• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

  • KRUPSKI Zeno Alexander, source: docplayer.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRUPSKI Zeno Alexander
    source: docplayer.net
    own collection




Zeno Alexander (pl. Zenon Aleksander)


eparchial priest


Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]



date and place of death


Sambir rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine

alt. dates and places of death

Lviv obl., Ukraine

details of death

During Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9 served in Ukrainian Galician Army UGA. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, murdered by the Russians either in prison or in the local salt mine. The body was dumped into a mine shaft. Murdered by the Russians during mass murders of prisoners after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians occupying Polish territories.

cause of death

mass murder



date and place of birth


Brzegi Górne
bieszczadzki pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/

15.02.1925 (Greek Catholic Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

parish priest of Tyrawa Wołoska parish in Lesko deanery (1934‑40), f. parish priest of Maniów parish in Łupków deanery (1930‑4), f. administrator of Pawłokoma in Dynów deanery (1929‑30), Końskie in Dynów deanery (1926‑9) parishes, f. vicar of Jabłonica Ruska parish in Dynów deanery (1925‑6)f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Przemyśl (1920‑4, 1918), married with four children

others related in death


murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Prison massacres – Sambir 06.1941: After German attack of Russians on 22.06.1941 Russians murdered prisoners held in Sambir prison. Prison held more than 1,310 inmates (on 10.06.1941, later, after German attack, many others from nearby villages were brought in and Russians did not even manage to register them). Right after German invasion Russians started to murder prisoners. For 5 days, without a break, a „military court” sat in prison, a prisoners in groups of 5‑10 inmates were summarily sentenced to death and next led to the basement and murdered by a shot to the back of the head. Prob. half of prisoners were murdered this way. On c. 26‑27.06.1941 an order to speed up execution was issued. C. 50 prisoners were brought to the internal square and machine gunned from watchtowers, followed by grenade shelling. Some inmates survived and led to a mutiny. For next days Russians surrounded the prison and shot at random. And then escaped from the town. It is estimated that Russians managed to murder c. 600‑700 prisoners, mainly Ukrainians and Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.12.26])

Prison massacres – Drohobych 06.1941: After German attack of Russians on 22.06.1941 Russians murdered prisoners held in Drohobych Stryjska Str. investigative jail. The exact number of victims remains unknown — after German attack Russians brought many prisoners (c. 300) from nearby villages and did not even manage to register them. In the last days of 06.1941 Russian genocidal NKVD forced the prisoners onto the prison yard informing the inmates of impending release. When all congregated there from the guard towers they were slaughter by machine guns fire. Under stack of bodies four people survived. Altogether Russians together with a number of Jews eagerly helping them murdered then c. 1,200 people (though some might have been murdered earlier). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.03.24])

06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.06])

Drohobych (prisons): Before the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939 a criminal prison functioned at Drohobych Truskawiecka Str. where c. 1,200‑1,500 inmates were held. After the start in 09.1939 of the first Russian occupation a new jail run by Russian NKVD genocidal organization was opened at Striyska Str. (by regional NKVD headquarters). There in 06.1941, after German attack of their erstwhile ally, Russians, NKVD perpetrated a genocidal massacre of prisoners. After German defeat and start in 1944 of another Russian occupation NKVD returned to the same buildings and again opened their jail, where hundreds and thousands of people suspected of not supporting Russia were held and interrogated. The jail was closed in 1959. The prison at Truskawiecka Str. however remained open throughout the II World War, both during Russian and German occupations, stayed open after the end of military hostilities and operates till today. (more on: btx.home.pl [access: 2020.04.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])


www.vox-populi.com.ua [access: 2015.03.01], docplayer.net [access: 2019.12.26]
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
original images:
docplayer.net [access: 2019.12.26]


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