, GRZESIEKClick to display biography Francis, GUDERClick to display biography John, GURANOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Stanislaus, GUTKAClick to display biography Bronislaus, HAMERLINGClick to display biography Casimir Valentine, HEINTZELClick to display biography Joseph Leopold, HOFMANClick to display biography Francis, HUCHRACKIClick to display biography Joseph (Fr Eusebius), JANIAKClick to display biography Steven, JARCZEWSKIClick to display biography John Alexander, JARZĘBIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven Dominic Alexander, JARZYNAClick to display biography Arcadius Casimir, JASKULSKIClick to display biography Telesphorus, JAŚKIEWICZClick to display biography Joseph Benedykt, JAWORSKIClick to display biography Thomas, JĘDRYCHOWSKIClick to display biography John, KACZOROWSKIClick to display biography Henry, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, KAMIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven (Bro. Vaclav), KARBOWIAKClick to display biography John, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Apollinaris Casimir, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Steven, KASIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus Lamberto, KATUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Felix, KICIŃSKIClick to display biography John, KISZKURNOClick to display biography Anthony, KOCHANOWICZClick to display biography Bronislaus Stanislaus, KOCHANOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28124Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

DL Konstantinow: German Germ. Durchgangslager (Eng. Transit camp), resettlement concentration camp established on 05.01.1940 in Konstantynów Łódzki (c. 10 km west of the center of Łódź), and operational till 16.08.1943. Polish prisoners from Greater Poland (Wielkopolska), Pomerania and central Poland were held there. Approx. 42,000 were interned, thousands of them perished out of which approx. 700 were identified. In 10.1941‑12.1941 approx. 450 Polish priests and religious from Częstochowa, Łódź and Włocławek dioceses and Poznań archdiocese were imprisoned there prior to transport to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
)

06.10.1941 arrests (Warthegau): On 13.09.1941 Gaulaiter of German province Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland, in German–occupied Greater Poland (where German standard law was in force), Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy issued a decree formally dissolving Catholic Church and forming in its place a Roman Catholic German National Church in Wartheland, an organization subject to a German private law. All the contacts with Vatican were forbidden. All the religion congregations were also dissolved. On 06‑07.10.1941 mass arrests of Polish Catholic priests took place. All were herded into Konstantynów or Ląd on Warta river transit camps or KL Posen concentration camp (in this case, the detainees were first registered, photographed and examined in the infamous Poznań headquarters of the German political police, the Gestapo, in the former Soldier's House). On 30.10.1941 most of them were transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
,
original images:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.kepnosocjum.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.11.24]

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MARTYROLOGY: GMEREK Ceslaus

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