• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
LINK to Nu HTML Checker

full list:

displayClick to display full list

wyświetlKliknij by wyświetlić pełną listę po polsku


Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

po polskuKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJAKliknij by wyświetlić to bio po polsku
  • KOWSZ Alexander, source: ex-press.live, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWSZ Alexander
    source: ex-press.live
    own collection

surname

KOWSZ

forename(s)

Alexander (pl. Aleksander)

function

presbiter (i.e. iereus)

creed

Eastern Orthodox Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

date and place
of death

1943

Minsktoday: Minsk city reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

In 1915, during World War I, after the Russian defeat in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915, escaped with millions of Russians from the occupied territory of Poland deep into Russia — first to Moscow, then to Ryazan, Slavyansk in eastern Ukraine and finally Maykop.

Returned to independent Poland in 11.1921, after the Russian defeat in the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1921.

Became involved in Belarusian activities, in particular supported — although he was not a member of — the Belarusian Peasants and Workers „Hromada” organisation, a left–wing political group operating in Poland, striving — with money from communist Russia and in cooperation with the illegal Communist Party of Western Belarus — for self–determination for Belarusians in the Bolshevik sense, i.e. joining the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic, created by the communists in Russia.

As a result, on the night of 14‑15.01.1927, together with most of the leaders of the „Hromada” was arrested by the Polish authorities (officially, „Hromada” was dissolved on 23.03.1927).

Released in 03.1927, and in 1928 acquitted by the court.

In 1930, became involved with the movement of the Belarusian Orthodox Committee within the Orthodox Church, opposing the alleged Polonization of the Orthodox Church in Poland (including the actual introduction of the Polish language in schools), and as a result, was stripped of his posts in Vilnius.

Returned there after the German and Russian attack on Poland in 09.1939 and the start of World War II, prob. just after the beginning of the Lithuanian occupation of Vilnius in 10.1939, or after 06.1940, when Russia annexed Lithuania.

During the German attack on 22.06.1941 on the erstwhile ally, the Russians, prob. arrested for some time but soon released.

After the beginning of the German occupation, moved to the territories occupied till 1939 by the Russians, to Mińsk, and then to Kraysk and Pleshchenitsy.

There ministered among the people deprived of spiritual support since the Russian communist revolution.

According to Russian and Belarusian sources, helped persecuted Jews by issuing false baptismal certificates, administering marriage sacraments, etc.

According to Fr Alexander Lubecki was to contribute to the arrest by the Germans of Fr Henry Hlebowicz, who came to Pleshchenitsy for the same purpose — to restore the pastoral ministry of the Catholic Church among the population deprived of it for about 20 years of communist rule.

Arrested by the Germans in 03.1943.

Prob. taken to Minsk, interrogated there and murdered in unknown circumstances.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

02.08.1884

Rydelitoday: Vertelishki ssov., Grodno dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1922 (Orthodox Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary Cathedral in Grodnomore on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
)

positions held

till 1943

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {church: Pleshchanitsytoday: Pleshchanitsy ssov., Lahoysk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church}

1941

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {church: Kraisktoday: Kraisk ssov., Lahoysk dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church}

1939 – 1941

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {church: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Orthodox church Transfer of the Relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker}, also: senior accountant at the Lithuanian State Bank (1940‑1941), co–head of the Belarusian Red Cross

1937 – 1939

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {parish: Kastykitoday: Lyudvinovo ssov., Vileyka dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church St Sebastian and 40 Martyrs}

1931 – 1937

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {parish: Noritsatoday: Volki ssov., Pastavy dist., Vitebsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church Intercession of the Mother of God}

1928 – 1931

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {church: Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Orthodox church St Paraskeva Pyatnitsa}, sought to formally create a new parish

1926 – 1931

professor {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, Belarusian Gymnasium}, law teacher; in c. 1930, in connection with cooperation with the Belarusian Orthodox Committee, striving for the Belarusianization of the Orthodox Church and opposing the alleged Polonization of the Church, briefly deprived of the position of teacher — restored thanks to the intervention of part of the Church itself

1925 – 1928

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {parish: VilniusŠnipiškės district
today: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church}, rebuilt the church; also: chief accountant of the Belarusian Cooperative Bank

1922 – 1925

presbiter (Eng. priest, i.e. iereus) {parish: Dyatlovichitoday: Roś ssov., Vawkavysk dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.04.10]
, Orthodox church St Nicholas}

till 1915

accountant (Lat. Calculator) {Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
, Bank of Poland}

1904 – 1908

teacher {Damachavatoday: Damachava ssov., Brest dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

till 1904

student {Svislachtoday: Svislach dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
, Teachers' Seminary}

married two children

author of articles in the magazine „Праваслаўная Беларусь” (Eng. „Orthodox Belarus”), editor (c. 1928, in three languages) of the magazine „Народная ніва” (Eng. „Narodowe Pole”), editor, publisher and author of articles (1928‑ 1929) in the magazine „Беларуская зарніца” (Eng. „Belarusian Dawn”), publisher of translations of foreign books

others related
in death

HLEBOWICZClick to display biography Henry, LUBECKIClick to display biography Alexander

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
ru.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.04.10]
, ex-press.liveClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.04.10]
,
original images:
ex-press.liveClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.04.10]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
en.wikipedia.org
, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATORClick and try to call your own Email client

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: KOWSZ Alexander

To return to the biography press below:

Click to return to biographyClick to return to biography