• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • RUDŽIONIS Steven - Prison photo, source: www.geni.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORUDŽIONIS Steven
    Prison photo
    source: www.geni.com
    own collection

surname

RUDŽIONIS

forename(s)

Steven (pl. Stefan)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Steponas

  • RUDŽIONIS Steven - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORUDŽIONIS Steven
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kaišiadory diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2017.06.16]

nationality

Lithuanian

date and place
of death

02.01.1949

UkhtIzhemLag labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Vetlasyan–Ukhta, Komi rep., Russia

details of death

During World War I evacuated deep into Russia.

After German defeat in the World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after start in 1944/1945 of Russian occupation of Lithuania arrested by the Russians member of the anti–Russian partisan Lithuanian Freedom Army, under nom‑de‑guerre Wind (lit. Vėjas).

Organizer and commander of the 2nd Battalion of Great Region DKA (lit. Didžiosios Kovos apygardos).

Next member of the leadership of Kaišiadorys partisan region (from 25.04.1945 deputy commander) and administration of Great Region DKA (heading it from 11.1945).

On 08.07.1945 avoided arrested by Russian NKVD after bunker where he was hiding was discovered and few partisans murdered.

Arrested by the Russians on c. 30.01.1946, few days after search of his rectory on 25.01.1946 when Russians uncovered partisans' archives.

On 03.07.1946 sentenced to 19(25?) years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag.

Transported to UkhtIzhemLag concentration camp in Ukhta vicinity.

There prob. slaved in thick oil mining.

There perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

06.01.1890

Jakūbonystoday: Širvintos eld., Širvintos dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
lt.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]

alt. dates and places
of birth

1880

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1915

positions held

from 1944

parish priest — Gegužinėtoday: Palomenė eld., Kaišiadorys dist., Kaunas Cou., Lithuania
more on
lt.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
⋄ Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Kaišiadorystoday: Kaišiadorys urban eld., Kaišiadorys dist., Kaunas Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
RC deanery

from 1922

parish priest — Beižionystoday: Beižionys eld., Elektrėnai dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
lt.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC parish ⋄ Elektrėnaitoday: Elektrėnai eld., Elektrėnai dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

student — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)

others related
in death

KRZYWICKIClick to display biography Adolph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

UkhtIzhemLag: Russian complex of concentration camps (Uktha–Izhma ITL, part of Gulag penal system) founded on 10.05.1938 as a result of the split of UkhtPechLag concentration camp complex with HQ in Chibyu (Ukhta) in Izhma river region, in Komi republic. Divided into a number of separate concentration subcamps. At peak in excess of 30,000 prisoners slaved at mines and processing plants (in oil and other materials). The number started to go down in c. 1953, the year of Joseph Stalin, Russian genocidal leader’s death, and in 1955, when UkhtIzhemLag was incorporated into another complex of Russian concentration camps, PechorLag, reached c. 6,000 inmates. Many Poles brought in 1939 after Russian invasion of Poland, Germans (including German women from Volga region) and nationals of Baltic countries (mainly after 1944) were held there. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно–трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea–Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held there at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.kaisiadoriumuziejus.ltClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, lt.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, www.kronika.ltClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, www.partizanai.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
,
original images:
www.geni.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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