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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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religious status

Servant of God

surname

ROZUMNY

surname
versions/aliases

ROZUMNIJ

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Ivan (pl. Iwan)

religious forename(s)

January

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic GCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

congregation

Basilian Order of Saint Josaphat OSBMmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

(i.e. Basilians)

diocese / province

Lviv GC archeparchymore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place
of death

13.05.1948

ITL KrasLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
form.: Reshoty station
today: Nizhnyaya Poyma, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

details of death

On 18.09.1914, during World War I, due to the defeat of the Austro–Hungarian Monarchy’s troops in the so‐called Battle of Galicia, and the occupation of Galicia by the Russians, transferred to Croatia with other monks. Returned in 07.1915, after the Russian defeat at the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915, and the reoccupation of Galicia by the Austro–Hungarian Empire.

After German defeat in the World War II started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and after start in 1944/1945 of another Russian occupation of pre‐war eastern Polish provinces (voivodships) arrested by the Russian genocidal NKVD on 11.04.1945.

Accused of „providing assistance to the German occupier”, „persuading young people to join the German 14th Waffen SS‐Galizien Grenadier Division”, „participated in commissions sending people to forced labor in Germany”, „distributing anti–Russian propaganda materials”.

On 13.08.1946 sentenced to 10 years in slave labour concentration camps (Gulag).

On 17.10.1946 transported to ITL KrasLag concentration camp, to Nizhnaya Poyma village, where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

16.06.1891

Kornivtoday: Chernelytsia hrom., Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]

religious vows

30.06.1912 (temporary)
17.12.1917 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

18.04.1920 (Lavrivtoday: Staryi Sambir urban hrom., Sambir rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
)

positions held

1944 – 1945

administrator — Streptivtoday: Kamyanka‐Buzka urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ St Cosma and St Damian the Martyrs GC parish ⋄ Staryi Mylyatyntoday: Busk urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.31]
GC deanery — also: lecturer at the Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Lviv

1938 – 1944

administrator — Banyunyntoday: Novyi Yarychiv hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Staryi Mylyatyntoday: Busk urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.31]
GC deanery

1937

vicar — Verkhnia Lypytsiatoday: Rohatyn urban hrom., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Rohatyntoday: Rohatyn urban hrom., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano‐Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
GC deanery

1936

administrator — Tuchnetoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Peremyshlyanytoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
GC deanery

1933 – 1936

administrator — Bahatkivtsitoday: Zolotnyky hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ St George the Martyr GC parish ⋄ Zarvanytsiatoday: Zolotnyky hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
GC deanery

1932 – 1933

curatus/rector/expositus — Svirzhtoday: Bibrka urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.10.15]
⋄ Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Peremyshlyanytoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
GC deanery

1932

administrator — Ubynitoday: Novyi Yarychiv hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ St Cosma and St Damian the Martyrs GC parish ⋄ Staryi Mylyatyntoday: Busk urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.31]
GC deanery

1931 – 1932

vicar — Kuropatnykytoday: Berezhany urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.24]
⋄ St John the Baptist GC parish ⋄ Berezhanytoday: Berezhany urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
GC deanery

1931

vicar — Snovychitoday: Pomoryany hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ St Nicholas the Wonderworker and St Euphemia GC parish ⋄ Pomoryanytoday: Pomoryany hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
GC deanery

c. 1930

leaving — Basilians OSBM

till c. 1930

monk — Zhovkvatoday: Zhovkva urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.22]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ Nativity of Christ GC monastery — ministry in the monastic printing and publishing house

monk — Mykhailivkatoday: Pidhaitsi urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles GC monastery

from c. 1926

monk — Ulashkivtsitoday: Nahirianka hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.13]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC monastery — also: chaplain in a nearby Mylivtsi village

c. 1925 – 1926

monk — Buchachtoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
⋄ Scientific and educational St Josaphat Missionary Institute (gymnasium), Basilians OSBM ⋄ Exaltation of the Lord's Cross GC monastery — teacher of history, Latin, Greek and German

c. 1924 – c. 1925

monk — Pidhirtsytoday: Zabolottsi hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.03]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Onuphrius GC monastery — prob. rest and medical treatment

1921 – c. 1924

monk — Buchachtoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
⋄ Scientific and educational St Josaphat Missionary Institute (gymnasium), Basilians OSBM ⋄ Exaltation of the Lord's Cross GC monastery — teacher of history, Latin, Greek and German

1920 – 1921

monk — Buchachtoday: Buchach urban hrom., Chortkiv rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ Exaltation of the Lord's Cross GC monastery — preacher and confessor

1917 – 1920

student — Lavrivtoday: Staryi Sambir urban hrom., Sambir rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
⋄ Theological Study, Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Onuphrius GC monastery — also: 1919‐1920 prefect of religion at the school run by Basilian Fathers

1915 – 1917

student — Lavrivtoday: Staryi Sambir urban hrom., Sambir rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
⋄ Philosophical Study, Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Onuphrius GC monastery

1914 – 1915

student — Jastrebarskotoday: Zagreb cou., Croatia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ philosophy, Franciscans OFM ⋄ RC monastery

1914

student — Lavrivtoday: Staryi Sambir urban hrom., Sambir rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
⋄ Philosophical Study, Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Onuphrius GC monastery

1912 – 1914

monk — Krekhivtoday: Zhovkva urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Nicholas GC monastery — i.a. supplementing humanities education at gymnasium level and a rhetoric course

1911 – 1912

novitiate — Krekhivtoday: Zhovkva urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.06]
⋄ Basilians OSBM ⋄ St Nicholas GC monastery

27.10.1910

accession — Basilians OSBM

others related
in death

BIELAWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, MILEIKAClick to display biography Alexander, TAMOŠAITISClick to display biography Isidore

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL KrasLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Красноярский (Eng. Krasnoyarskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Kansk, and later at the Reshoty station in Nizhnyaya Poyma in the Krasnoyarsk Krai. Founded on 05.02.1938. Prisoners slaved at the forest clearing and wood processing (ski semi‐finished products, production of skis, furniture, railway sleepers), construction of a hydrolysis plant in Kańsk, completion of the construction of railway lines to the ITL AngarLag concentration camp, in agricultural works, in the construction of apartments and roads, production of bricks, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 31,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 22,686 (01.01.1942); 23,900 (01.01.1948); 30,007 (01.01.1950); 23,345 (01.01.1951); 26,481 (01.01.1952); 26,611 (01.04.1952); 30,546 (01.01.1953). By 1950 over 100,000 prisoners had passed through it. In the years 1938‐1939 and 1941‐1945, the annual mortality rate was c. 7‐8% of those imprisoned (some were shot). Among the prisoners were many Lithuanians (from 1941) and Volga Germans (from 01.1942). In the second half of the 1940s many political prisoners from Ukraine and Belarus were brought to the camps. Ceased to operate in 1960, though already in 1949‐1950 some of the prisoners were relocated to other concentration camps, to ITL StepLag in Kazachstan among others. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‐трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‐Baltic Canal (1931‐1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‐called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‐каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
, www.diaz.org.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.11.24]
, magazine.lds.lviv.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]

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MARTYROLOGY: ROZUMNY John

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